Abu Hurairah radiya Llahu ‘anhu narrates that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:
من سره أن يكتال بالمكيال الأوفى إذا صلى علينا أهل البيت فليقل اللهم صل على محمد وأزواجه أمهات المؤمنين وذريته وأهل بيته كما صليت على آل إبراهيم إنك حميد مجيد
If anyone would like to have the fullest measure granted to him when he invokes blessings on us, the members of the prophet’s family, he should say: O Allah, send peace upon Muhammad, his wives who are the Mothers of the Faithful, his offspring, and Ahlul Bayt as you have sent peace upon the family of Ibrahim. You are indeed praiseworthy and glorious.
This narration has been recorded by Imam Abu Dawood and others. Imam Ahmed and ‘Abdul Razzaq have recorded it from a Companion of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and have the following addition:
وبارك على محمد وعلى أهل بيته وأزواجه وذريته
And send blessings upon Muhammad, his family, wives, and offspring.
فجمع بين الأزواج والذرية والأهل وإنما نص عليهم بتعيينهم ليبين أنهم حقيقيون بالدخول في الآل وأنهم ليسوا بخارجين منه بل هم أحق من دخل فيه وهذا كنظائره من عطف الخاص على العام وعكسه تنبيها على شرفه وتخصيصا له بالذكر من بين النوع لأنه من أحق أفراد النوع
This narration is inclusive of the wives, offspring, and family of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. All of them are expressly mentioned so that one may know that they are all included in the Ahlul Bayt. None of the above mentioned are excluded from the Ahlul Bayt. Mentioning them separately was to denote the virtue of them all, one after the other.
فيه دليل على أن هذه الصلاة أعظم أجرا من غيرها وأوفر ثوابا
This goes to prove that this salutation is more rewarding than others.
لم يكن ذلك من عمل من مضى
This was not an act of the early Muslims.
من آل محمد قال كل مؤمن تقي
“Who are the family of Muhammad?”
He said, “Every pious believer”.
Al ‘Uqayli has recorded this narration which is munkar, has no basis and is a fabrication as attested to by Ibn Taymiyyah. Furthermore, this narration would then leave no place and meaning for the ahadith wherein Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam commanded the ummah to take good care of his family or those wherein he had declared sadaqah impermissible for them. The improbability of this narration is also strengthened by the slaughtering of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam; he slaughtered one for his ummah and one for his family. Al Bayhaqi has written in Al Shu’ab al Iman:
وفي هذا دلالة على ان اسم الآل للقرابة الخاصة لا لعامة المؤمنين
This shows that the term ‘Al’ is specific to close relatives and does not include general Muslims.
The term ‘Al’ though, at times, includes the Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum and the ummah as established from the hadith of Wathilah radiya Llahu ‘anhu when Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:
هؤلاء أهلي قال واثلة: قلت: يا رسول الله وأنا من أهلك؟ قال: وأنت من أهلي. قال واثلة: إنها لمن أرجى ما أرجو
“These are my family.” I (Wathilah) said, “O Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and am I from your family?” He replied, “And you are from my family.”
There is difference between the term ‘Al’ with regards to the general meaning of the word and the actual use of the word. There are many other such examples in the Qur’an and ahadith.
 Sunan Abu Dawood, Hadith: 982.
 Jila’ al Afham, pg. 112.
 Nayl al Awtar, vol. 2 pg. 326.
 Al Sunan al Kubra, vol. 2 pg. 217.Back to top