The Seventh Narration: On the authority of Ibn Shihab who says that ‘Ali ibn al Hussain narrated to him that when they arrived in Madinah after departing from Yazid ibn Muawiyah, following the martyrdom of Hussain ibn ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu…..

The Sixth Narration: If anyone would like to have the fullest measure granted to him when he invokes blessings on us, the members of the prophet’s family, he should say: …..
February 18, 2019
The Eighth Narration: Aisha radiya Llahu ‘anha narrates, “The wives of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam were with him [during his final illness]; none of them departed. Fatimah approached; her gait precisely matched the gait of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam…..
February 19, 2019

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The Seventh Narration

عن ابن شهاب أن علي بن الحسين حدثه أنهم حين قدموا المدينة من عند يزيد بن معاوية مقتل الحسين بن علي رحمة الله عليه لقيه المسور بن مخرمة فقال له هل لك إلي من حاجة تأمرني بها فقلت له لا فقال فهل أنت معطي سيف رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فإني أخاف أن يغلبك القوم عليه و ايم الله لئن أعطيتنيه لا يخلص إليهم أبدا حتى تبلغ نفسي إن علي بن أبي طالب خطب ابنة أبي جهل على فاطمة رضي الله عنها فسمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يخطب الناس في ذلك على منبره هذا و أنا يومئذ محتلم فقال إن فاطمة مني و أنا أتخوف أن تفتن في دينها ثم ذكر صهرا له من بني عبد شمس فأثنى عليه في مصاهرته إياه قال حدثني فصدقني و وعدني فوفى لي و إني لست أحرم حلالا و لا أحل حراما و لكن و الله لا تجتمع بنت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و بنت عدو الله أبدا

On the authority of Ibn Shihab who says that ‘Ali ibn al Hussain narrated to him that when they arrived in Madinah after departing from Yazid ibn Muawiyah, following the martyrdom of Hussain ibn ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu.

Al Miswar ibn Makhramah radiya Llahu ‘anhu met him and said to him, “Do you have any need from me which you might command me?”

He replied in the negative.

He said, “So are you going to give me the sword of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam for I fear that the people will dominate you over it. And by Allah, if you give it to me, it will never reach them as long as I live. Indeed, ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib proposed to the daughter of Abu Jahl while married to Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha. Subsequently, I heard Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam addressing the people while on this pulpit regarding this, when I was still a young man. He said, ‘Certainly, Fatimah is from me and I fear that she will be trialled in her din.’ He thereafter mentioned his in-law from Banu ‘Abdul Shams [i.e. Abu al ‘As ibn Rabi’] and complimented him for maintaining his ties of relationship to himself saying, ‘He gave me his word and was true to the same. He promised me and fulfilled his promise. I neither forbid a permissible action nor do I permit a forbidden one. However, by Allah, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah and the daughter of the enemy of Allah will never unite [in the wedlock of the same man]![1]

 

The narration of Sahih Muslim has the following addition:

إنما فاطمة بضعة مني يؤذيني ما آذاها

Fatimah is from me and what hurts her, hurts me.[2]

 

Commentary and Lessons Learnt from this Narration:

  1. The great reverence held by the Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum for Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

 

  1. The great virtue of Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam referring to her said, ‘She is part of’.

 

  1. This deep connection shared by Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha is one of love and hurt; those that revile or speak ill of Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha are a cause of hurt to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

 

  1. The Ahlul Bayt should not involve themselves with people of ill repute as this may result in speculative tale carrying which mostly leaves a bitter taste.

 

  1. Those that hurt the feelings or attack the integrity of the Ahlul Bayt are in fact causing hurt to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. According to the Thirty Eighth narration this reprehensible act leaves such people liable for Hell Fire.

 

  1. This narration spells out honour and virtue in the right of Abu al ‘As ibn Rabi’ radiya Llahu ‘anhu, the husband of Zainab radiya Llahu ‘anhu; daughter of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

 

  1. Those that marry into the Ahlul Bayt and remain noble are truly honourable.

 

  1. Question: If this was to do with the Ahlul Bayt why did Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam say it on the pulpit in front of everyone.

Answer: Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha had told Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam that the talk of the town is that you do not get angry for your daughters. To remove this false notion Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam gave this message from the pulpit.

 

  1. In the narration Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam referred to Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha as part of him. It is for this reason that Imam Shafi’i rahimahu Llah has declared the witness of a father for his child as unacceptable as the child is part of and from the father.

 

  1. Al Miswar ibn Makhramah radiya Llahu ‘anhu says, “It will never reach them, as long as I live”. This is an indication of how important those things that had a connection to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was to the Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum. Imam al Bukhari has brought this under a chapter entitled ‘The chapter that discusses the armour, staff, sword, bowl, and ring of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and the use of these items by the Khalifasʼ which had not been distributed. Also the hair, sandals, and utensil of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam through which the Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum and others sought blessings after his passing’.

 

  1. “For I fear that the people will dominate you over it”. The Ahlul Bayt are held to a higher standard compared to other people when it comes to protecting and furthering the faith. Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala says:

 

يَا نِسَاءَ النَّبِيِّ لَسْتُنَّ كَأَحَدٍ مِّنَ النِّسَاءِ

O wives of the Prophet, you are not like anyone among women.[3]

 

  1. Ibn al Qayyim writes:

 

وفي منع علي من الجمع بين فاطمة -رضي الله عنها- وبين بنت أبي جهل، حكمة بديعة، وهي أن المرأة مع زوجها في درجته تبع له، فإن كانت في نفسها ذات درجة عالية، وزوجها كذلك، كانت في درجة عالية بنفسها وبزوجها، وهذا شأن فاطمة وعلي -رضي الله عنهما- ولم يكن الله عز وجل ليجعل ابنة أبي جهل مع فاطمة -رضي الله عنها- في درجة واحدة لا بنفسها، ولا تبعا، وبينهما من الفرق ما بينهما، فلم يكن نكاحها على سيدة نساء العالمين مستحسنا لا شرعا، ولا قدرا، وقد أشار صلى الله عليه وسلم إلى هذا بقوله: والله لا تجتمع بنت رسول الله، وبنت عدو الله في مكان واحد أبدا،

There remains great wisdom behind the prohibition of ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu marrying the daughter of Abu Jahl whilst married to Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha. A woman is considered to be on the same status as her husband. In this instance, Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha and her husband ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu were considered to be of a very lofty state. Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala did not wish to then place the daughter of Abu Jahl on the same status as Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha when the difference between them is self-evident. This prohibition was therefore borne out of prudence. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam indicated towards this by saying, “By Allah, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah and the daughter of the enemy of Allah will never unite [in the wedlock of the same man].”[4]

 

NEXT⇒  The Eighth Narration


[1] Sahih al Bukhari, Hadith: 2943.

[2] Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 4483.

[3] Surah al Ahzab: 32.

[4] Zad al Ma’ad, vol. 5 pg. 107.

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