Chapter Ten – The Status of the Transmitters of the Rawafid – Section One: The Rafidi narrators impugned in their credible transmitter dictionaries.

Chapter Nine – The Lament of the Ahlul Bayt About the Abundance of Liars Against them From Those Who Claim to be their Shia
December 1, 2021
Section Two – A Detailed Analyses Regarding some Rafidi Transmitters from their Credible Transmitter Dictionaries
December 2, 2021

BACK Return to Table of contents

 

Chapter Ten

The Status of the Transmitters of the Rawafid

 

Herein there will be three sections:

Section One: The Rafidi narrators impugned in their credible transmitter dictionaries.

Section Two: A detailed analyses regarding some Rafidi transmitters from their credible books.

Section Three: The unknown narrators in the books of the Rawafid

 

Section One

The Rafidi Narrators who have been Impugned in their Reliable Books

 

The statements of al Hurr al ‘Amili and al Tusi have passed already regarding the gradings of their narrators:

Al Hurr al ‘Amili says:

 

ودعوى بعض المتأخرين أن الثقة بمعنى العدل الضابط ممنوعة وهو مطالب بدليلها.وكيف وهم مصرحون بخلافها حيث يوثقون من يعتقدون فسقه وكفره وفساد مذهبه

And the claim of some later scholars that Thiqah (reliable) means an upright retainer is unacceptable, and he will be required to furnish evidence for that. For how can that be the case when the scholars have stated contrary to that, for they approbate even an individual whom they believe to be a sinner and an adherent of a false dogma.[1]

 

And he also says:

 

وأصحاب الاصطلاح الجديد قد اشترطوا في الراوي العدالة فيلزم من ذلك ضعف جميع أحاديثنا لعدم العلم بعدالة أحد منهم إلا نادرا

The scholars of the new nomenclature have placed integrity as a requisite in a narrator. This results in all our narrations being weak, due to not knowing of the integrity of their narrators but very rarely.[2]

 

And he says:

 

ومن المعلوم قطعا أن الكتاب التي أمروا عليهم السلام بها كان كثير من رواتها ضعفاء ومجاهيل وكثير منها مراسيل

And it is also a categorical fact that the books which the Imams ordered us (to adhere to), many of their narrators are weak and unknown people, and many of their narrations are Marasil (consisting of inconsistent chains).[3]

 

And he also says:

 

ومثله يأتي في رواية الثقات الاجلاء كأصحاب الاجماع ونحوهم عن الضعفاء والكذابين والمجاهيل حيث يعلمون حالهم ويروون عنهم ويعملون بحديثهم ويشهدون بصحته

This also appears to be true in the narrations of prominent reliable narrators, like the people of consensus and others, from weak narrators, liars, and unknown people. For they knew their conditions, but still narrated from them, practiced upon their narrations, and attested to their authenticity.[4]

 

And their scholar al Tusi says:

 

إن كثيرا من مصنفي أصحابنا وأصحاب الأصول ينتحلون المذاهب الفاسدة وإن كانت كتبهم معتمدة

Many of the authors from our scholars and the authors of the principal sources subscribed to false dogmas, even though their books are reliable.[5]

 

These are some of the crucial statements that have passed already…

Now we present a brief biography of some of the transmitters of the Rawafid from their reliable transmitter dictionaries. These are the transmitters whom the Imamiyyah rely upon in their narrations; they were the people who sat [allegedly] with the Imams, heard their narrations, and thereafter transmitted them to the people. This means that they are the men whom the Imami Shia have entrusted with the trust of their Din, and it is them through whose transmission the Imami scholars collated their narrations and with whose narrations they authored books and compilations.

But the tragedy unfolds when it becomes clear that these people were the biggest liars and had the worst of character, and that they were the scum of the masses and the least of them in Din and dignity.

Furthermore, the Rawafid accepted the narrations of the Fathiyyah[6] like ‘Abdullah ibn Bukayr and others, and the narrations of the Waqifiyyah[7] like Sama’ah ibn Mihran and others, whereas the Waqifiyyah and the Fathiyyah are disbelievers according to them!

