This verse: O Messenger, announce was revealed on the Day of Ghadir Khum

The verse: And of the people is he who sells himself was revealed in favour of ‘Ali
March 11, 2019
Looking at the face of ‘Ali is worship
March 11, 2019

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This verse: O Messenger, announce was revealed on the Day of Ghadir Khum

 

نزلت هذه الآية يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُوْلُ بَلِّغْ يوم غدير خم

This verse: O Messenger, announce[1] was revealed on the Day of Ghadir Khum.

 

The narration is mawdu’. Al Wahidi[2] and Ibn ‘Asakir document it from ‘Ali ibn ‘Abis from―al A’mash and Abu al Jahhaf from―’Attiyah from―Abu Sa’id al Kalbi (not al Khudri as they think). This isnad is weak. Both ‘Ali ibn ‘Abis and ‘Attiyah are da’if.

It is authentically established that the verse was revealed to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam in Madinah. Al Albani highlighted this. The sahih narration reads:

 

حدثنا أبو محمد عبد الله بن يوسف الأصبهاني رحمه الله قال أخبرنا أبو بكر محمد بن الحسين بن الحسن القطان قال حدثنا علي بن الحسن الهلالي قال حدثنا مسلم بن إبراهيم قال حدثنا الحارث بن عبيد قال حدثنا سعيد الجريري عن عبد الله بن شقيق عن عائشة قالت كان النبي يحرس حتى نزلت هذه الآية وَاللَّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ فأخرج رأسه من القبة فقال لهم أيها الناس انصرفوا فقد عصمني الله تعالى

Abu Muhammad ‘Abdullah ibn Yusuf al Asbahani rahimahu Llah narrated to us―Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn al Hussain ibn al Hassan al Qattan informed us saying―’Ali ibn al Hassan al Hilali narrated to us saying―Muslim ibn Ibrahim narrated to us syaing―al Harith ibn ‘Ubaid narrated to us saying―Sa’id al Jariri narrated to us from―’Abdullah ibn Shaqiq from―’Aisha who reports:

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam would be guarded until the verse was revealed: And Allah will protect you from the people.[3] Where after he put his head out of the tent and told them, “O people, you may leave for Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala has guaranteed me protection.”

 

The hadith is sahih and mursal. It is supported by the hadith of Sayyidina Abu Hurairah radiya Llahu ‘anhu :

 

عن أبي هريرة قال كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم إذا نزل منزلا نظروا أعظم شجرة يرونها فجعلوها للنبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فينزل تحتها و ينزل أصحابه بعد ذلك في ظل الشجر فبينما هو نازل تحت شجرة و قد علق السيف عليها إذ جاء أعرابي فأخذ السيف من الشجرة ثم دنا من النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم و هو نائم فأيقظه فقال يا محمد من يمنعك مني الليلة فقال النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم الله فأنزل الله يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُوْلُ بَلِّغْ مَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ رَّبِّكَ وَإِنْ لَّمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ وَاللَّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ

When Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam would alight at any spot, the Sahabah would search for the biggest tree they see and reserve it for the Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam who would rest under it and his Sahabah would settle thereafter under the shades of the other trees. Once while he was resting under a tree, and he had hung his sword on it, a Bedouin approached and grabbed the sword from the tree. He then moved close to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam who was asleep and awoke him. he then shouted, “O Muhammad, who will save you from me tonight?”

The Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam immediately replied, “Allah!”

Upon this Allah revealed: O Messenger, announce that which has been revealed to you from your Lord, and if you do not, then you have not conveyed His message. And Allah will protect you from the people.[4]

 

Al Albani says, “Ibn Hibban documents it in his Sahih.”[5]

Ibn Marduyah also reports as appears in Ibn Kathir[6] from two chains from Hammad ibn Salamah―Muhammad ibn ‘Amr narrated to us from―Abu Salamah from him. This isnad is Hassan.

 

He adds:

Know that the Shia believe―in opposition to the previous ahadith―that the above mentioned verse was revealed on the day of Ghadir Khum regarding ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu. They list many narrations, majority of which are mursal or mu’dal. One of the narrations is from Abu Sa’id al Khudri. However, it is not sahih from him. Other narrations which ‘Abdul Hussain points to in his al Muraja’at[7] without any examination of their isnads, as is his habit in all the ahadith in his book …

Rather, he deceives if I do not say he lies. He says after documenting this munkar hadith from Abu Sa’id al Khudri, “More than one of the authors of al Sunan like al Wahidi have documented it.”

The face of his lie that novices will grasp is that al Wahidi is not from the authors of the four Sunan. He is only a mufassir who narrates both sahih and not sahih narrations. This hadith of Abu Sa’id is among those that are not sahih. He documents it from the chain of a narrator who is matruk and extremely da’if.[8]

 

He also stated:

Al Suyuti despite him being the mufassir who has gathered the most transmissions reported in tafsir without distinguishing sahih from da’if, he did not mention under this verse except this hadith of Abu Sa’id al Khudri the weakness of which you have become familiar with and another similar hadith from Ibn Marduyah from Ibn Mas’ud. Al Suyuti did not comment on it according to his habit. It is evident that it is from the fabrications of the Shia. Al Suyuti thereafter lists a number of ahadith mawsul and mursal; the sum of them point to the falseness of ‘Ali and Ghadir Khum featuring anywhere in the revelation of the verse. They are general, without any connection whatsoever to ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu.

 

Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala declares:

وَاللَّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ

And Allah will protect you from the people.[9]

 

Meaning the Mushrikin who spared no effort in trying to prevent him from da’wah and to kill him in various ways.

 

Al Shafi’i says:

يعصمك من قتلهم أن يقتلوك حتى تبلغ ما أنزل إليك

He will protect you from them killing you before you convey what has been revealed to you.[10]

 

The Mushrikin were non-existent on the day of Ghadir Khum since he is returning from Hajjat al Wada’ to Madinah. The verse was revealed years before his Hajj when he was still in Madinah fighting the Mushrikin. The meaning of people according to the Shia is Abu Bakr , ‘Umar, ‘Uthman, and the senior Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum.[11]

 

Next⇒ Looking at the face of ‘Ali is worship


[1] Surah al Ma’idah: 67.

[2] Pg. 150.

[3] Surah al Ma’idah: 67.

[4] Surah al Ma’idah: 67.

[5] Mawarid al Zam’an vol. 1 pg. 430.

[6] Tafsir Ibn Kathir vol. 6 pg. 198.

[7] Al Muraja’at pg. 38.

[8] Silsilat al Ahadith al Sahihah Hadith: 2489.

[9] Surah al Ma’idah: 67.

[10] Al Dala’il vol. 2 pg. 185.

[11] Silsilat al Ahadith al Da’ifah Hadith: 4922.

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