Hadith al-Thaqalayn

Much hue and cry has been raised with regards to the famous hadith known as Hadith al-Thaqalayn, with the Shi`i propagator often fervently claiming that it, 1) is Mutawatir (so authentically and abundantly narrated that it is impossible to deny), 2) establishes the Ahl al-Bayt as the only source of shari`ah after the Qur’an (or rather equal to the Qur’an as a source of guidance), 3) and that the authority of the twelve (shi`i) Imams is proven from it. Closer inspection of the chains of narration, however, reveal matters to be quite the opposite; this hadith being neither Mutawatir, and neither establishing the authority of the Ahl al-Bayt, making the claim in favour of the twelve Imams even more far-fetched. The author, Mowlana Muhammad Nafi` has traced this narration in all references cited by the Shi`ah, as well as those not cited by them, after which two versions of this hadith emerge: that which is authentic and proves the virtue of the entire Ahl al-Bayt (not only twelve as is the dogmatic view of the Shi`ah) and that which is weak and has been subjected to distortion by Shi`i narrators; and thereafter he goes on to prove the veracity of the Ahl al-Sunnah’s view.

 
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Introduction

A Brief Biography of the Author

The Opinion of Mowlana `Abd al-Sattar Tonsawi

Preface by Mowlana Khalid Mahmud

Foreword by Mowlana Shams al-Haqq Afghani

Foreword by Mowlana Sayyid Ahmad Shah Ajnalawi

An Appeal from the Author

 

Section One

Point one

Point two

Point Three

Point Four

Point Five

Point Six

Point Seven

Point Eight

Point Nine

Point Ten

 

Sahifah Imam `Ali al-Rida ibn Musa al-Kazim

 

Tabaqat ibn Sa`d

`Atiyyah al-`Aufi according to the Ahl al-Sunnah

`Atiyyah al-`Aufi according to the Shi`ah

 

Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah

Sharik according Ahl al-Sunnah

Sharik according to the Shi`ah

 

Musnad Ishaq ibn Rahawayh

Kathir ibn Zayd al-Rumi

 

Musnad Ahmad ibn Hambal al-Shaybani

The First Narration

The Second Narration

The Third Narration

The Fourth Narration

The Fifth Narration

The Sixth Narration

The Seventh Narration

The Eighth Narration

 

Musnad `Abd ibn Humayd

Yahya ibn `Abd al-Hamid according to the Ahl al-Sunnah

Yahya ibn `Abd al-Hamid according to the Shi`ah

 

Sunan al-Darami

 

Nawadir al-Usul

The First Narration

Zayd ibn al-Hasan al-Anmati according to the Ahl al-Sunnah

Zayd ibn al-Hasan al-Anmati according to the Shi`ah

Ma`ruf ibn Kharbudh according to the Ahl al-Sunnah

Ma`ruf ibn Kharbudh according to the Shi`ah

The Second Narration

Appendix to the Discussion on Nawadir al-Usul

 

Sahih Muslim

 

Jami` al-Tirmidhi

The First Narration

The Second Narration

`Ali ibn al-Mundhir according to the Ahl al-Sunnah

Muhammad ibn Fudayl according to the Ahl al-Sunnah

Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl according to the Shi`ah

 

Musnad al-Bazzar

The First Narration

Salih ibn Musa Talhi according to the Ahl al-Sunnah

Salih ibn Musa Talhi according to the Shi`ah

The Second Narration

`Ali ibn Thabit according to the Ahl al-Sunnah

`Ali ibn Thabit according to the Shi`ah

Su`ad ibn Sulayman

Al-Harith al-A`war according to the Ahl al-Sunnah

Al-Harith al-A`war according to the Shi`ah

 

Sunan al-Kubra of Imam Nasa’i

The First Narration

The Second Narration

Answering the substantiation from the narration: “Whoever takes me as a wali then `Ali is also his wali”

 

Musnad Abi Ya`la

 

Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabri

 

Musnad Abi `Awanah

 

Mushkil al-Athar

 

Isnad of al-Baghawi

 

Eight asanid of the Hadith al-Thaqalayn from Ibn `Aqdah

  1. The Narration of Jabir ibn `Abd Allah
  2. The Narration of `Ali al-Murtada
  3. The Narration of Ibn Damirah
  4. The Narration of Hudhayfah and `Amir ibn Layla
  5. The Narration of Abu Dhar
  6. The Narration of Abu Rafi` — the freed slave
  7. The Narration of Umm Salamah
  8. The Narration of Umm Hani

The ‘Accolades’ of Ibn `Aqdah

A Final Word

 

The isnad of Da`laj ibn Ahmad ibn Da`laj al-Sajzi

 

The narration of Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn `Umar al-Tamimi

 

The Narration of Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Ja`far

 