Likewise, they have practiced upon the narrations of the Nawusiyyah[8] and the Khattabiyyah,[9] in fact even the narrations of the accursed, the liars, and the sinners; for after being a Shia, affiliation to no creed or dogma is harmful. It is as though the situation of the Shia dictates the following:

 

قل الثقات فما أدري بمن أثق     لم يبق في الناس إلا الزور والملق

The reliable people are little and, thus, I do not know who to trust.

For there remains nothing in the people besides lies and flattery.

 

In presenting these biographies I have relied upon their reliable books like: Rijal al Kashshi, Rijal al Najashi, Rijal Ibn Dawood, Rijal al Hilli, Rijal al Ghada’iri, Rijal al Khu’i, and Rijal al Tusi, amongst many other books.

I have also stated the number of narrations each narrator narrates that appear in their four early canonical works. This is because they enjoy a high ranking according to the Rawafid, as has passed already. And I have presented these biographies in a table so that it is easy to read and study them. I have distributed them into the following categories:

  • The narrators who are accursed in the books of the Shia.
  • The narrators who are liars in the books of the Shia.
  • The Waqifi narrators in the books of the Shia.
  • The Fathi narrators in the books of the Shia.
  • The Khattabi narrators in the books of the Shia.
  • The Nawusi narrators in the books of the Shia.
  • The narrators who consumed intoxicants in the books of the Shia.
  • The unreliable narrators in the books of the Shia.
  • The most reliable narrators of the Shia. They are eighteen narrators who are known as the narrators of consensus.

Hereunder, we present examples of each of these categories:

 

1. The Accursed Narrators in the Books of the Shia

No. Narrator What is said about him Shia Sources No. of narrations in the 4 books
1 Zurarah ibn A’yan Accursed Rijal al Kashshi 1/365 1626
2 Burayd Accursed Rijal al Khu’i, 4/198, 8/248. 74
3 Al Mughirah ibn Sa’id Accursed Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 279; Rijal al Hilli, p. 411. 1
4 Al Hassan ibn ‘Ali Accursed, from the ‘Alya’iyyah who would disparage Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 238; Rijal al Hilli, p. 333 1
5 Al Hassan ibn al Sari Accursed and a liar Rijal al Khu’i, 4/205, 206. 14
6 Faris ibn Hatim al Qazwini Accursed Rijal al Khu’i, 14/260 3
7 Al Hussain ibn Mansur al Hallaj Accursed, and claimed Babiyyah Rijal al Khu’i, 7/103. 1
8
  • Kathir al Nawa
  • Salim ibn Abi Hafsah
  • Ziyad ibn al Mundhir, Abu al Jarud
Abu ‘Abdullah said about them: “Liars, beliers, disbelievers, upon them be the curse of Allah.” Rijal al Khu’i, 8/334. 1-2

 

2-3

 

3-91

9 ‘Urwah ibn Yahya al Baghdadi al Dihqan
  • Accursed, extremist, and a liar
  • Abu Muhammad cursed him and ordered his Shia to curse him.
Rijal al Khu’i, 12/153

Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 303.

12
10 Muhammad ibn Musa al Sharifi
  • Accursed and a liar
  • Accursed and an extremist
Rijal al Khu’i, 18/301, 20/87

Rijal al Hilli, p. 396.

44
11 ‘Ali ibn Hamzah al Bata’ini
  • A liar, a Waqifi
  • Accursed and a liar.
Rijal al Hilli, p. 363.

Rijal al Kashshi, 2/827, no. 1042.

499
12 Yunus ibn ‘Abdur Rahman al Qummi Accursed Rijal al Kashshi, 2/785, no. 940. 134
13 Muhammad ibn Sinan Accursed and a liar Rijal al Kashshi, 2/793, no. 964. 662
14 Safwan ibn Yahya Accursed Rijal al Kashshi, 2/793, entry no. 964, 2/796, no. 978. 993
15 Al Mufaddal ibn ‘Umar al Ju’fi Al Sadiq cursed him Rijal al Kashshi, 2/615, no. 587; 2/612, no. 581. 59
16 Muhammad ibn al Furat Accursed Rijal al Kashshi, 2/829, no. 1048. 3
17 Faris ibn Hatim ibn Mahawayh Accursed and extremist Rijal al Hilli, p. 387. 3
18 Ahmed ibn Hilal al Karkhi Accursed Rijal al Hilli, p. 433. 54
19 Muhammad ibn ‘Ali ibn Bilal Accursed Rijal al Hilli, p. 433 400

The total number of narrations from the accursed transmitters is: 4679.

