Say: O Allah I beseech you with the right of Muhammad and the family of Muhammad

Wisdom was divided. Nine parts of it was placed in ‘Ali and one part in the rest of mankind
March 5, 2019
The most beloved person to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was Fatimah; and ‘Ali from the men
March 5, 2019

BACK⇒ Return to Table of contents

Say: O Allah I beseech you with the right of Muhammad and the family of Muhammad

 

عن علي قال سألت النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم عن قول الله فَتَلَقّىٰ آدَمُ مِنْ رَّبِّهِ كَلِمَاتٍ فَتَابَ عَلَيْهِ فقال إن الله أهبط آدم بالهند و حواء بجدة و إبليس ببيسان و الحية بأصبهان و كان اللحية قوائم كقوائم البعير و مكث آدم بالهند مائة سنة باكيا على خطيئته حتى بعث الله إليه جبريل و قال يا آدم ألم أخلقك بيدي ألم أنفخ فيك من روحي ألم أسجد لك ملائكتي ألم أزوجك حواء أمتي قال بلى قال فما هذا البكاء قال و ما يمنعني من البكاء و قد أخرجت من جوار الرحمن قال فعليك بهؤلاء الكلمات فإن الله قابل توبتك و غافر ذنبك قل اللهم إني أسألك بحق محمد و آل محمد سبحانك لا إله إلا أنت عملت سوءا و ظلمت نفسي فاغفر لي إنك أنت الغفور الرحيم اللهم إني أسألك بحق محمد و آل محمد سبحانك لا إله إلا أنت عملت سوءا و ظلمت نفسي فتب علي إنك أنت التواب الرحيم فهؤلاء الكلمات التي تلقى آدم

On the authority of ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu:

I enquired from Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam about Allah’s declaration: Then Adam received from his Lord [some] words, and He accepted his repentance.[1]

He explained:

Allah lowered Adam in India, Hawwa’ in Jeddah, Iblis in Baysan, and the snake in Asbahan. The snake had legs like the legs of a camel. Nonetheless, Adam remained in India for a hundred years crying over his sin until Allah sent Jibril to him saying, “O Adam! Did I not create you with My own hand? Did I not blow into you My soul? Did I not make My angels prostrate before you? Did I not marry Hawwa’ of My ummah to you?”

Adam replied, “Most definitely.”

“So why this sobbing?” he enquired.

Adam explained, “Why should I not weep when I have been removed from the neighbourhood of al Rahman?”

Allah said, “Preserve and read these words, Allah will accept your repentance and forgive your sin. Say: O Allah I beseech you with the right of Muhammad and the family of Muhammad. You are glorified. There is no deity besides You. I have committed wrong and wronged myself so forgive me. Indeed, you are the Most Forgiving, Most Merciful. O Allah I beseech you with the right of Muhammad and the family of Muhammad. You are glorified. There is no deity besides You. I have committed wrong and wronged myself so relent to me. Indeed, You are ever Relenting, most Merciful.” These are the words Adam received.

 

Al Daylami documented it in Musnad al Firdaws with an extremely weak sanad. Al Suyuti made this classification.[2]

Al Daraqutni (and Ibn al Jawzi in a similar manner) and others narrate from Hussain al Ashqar‘Amr ibn Thabit narrated to us — from his father — from Sa’id ibn Jubayr — from Ibn ‘Abbas.[3]

‘Amr ibn Thabit is not a thiqah (reliable). In fact, Ibn Hibban says, “He was of those who would narrate mawdu’at (fabrications). It is not permissible to mention his name except for the sake of anaylisis.”

Al Hussain ibn Hassan al Ashqar is da’if (weak). Some have even accused him of lying.

Ibn al Jawzi, al Suyuti, Ibn ‘Iraq, and al Shawkani mention this hadith in their respective works on mawdu’at (fabrications).[4]

 

Next⇒ The most beloved person to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was Fatimah; and ‘Ali from the men


[1] Surah al Baqarah: 37.

[2] Al Durr al Manthur vol. 1 pg. 147.

[3] Ibn al Jawzi: Kitab al Mawdu’at, 2/3.

[4] Ibn al Jawzi: Kitab al Mawdu’at, 2/3; al Suyuti: al La’ali al Masnu’ah, 1/369 and al Ziyadat ‘Ala al Mawdu’at, 1/245; Ibn ‘Iraq: Tanzih al Shari’ah, 1/395; al Shawkani: al Fawa’id al Majmu’ah, hadith no. 341.

Back to top