Ma`ajim al-Tabarani

Mu`jam Saghir

The First Narration

`Ubbad ibn Ya`qub according to the Ahl al-Sunnah

`Ubbad ibn Ya`qub according to the Shi`ah

Kathir al-Nawa according to the Ahl al-Sunnah

Kathir al-Nawa’ according to the Shi`ah0

`Atiyyah al-`Aufi

The Second Narration

Yunus ibn Arqam

Harun ibn Sa`d according to the Ahl al-Sunnah

Harun ibn Sa`d according to the Shi`ah

`Atiyyah ibn Sa`d al-`Aufi

Mu`jam Awsat

Mu`jam Kabir

The First Narration

The Second Narration

The Third Narration

 

Mustadrak al-Hakim

The First Narration

Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn al-Husayn

Jarir ibn `Abd al-Hamid according to the Ahl al-Sunnah

Jarir ibn `Abd al-Hamid al-Dabbi al-Razi according to the Shi`ah

The Second Narration

`Abd al-Malik al-Raqashi

Khalaf ibn Salim al-Makhrami

The Third Narration

Muhammad ibn Salamah al-Hadrami according the Ahl al-Sunnah

Muhammad ibn Salamah ibn Kuhayl according the Shi`ah

The Fourth Narration

An Additional Note Regarding the Discussion of Mustadrak

 

The Isnad of the Famous Mufassir al-Tha`labi

Ahmad ibn al-Ahjam al-Qadi

`Atiyyah al-`Aufi

 

Hilyat al-Awliya’

 

Tarikh Baghdad

 

Sunan al-Kubra

The First Narration

The Second Narration

 

Al-Manaqib of Ibn al-Maghazli

The First Narration

The Second Narration

The Third Narration

The Fourth Narration

Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Baghandi

The Fifth Narration

 

The Isnad al-Humaydi

 

The Isnad of al-Sam`ani

 

Kitab al-Firdows

 

Tafsir Ma`alim al-Tanzil

 

The Isnad of al-`Abdari

 

The Isnad of Qadi `Ayyad

 

The Isnad of al-`Asimi

 

The Isnad of Akhtab Khawarizm

A Necessary Caution

 

Tarikh Ibn `Asakir

 

The Isnad of Abu Musa al-Madini

 

Usd al-Ghabah fi Ma`rifat al-Sahabah

 

Al-Mukhtarah of al-Diya’ al-Maqdisi

 

Tadhkirat al-Khawas

The First Narration

The Second Narration

Muhammad ibn al-Muzaffar

`Abd Allah ibn Dahir

`Abd Allah ibn `Abd al-Quddus

`Atiyyah al-`Aufi

A Brief Biography of Sibt ibn al-Jowzi

 

Kifayat al-Talib

 

Yanabi` al-Mawaddah

The Narration of Sulaym ibn Qays al-Hilali

The Narrations of Ibn `Aqdah

Zayd ibn Arqam

Zayd Ibn Thabit

`Ali al-Murtada and The Freed Slave Abu Rafi`

Abu Hurayrah

Sayyidah Fatimah

The Narrations of Yanabi` al-Mawaddah Which Appear Under the Title ‘Al-Manaqib Mentions’

Study of the Above Narrations

The Narration of Sulaym ibn Qays

A Study of the Narrations of Ibn `Aqdah

The Narrations of Yanabi` al-Mawaddah Which Appear Under the Title ‘Al-Manaqib Mentions’

An Appendage to the Discussion of Yanabi`

Another Misinterpretation

A Different Perspective

 

Section Two

The Hadith of Thaqalayn

 

Proof from the Qur’an

The First Verse

The Second Verse

The Third Verse

The Fourth Verse

The Fifth Verse

The Sixth Verse

The Seventh Verse

The Eighth Verse

The Ninth Verse

The Tenth Verse

The Eleventh Verse

The Twelfth Verse

 

Proof from the Hadith of Rasulullah salla Llahu `alayhi wa sallam

  1. Muwattaʾ of Imam Malik (d. 179 A.H.)
  2. Sirat Ibn Hisham (d. 218 A.H.)
  3. Ibn Abi al-Dunya (d. 281 A.H)
  4. Tarikh al-Tabari (d. 310 A.H)
  5. Al-Daraqutni (d. 385 A.H.)
  6. Mustadrak Hakim (d. 405 A.H)
  7. Akhbar Isfahan
  8. Al-Ibanah of Abu al-Nasr al-Sajzi (d. 444 A.H)
  9. Al-Sunan al-Kubra of al-Bayhaqi (d. 485 A.H)
  10. Al-Sunan al-Kubra of al-Bayhaqi (485 A.H.)
  11. Jami` Bayan al-`Ilm of Ibn `Abd al-Barr
  12. Mustadrak al-Hakim

Summary

A Possible Objection

The Answer

 

Proving our Belief From Accepted Sources of the Shi`ah

  1. Nahj al-Balaghah
  2. Al-Safi Sharh Usul al-Kafi4
  3. Usul al-Kafi
  4. Nahj al-Balaghah
  5. Nahj al-Balaghah
  6. Usul al-Kafi
  7. Ihtijaj al-Tabarsi
  8. Rijal al-Kashshi
  9. Tanqih al-Maqal
  10. Usul al-Kafi
  11. Nahj al-Balaghah
  12. Nahj al-Balaghah