 

2. The Liars in the Transmitter Dictionaries of the Shia

 

No. Narrator What is said about him Shia Sources Narrations in the 4 Books
1 Jabir ibn Yazid al Ju’fi He was deranged in himself, very seldomly can anything be cited from him in Halal and Haram. Rijal al Najashi, p. 128; Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 235. 288
2 Yunus ibn Zubyan An extremist and a forger Rijal al Khu’i, 21/207. 32
3 Mufaddal ibn Salih Abu Jamilah
  • A liar and a forger
  • He would forge narrations
Dirasat al Hadith wa al Muhaddithin, p. 197; Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 280. 12
4 ‘Amr ibn Shimar, Abu ‘Abdullah al Ju’fi He added narrations to the books of Jabir al Ju’fi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 264. 162
5 Sahl ibn Ziyad al Adami al Razi An extremist and a liar Rijal al Najashi, p. 185 1758
6 Muhammad ibn ‘Ali al Sayrafi, Abu Saminah Notorious for lying and extremism Rijal al Kashshi, 1/823: no. 1023. 415.
7 Salih ibn ‘Uqbah ibn Qais ibn Sam’an From the extremist and the liars Dirasat al Hadith wa al Muhaddithin, p. 196 98
8 Sulaiman ibn ‘Abdullah al Daylami An extremist and a liar Rijal al Najashi, p. 182; Rijal al Hilli, p. 350 1
9 ‘Abdullah ibn al Qasim al Hadrami
  • An extremist and a liar
  • Extremist and insignificant. No attention should be paid to him
Rijal al Najashi, p. 182; Rijal al Hilli, p. 350. 1
10 Salih ibn Suhayl al Hamdani An extremist and a liar. He believed lordship for al Sadiq, and when he visited him, the latter took an oath that he is not a lord. Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 250 9
11 Ishaq ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmed ibn Aban ibn Mirar Corrupt in dogma, liar, and forger of hadith Rijal al Hilli, p. 318; Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 231. 12
12 Sulaiman ibn ‘Amr ibn Dawood al Nakha’i Liar Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 302 3
13 Jafar ibn Sulaiman al Maqarri An extremist and a liar Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 235. 1
14 Salih ibn ‘Uqbah ibn Sam’an A liar, an extremist, and one with many reprehensible narrations Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 250. 99
15 Tahir ibn Hatim ibn Mahawayh al Qazwini An extremist and a liar Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 251; Rijal al Tusi, p. 379. 1
16 ‘Abdur Rahman ibn Kathir A forger Dirasat al Hadith wa al Muhaddithin, p. 194 30
17 ‘Ali ibn Ahmed Abu al Qasim al Kufi An extremist and a liar Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 259. 75
18 ‘Ali ibn Hassan ibn Kathir al Hashimi A liar Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 261 81
19 Furat ibn al Ahnaf An extremist and liar Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 266. 6
20 Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Mihran al Karkhi
  • An extremist, a liar, weak, corrupt in dogma and hadith.
  • A weak narrator who should discarded
Rijal al Hilli, p. 395; Rijal al Kashshi, 2/732: no. 831; Rijal al Tusi, p. 391. 8
21 Muhammad ibn ‘Ali ibn Ibrahim ibn Musa Abu Jafar al Qurashi, his title is Abu Saminah Known for lying, a liar. Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 274: no. 469 3
22 Muhammad ibn al Qasim, and its is said: Ibn Abi al Qasim al Astarabadi, the exegete A liar Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 275:  no. 478. 2
23 Abu Harun al Makfuf A liar Rijal al Kashshi, 2/488: no. 398. 9
24 Jafar ibn Muhammad ibn Malik A liar who forgers hadith Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 235: no. 93. 6
25 ‘Abdullah ibn al Qasim al Hadrami, known as Batal (hero) A liar who has narrated from the extremists. There is no goodness in him, his narration is not worth consideration, and he is nothing. Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 255: no. 285. 2
26 ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abdur Rahman al Asam al Misma’i A weak and extremist narrator, and from the liars of Basrah Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 254: no. 281; Rijal al Ghada’iri, p. 76, 77. 47
27 Wahb ibn Wahb ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Zam’ah, Abu al Bakhtari A liar Rijal al Najashi, p. 430. 15
28 Asad ibn Abi al ‘Ala’ He narrates reprehensible narrations Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 231: no. 88. 1
29 Jafar ibn Ismail al Maqarri An extremist and a liar Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 235:  no. 88. 1
30 Al Mankhal ibn Jamil al Kufi From the known extremists, corrupt in narration, he is nothing, and is accused of extremism Dirasat al Hadith wa al Muhaddithin, p. 198; Rijal al Kashshi, 2/663:  no. 685. 4
31 Abu al ‘Abbas al Tarabani A famous liar and he has been accused of extremism Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 313: no. 18 130
32 Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul ‘Aziz al Zuhri Reprehensible in hadith Rijal Ibn Dawood, 274: no. 18 2
33 Muhammad ibn Musa ibn ‘Isa Abu Jafar al Hamdani al Samman An extremist who forged hadith Rijal Ibn Dawood, 276: no. 487 44
34 Yunus ibn Bahman An extremist Kufi, who forged hadith Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 285: no. 561. 2
35 Salih ibn ‘Uqbah ibn Qais ibn Sam’an ibn Abi Ranihah An extremist liar to who no attention should be paid. Rijal al Khu’i, 10/85 99
36 ‘Abdullah ibn al Qasim al Batal al Harithi al Basri A liar, an extremist, weak, discarded, and one who mention is ignored Rijal al Khu’i, 11/302. 3

