Hadith al-Thaqalayn

A Brief Biography of the Author
April 1, 2019
Conclusion
October 23, 2015

Much hue and cry has been raised with regards to the famous hadith known as Hadith al Thaqalayn, with the Shia propagator often fervently claiming that it, 1) is Mutawatir (so authentically and abundantly narrated that it is impossible to deny), 2) establishes the Ahlul Bayt as the only source of shari’ah after the Qur’an (or rather equal to the Qur’an as a source of guidance), 3) and that the authority of the twelve (shia) Imams is proven from it. Closer inspection of the chains of narration, however, reveal matters to be quite the opposite; this hadith being neither Mutawatir, and neither establishing the authority of the Ahlul Bayt, making the claim in favour of the twelve Imams even more far-fetched. The author, Molana Muhammad Nafi’ has traced this narration in all references cited by the Shia, as well as those not cited by them, after which two versions of this hadith emerge: that which is authentic and proves the virtue of the entire Ahlul Bayt (not only twelve as is the dogmatic view of the Shia) and that which is weak and has been subjected to distortion by Shia narrators; and thereafter he goes on to prove the veracity of the Ahlus Sunnah’s view.

 
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Introduction

A Brief Biography of the Author

The Opinion of Molana ‘Abdul Sattar Tonsawi

Foreword By Molana Khalid Mahmud Sialkoti

Foreword by ‘Allamah Shams al Haq Afghani

Foreword By Molana Sayed Ahmed Shah Ajnalwi Chokerwi

An Appeal from the Author

 

Section One

Point one

Point two

Point Three

Point Four

Point Five

Point Six

Point Seven

Point Eight

Point Nine

Point Ten

 

Sahifah Imam ‘Ali al Rida ibn Musa al Kazim

 

Tabaqat ibn Sa’d

‘Attiyah al ‘Aufi according to the Ahlus Sunnah

‘Attiyah al ‘Aufi according to the Shia

 

Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah

Sharik according Ahlus Sunnah

Sharik according to the Shia

Musnad Ishaq ibn Rahawayh

Kathir ibn Zaid al Rumi

 

Musnad Ahmed ibn Hambal al Shaybani

The First Narration

The Second Narration

The Third Narration

The Fourth Narration

The Fifth Narration

The Sixth Narration

The Seventh Narration

The Eighth Narration

 

Musnad ‘Abd ibn Humaid

Yahya ibn ‘Abdul Hamid according to the Ahlus Sunnah

Yahya ibn ‘Abdul Hamid according to the Shia

 

Sunan al Darami

 

Nawadir al Usul

The First Narration

Zaid ibn al Hassan al Anmati according to the Ahlus Sunnah

Zaid ibn al Hassan al Anmati according to the Shia

Ma’roof ibn Kharrabudh according to the Ahlus Sunnah

Ma’roof ibn Kharrabudh according to the Shia

The Second Narration

Appendix to the Discussion on Nawadir al Usul

 

Sahih Muslim

 

Jami’ al Tirmidhi

The First Narration

The Second Narration

‘Ali ibn al Mundhir according to the Ahlus Sunnah

Muhammad ibn Fudayl according to the Ahlus Sunnah

Muhammad ibn Fudayl according to the Shia

 

Musnad al Bazzar

The First Narration

Salih ibn Musa Talhi according to the Ahlus Sunnah

Salih ibn Musa Talhi according to the Shia

The Second Narration

‘Ali ibn Thabit according to the Ahlus Sunnah

‘Ali ibn Thabit according to the Shia

Sa’ad ibn Sulaiman

Al Harith al A’war according to the Ahlus Sunnah

Al Harith al A’war according to the Shia

 

Sunan al Kubra of Imam Nasa’i

The First Narration

The Second Narration

Answering the substantiation from the narration: “Whoever takes me as a wali then ‘Ali is also his wali”

 

Musnad Abi Ya’la

 

Muhammad ibn Jarir al Tabari

 

Musnad Abi ‘Awanah

 

Mushkil al Athar

 

Isnad of al Baghawi

 

Eight asanid of the Hadith al Thaqalayn from Ibn ‘Uqdah

  1. The Narration of Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah
  2. The Narration of ‘Ali al Murtada
  3. The Narration of Ibn Damirah
  4. The Narration of Hudhayfah and ‘Amir ibn Layla
  5. The Narration of Abu Dhar
  6. The Narration of Abu Rafi’ — the freed slave
  7. The Narration of Umm Salamah
  8. The Narration of Umm Hani

The ‘Accolades’ of Ibn ‘Uqdah

A Final Word

 

The isnad of Da’laj ibn Ahmed ibn Da’laj al Sajzi

 

The narration of Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn ‘Umar ibn Muhammad ibn Muslim al Tamimi

 

The Narration of Abu Bakr Ahmed ibn Jafar

 