 Total number of narrations of liars: 3466

 

3. The Waqifi Narrators in the Transmitter Dictionaries of the Shia

No. Narrator What is Said about him Shia Sources Narrations in the 4 Books
1 Umayyah ibn ‘Amr Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 232: no. 70 5
2 Bakr ibn Muhammad ibn Junah Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 234: no. 82 39
3 Al Qasim ibn Muhammad al Jawhari Waqifi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/748: no. 853 52
4 Ahmed ibn al Hussain al Mithami Waqifi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/768:  no. 890 64
5 ‘Ali ibn Wahban Waqifi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/768: no. 891 1
6 Al Hassan ibn Sama’ah ibn Mihran Waqifi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/768: no. 894 30
7 Zur’ah ibn Muhammad al Hadrami Waqifi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/774: no. 903 292
8 Hannan ibn Sadir Waqifi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/830: no. 1049 161
9 Ibrahim ibn Salih al Anmati Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 226 5
10 Ibrahim ibn ‘Abdul Hamid Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 226 136
11 Ahmed ibn Abi Bashir al Siraj Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 209 3
12 ‘Abdul Karim ibn ‘Amr Waqifi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/830: no. 1049. 46
13 Durust ibn Abi Mansur Waqifi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/830:  no. 1049 34
14 ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Uthman al Hannat Waqifi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/830: no. 1049 12
15 ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa al Ru’asi al Kufi Waqifi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/860; no. 1151 715
16 Ziyad ibn Marwan al Qandi One of the pillars of Waqf Rijal al Kashshi, 2/873: no. 1151 6
17 Hamzah ibn Bazi’ Waqifi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/872:  no. 1147 2
18 Ibrahim ibn Abi Bakr Muhammad ibn al Rabi’

 

Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 226 9
19 Ahmed ibn Ziyad al Khazzaz Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 228 5
20 Ahmed ibn al Mufaddal al Khuza’i Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 229 8
21 ‘Umar ibn Rabah al Qalla’ Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 210 2
22 Ishaq ibn Jarir Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 231 21
23 Ismail ibn ‘Umar ibn Aban Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 231 3
24 Jafar ibn Muhammad ibn Sama’ah al Hadrami Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 210 2
25 Jafar ibn al Muthanna al Khatib Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 235 5
26 Jundub ibn Ayub Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 236 2
27 Muhammad ibn al Hassan ibn Shamun A corrupt Waqifi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/613: no. 584 132
28 Al Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama’ah al Kindi al Sayrafi Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 210 154
29 Al Hussain ibn al Mukhtar al Qalanisi Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 241 1
30 Al Hussain ibn Kaysan Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 241 2
31 Al Hussain ibn Musa Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 241 19
32 Al Hussain ibn Mihran ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Nasr al Sakuni Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 241 1
33 Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar al Taghlibi Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 165 15
34 Humaid ibn Ziyad ibn Hammad ibn Ziyad al Dihqan Waqifi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p.210 115
35 Ahmed ibn al Fadl al Kunasi Waqifi Rijal al Khu’i, 2/200 8
36 Ishaq ibn Jarir Waqifi Rijal al Khu’i, 3/200 21
37 Al Hassan ibn ‘Abdullah Waqifi Rijal al Khu’i, 5/366 6
38 Al Qasim ibn Ismail al Qurashi A Waqifi who’s a liar Rijal al Khu’i, 15/13 3
39 Muhammad ibn Bashir Waqifi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/774: no. 906. 5

 Total narrations of the Waqifis: 2142.

 

4. The Fathi Narrators in the Transmitter Dictionaries of the Shia

No. Narrators What is said about him Shia Sources Narrations in the 4 Books
1 ‘Abdullah Ibn Bukayr ibn A’yan Fathi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/635: no. 639 297
2 Al Hassan ibn ‘Ali ibn Fadal Fathi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/635: no. 639. 207
3 Ahmed ibn al Hassan ibn ‘Ali ibn Fadal Fathi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 228. 200
4 ‘Ali ibn al Hassan ibn ‘Ali Ibn Fadal Fathi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/812: no. 1014 1
5 ‘Ammar ibn Musa al Sabati Fathi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/524: no. 471. 162
6 Yunus ibn Yaqub Fathi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/635: no. 639 287
7 Muawiyah ibn Hakim al Duhni Fathi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/835: no. 1061. 188
8 Muhammad ibn al Walid al Bajali al Khazzaz Fathi Rijal al Kashshi, 1/160: no. 72. 94
9 Musaddiq ibn Sadaqah Fathi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/835:  no. 1062. 311
10 Muhammad ibn Salim ibn ‘Abdul Hamid Fathi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/835: no. 1062 59
11 ‘Ali ibn Hadid Ibn Hakim Fathi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/840:  no. 1078 174
12 ‘Amr ibn Sa’id al Mada’ini Fathi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/869:  no. 1136 343
13 Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar ibn Hayyan Fathi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 48 898
14 ‘Ali ibn Asbat Fathi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/835: no. 1061. 363
15 Yunus ibn ‘Abdullah Fathi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 285 1
16 Yunus ibn ‘Abdur Rahman Mawla ‘Ali ibn Yaqtin Fathi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 285 133
17 ‘Amr ibn Abi al Miqdam Fathi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 312 44
18 Yusuf Ibn Yaqub Fathi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 312 2
19 Iban ibn ‘Uthman Fathi Rijal al Khu’i, 1/146 621
20 ‘Amr ibn Sa’id al Thaqafi Fathi Rijal al Khu’i, 14/112 320

 Total number of narrations of the Fathis: 4705.

 

5. The Khattabi Narrators in the Transmitter Dictionaries of the Shia

No. Narrator What is said about him Shia Sources Narrations in the 4 Books
1 Al Mufaddal ibn ‘Umar al Ju’fi Khattabi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/612. 63
2 Musa ibn Ashyam Khattabi Rijal al Khu’i, 20/21 1
3 Yunus ibn Bahman Khattabi, and an Extremist who would forge narrations Rijal al Khu’i, 21/200 3

Total number of narrations from the Khattabi narrators: 67.

 

6. The Nawusi Narrators in the Transmitter Dictionaries of the Shia

No. Narrator What is said about him Shia Sources Narrations in the 4 Books
1 ‘Anbasah ibn Mus’ab Nawusi Rijal al Kashshi, 2/659: no. 676. 42
2 Aban ibn ‘Uthman al Ahmar Nawusi Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 226; Rijal al Hilli, p. 74. 621
3 ‘Abdullah ibn Abi Zaid Ahmed ibn Yaqub al Anbari Nawusi Rijal al Hilli, p. 194. 1

Total number of narrations from the Nawusi narrators: 664.