Ma’ajim al Tabarani

Mujam Saghir

The First Narration

‘Abbad ibn Ya’qub according to the Ahlus Sunnah

‘Abbad ibn Ya’qub according to the Shia

Kathir al Nawa according to the Ahlus Sunnah

Kathir al Nawa’ according to the Shia

‘Attiyah al ‘Aufi

The Second Narration

Yunus ibn Arqam

Harun ibn Sa’d according to the Ahlus Sunnah

Harun ibn Sa’d according to the Shia

‘Attiyah ibn Sa’d al ‘Aufi

Mujam Awsat

Mujam Kabir

The First Narration

The Second Narration

The Third Narration

 

Mustadrak al Hakim

The First Narration

Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn al Hussain

Jarir ibn ‘Abdul Hamid according to the Ahlus Sunnah

Jarir ibn ‘Abdul Hamid al Dabbi al Razi according to the Shia

The Second Narration

‘Abdul Malik al Raqashi

Khalaf ibn Salim al Makhrami

The Third Narration

Muhammad ibn Salamah al Hadrami according the Ahlus Sunnah

Muhammad ibn Salamah ibn Kuhayl according the Shia

The Fourth Narration

An Additional Note Regarding the Discussion of Mustadrak

 

The Isnad of the Famous Mufassir al Tha’labi

Ahmed ibn al Ahjam al Qadi

‘Attiyah al ‘Aufi

 

Hilyat al Awliya’

 

Tarikh Baghdad

 

Sunan al Kubra

The First Narration

The Second Narration

 

Al Manaqib of Ibn al Maghazli

The First Narration

The Second Narration

The Third Narration

The Fourth Narration

Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Sulaiman al Baghandi

The Fifth Narration

 

The Isnad al Humaidi

 

The Isnad of al Sam’ani

 

Kitab al Firdows

 

Tafsir Maalim al Tanzil

 

The Isnad of al ‘Abdari

 

The Isnad of Qadi ‘Ayyad

 

The Isnad of al ‘Asimi

 

The Isnad of Akhtab Khawarizm

A Necessary Caution

 

Tarikh Ibn ‘Asakir

 

The Isnad of Abu Musa al Madini

 

Usd al Ghabah fi Ma’rifat al Sahabah

 

Al Mukhtarah of al Diya’ al Maqdisi

 

Tadhkirat al Khawas

The First Narration

The Second Narration

Muhammad ibn al Muzaffar

‘Abdullah ibn Dahir

‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abdul Quddus

‘Attiyah al ‘Aufi

A Brief Biography of Sibt ibn al Jowzi

 

Kifayat al Talib

 

Yanabi al Mawaddah

The Narration of Sulaim ibn Qais al Hilali

The Narrations of Ibn ‘Uqdah

Zaid ibn Arqam

Zaid Ibn Thabit

‘Ali al Murtada and The Freed Slave Abu Rafi’

Abu Hurairah

Sayyidah Fatimah

The Narrations of Yanabi’ al Mawaddah Which Appear Under the Title ‘Al Manaqib Mentions’

Study of the Above Narrations

The Narration of Sulaim ibn Qais

A Study of the Narrations of Ibn ‘Uqdah

The Narrations of Yanabi al Mawaddah Which Appear Under the Title ‘Al Manaqib Mentions’

An Appendage to the Discussion of Yanabi’

Another Misinterpretation

A Different Perspective

 

Section Two

The Hadith of Thaqalayn

 

Proof from the Qur’an

The First Verse

The Second Verse

The Third Verse

The Fourth Verse

The Fifth Verse

The Sixth Verse

The Seventh Verse

The Eighth Verse

The Ninth Verse

The Tenth Verse

The Eleventh Verse

The Twelfth Verse

 

Proof from the Hadith of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam

  1. Muwattaʾ of Imam Malik (d. 179 A.H.)
  2. Sirat Ibn Hisham (d. 218 A.H.)
  3. Ibn Abi al Dunya (d. 281 A.H)
  4. Tarikh al Tabari (d. 310 A.H)
  5. Al Daraqutni (d. 385 A.H.)
  6. Mustadrak Hakim (d. 405 A.H)
  7. Akhbar Isfahan
  8. Al Ibanah of Abu al Nasr al Sajzi (d. 444 A.H)
  9. Al Sunan al Kubra of al Bayhaqi (d. 485 A.H)
  10. Al Sunan al Kubra of al Bayhaqi (485 A.H.)
  11. Jami’ Bayan al ‘Ilm of Ibn ‘Abdul Barr
  12. Mustadrak al Hakim

 

Summary

A Possible Objection

The Answer

 

Proving our Belief From Accepted Sources of the Shia

  1. Nahj al Balaghah
  2. Al Safi Sharh Usul al Kafi
  3. Usul al Kafi
  4. Nahj al Balaghah
  5. Nahj al Balaghah
  6. Usul al Kafi
  7. Ihtijaj al Tabarsi
  8. Rijal al Kashshi
  9. Tanqih al Maqal
  10. Usul al Kafi
  11. Nahj al Balaghah
  12. Nahj al Balaghah
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