 

7. Shia Narrators who Consumed Intoxicants in the Transmitter Dictionaries of the Shia

No. Narrator What is said about him Shia Sources Narrations in the 4 Books
1 Abu Hamzah al Thumali, Thabit ibn Dinar ‘Ali ibn al Hassan ibn Fadal says, “Abu Hamzah would consume Nabidh[10] and was accused of it.” Rijal al Kashshi, 2/455: no. 353. 326
2 ‘Abdullah ibn Abi Ya’fur When pains would befall him and be intense, he would drink a gulp of Nabidh. Rijal al Kashshi, 2/516: no. 459. 63
3 Al Sayed ibn Muhammad al Himyari He would Drink the Nabidh of Rustaq. He said, you mean wine?” I said “Yes. Rijal al Kashshi, 2/570: no. 505 2
4 Muhammad ibn Furat He would drink wine. Rijal al Kashshi, 2/829: no. 1046 3

Total number of narrations from those who consumed intoxicants: 394.

 

8. Narrators who have not Been Approbated in the Transmitter Dictionaries of the Shia

No. Narrator What is said about him Shia Sources Narrations in the 4 Books
1 Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn Mihziyar Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 1/280 1
2 ‘Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Qutaybah Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 2/17 5
3 Ahmed ibn Muhammad ibn Yahya Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 4/228 50
4 Jafar ibn Muhammad ibn Ismail Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 4/102 2
5 Al Qasim ibn Muhammad Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 7/160 360
6 Ahmed ibn Muhammad ibn Yahya Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 7/278 50
7 Al Hussain ibn ‘Alwan Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 7/279 82
8 Khalaf ibn Hammad Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 8/242 61
9 ‘Ali ibn Muhammad al Hussain ibn Qutaybah Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 8/251 3
10 Abu Basir Layth ibn al Bakhtari al Muradi Criticized Rijal al Hilli, p. 235 2110
11 ‘Ali ibn ‘Umar al Mu’ammar Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 8/365 1
12 Jafar ibn Muhammad al Hussaini Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 8/365 1
13 Dawood al Raqqi Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 8/365 58
14 Ahmed Ibn Mihran Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 9/55 3
15 Al Hassan ibn Ahmed ibn Idris Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 9/55 2
16 Muhammad ibn Bahr ibn Sahl al Shaybani Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 9/82 2
17 Ayub ibn A’yan Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 9/118 3
18 Hamzah ibn Muhammad Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 10/38 7
19 Al Hussain ibn Ibrahim Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 10/272 2
20 ‘Abdul Hamid ibn Abi al Daylam Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 11/22 4
21 Jafar ibn Ma’roof Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 20/314 2
22 Al Hassan ibn Musa al Hannat Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 12/18 18
23 ‘Ali ibn al Hassan ibn ‘Abdul Malik Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 12/18 2
24 ‘Ata’ ibn al Sa’ib Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 12/159 3
25 ‘Ali ibn Ribat Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 12/354 11
26 Muhammad ibn Hassan Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 13/80 48
27 Yazid ibn Khalifah Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 14/32 27
28 Muaz al Jawhari Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 14/91 3
29 Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn Ishaq Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 14/103 1
30 Muhammad ibn al Hassan ibn Khalid Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 14/213 6
31 Ahmed ibn Muhammad ibn al Hassan Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 14/253 29
32 ‘Abdullah ibn Rashid Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 14/325 4
33 Asbat ibn Salim Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 15/150 15
34 ‘Abdur Rahman ibn Hammad Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 20/63 47
35 Badr ibn al Walid al Khath’ami Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 21/55 3
36 Al Hussain ibn al Hassan ibn Bundar al Qummi Not approbated Rijal al Khu’i, 23/55 14

Total number of narrations from un-approbated narrations: 3040.

This makes the total number of narrations from those impugned in the books of the Shia: 19157.

These are just some very brief examples of the statuses of some of their transmitters, had it not been for the fear of prolonging the discussion I would have illustrated more. And it is only Allah from Who we seek help.

 

9. The Most Reliable Narrators of the Shia/The Narrators of Consensus[11]

Al Kashshi says:

 

أجمعت العصابة على تصديق هؤلاء الأولين من أصحاب أبي جعفر وأصحاب أبي عبد الله وانقادوا لهم بالفقه فقالوا أفقه الأوّلين ستة زرارة معروف بن خربوذ وبريد وأبو بصير الأسدي والفضيل بن يسار ومحمد بن مسلم الطائفي وقالوا وأفقه الستة زرارة وقال بعضهم مكان أبو بصير الأسدي أبو بصير المرادي وهو ليث بن البختري

The sect has concurred upon confirming the narrations of these early companions of Abu Jafar and the companions of Abu ‘Abdullah ‘alayh al Salam and they have acknowledged jurisprudential ability for them. Hence, they have said, “The greatest jurists of the early people are six: Zurarah, Ma’roof ibn Kharrabudh, Burayd, Abu Basir al Asadi, al Fudayl ibn Yasar, and Muhammad ibn Muslim al Ta’ifi.” And they say, “The greatest jurist of the six is Zurarah.” And some suggest Abu Basir al Asadi instead of Abu Basir al Muradi, and he was Layth ibn al Bakhtari.”[12]

 

And when naming the jurists from the companions of Abu ‘Abdullah ‘alayh al Salam he says:

 

أجمعت العصابة على تصحيح ما يصحّ من هؤلاء وتصديقهم لما يقولون وأقرّوا لهم بالفقه من دون أولئك الستة الذين عددناهم وسمّيناهم ستة نفر جميل بن دراج وعبد الله بن مسكان وعبد الله بن بكير وحماد بن عثمان وحماد بن عيسى وأبان بن عثمان قالوا وزعم أبو اسحاق الفقيه وهو ثعلبة بن ميمون إنّ أفقه هؤلاء جميل بن دراج وهم أحداث أصحاب أبي عبد الله

The sect has concurred upon authenticating what is established from these people and confirming what they have said, and they have acknowledged for them jurisprudential ability, and they are other than the six which have previously mentioned. They are: Jamil ibn Darraj, ‘Abdullah ibn Muskan, ‘Abdullah ibn Bukayr, Hammad ibn ‘Uthman, Hammad ibn ‘Isa, and Aban ibn ‘Uthman. They say, “And Abu Ishaq the jurist, whose name was Tha’labah ibn Maymun, claims that the greatest jurist of them was Jamil ibn Darraj. And these were the young companions of Abu ‘Abdullah ‘alayh al Salam.”[13]

 

And he says the following whilst enumerating the jurists from the companions of Abu Ibrahim and Abu al Hassan al Rida ‘alayh al Salam:

 

جمع أصحابنا على تصحيح ما يصح من هؤلاء وتصديقهم وأقرّوا لهم بالفقه والعلم وهم ستة نفر أُخر دون الستة نفر الذين ذكرناهم في أصحاب أبي عبد الله منهم يونس بن عبد الرحمن وصفوان بن يحيى بياع السابري ومحمد بن أبي عمير وعبد الله بن المغيرة والحسن بن محبوب وأحمد بن محمد بن أبي نصر وقال بعضهم مكان الحسن بن محبوب الحسن بن علي بن فضال وفضالة بن أيوب وقال بعضهم مكان فضالة بن أيوب عثمان بن عيسى وأفقه هؤلاء يونس بن عبد الرحمان وصفوان بن يحيى

Our scholars have concurred upon authenticating what is established from these people and confirming what they have said; and they have acknowledged for them jurisprudential and academic ability, and they are other than the six which we have previously mentioned in the companions of Abu ‘Abdullah ‘alayh al Salam. They are: Yunus ibn ‘Abdur Rahman, Safwan ibn Yahya Bayya’ al Sabiri, Muhammad ibn Abi ‘Umair, ‘Abdullah ibn al Mughirah, al Hassan ibn Mahbub, and Ahmed ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Nasr. And some have suggested al Hassan ibn ‘Ali ibn Fadal and Fadalah ibn Ayub instead of al Hassan ibn Mahbub. And others have suggested ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa in place of Ibn Fadal. And the best jurist in them were Yunus ibn ‘Abdur Rahman and Safwan n ibn Yahya.[14]

 

This is a brief exposition of their statuses from the reliable transmitter dictionaries of the Shia:

No. Narrator Approbation Impugning
1 Zurarah ibn A’yan al Shaybani al Kufi Many narrations regarding the approbation of Zurarah.[15]
  • Al Sadiq says, “Zurarah will not die but astray.” Rijal al Kashshi, 1/365: no. 240.
  • And al Sadiq also says, “Zurarah is worse than the Jews and the Christians and those who say: ‘With Allah is the third of the three.” Rijal al Kashshi, 1/381: no. 267.
2 Ma’roof ibn Kharrabudh al Makki Al Kashshi has cited a narrations which suggests his approbation. 2/471.
  • Al Hilli says, “al Kashshi has narrated about him praise and condemnation.” Rijal al Hilli, p. 278.
  • Ibn Dawood said, “Praiseworthy, al Kashshi has cited praise and criticism about him, and his reliability is more correct.” Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 190
3 Burayd ibn Muawiyah Abu al Qasim al ‘Ijli Approbated by al Hilli: p. 82, and by al Najashi as well, p. 112. Accursed. Rijal al Kashshi, 2/509. And Ibn Dawood said, “The assumption of some of our companions is bad about him.” Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 233.
4 Al Fudayl ibn Yasar The authors of the credible transmitter dictionaries have approbated him.
5 Muhammad ibn Muslim al Ta’ifi al Kufi Al Najashi has approbated him: p. 324; and so has al Hilli: p. 251, and Ibn Dawood: p. 184 Accursed. Rijal al Kashshi, 1/394.
6 Abu Basir ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad al Asadi Al Najashi has approbated him: p. 226 He would accuse the Imam after reaching the culmination of knowledge. Rijal al Kashshi, 1/409.
7 Abu Basir Layth ibn al Bakhtari al Muradi Ibn Dawood has approbated him: p. 214.
  • The Imam would get irritated with him, and the companions of the Imams have differed about him. Rijal al Kashshi, 1/397.
  • There is praise and criticism about him and the Imam would get agitated with him. Al Hilli has said about him, “According to him the criticism is directed to his Din and not to his hadith.” Rijal al Hilli, p. 235.
8 Jamil ibn Darraj al Nakha’i Al Kashshi has approbated him: p. 2/471, and so have: al Najashi: p. 126, al Hilli: p. 92, and Ibn Dawood: p. 66. Initially a Waqifi thereafter he retracted. Al Ghaybah of al Tusi, p. 71.
9 ‘Abdullah ibn Muskan al ‘Anazi Al Kashshi has approbated him: 2/680, and Ibn Dawood: 124. It is said, “He narrated from Abu ‘Abdullah but is not a good retainer,” Rijal al Najashi, p. 214.
10 ‘Abdullah ibn Bukayr ibn A’yan al Kufi None of the scholars of the credible transmitter dictionaries have approbated him. A Fathi. Rijal al Khu’i, 11/130, 132; Rijal al Kashshi, 2/635: no. 639.
11 Hammad ibn ‘Isa al Juhani Only Ibn Dawood has approbated him: p. 84
  • He doubted the narrations of the Imam and discarded some of them. Rijal al Khu’i, 7/237.
  • He doubted the narrations of the Imam, a Waqifi who later retracted. Al Ghaybah of al Tusi: p. 71.
  • He doubted the narrations of Imam and discarded some of them: Rijal al Kashshi, 2/604; Rijal al Najashi, p. 142: no. 370.
12 Hammad ibn ‘Uthman al Nab Approbated by al Hilli: p. 125; Ibn Dawood: p. 84.
13 Aban ibn ‘Uthman al Ahmar al Bajali
  • From the liars and the Nawusiyyah. Rijal al Kashshi, 2/640: no. 659, 60.
  • He was from the Nawusiyyah, and better according to me is to accept his narration even though he is corrupt in dogma. Rijal al Hilli, p. 74.
  • Some of our scholars have mentioned that he is from the Nawusiyyah. Rijal ibn Dawood, p. 30.
14 Yunus ibn ‘Abdur Rahman Mawla ‘Ali ibn Yaqtin Al Hilli has approbated him: p. 296, and so has Ibn Dawood: p. 207, and al Najashi, p. 446.
  • Praise and criticism both are said about him. Rijal al Najashi, 446.
  • The Qummis have criticized him, but he is reliable according to me. Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 207.
15 Safwan ibn Yahya al Bajali Bayya’ al Sabiri Al Najashi has approbated him: p. 197, and so has al Hilli: p. 170, and Ibn Dawood: p. 111. The Imam has cursed him, but that was by was of Taqiyyah. Rijal al Khu’i, 17/163, 10/139.
16 Muhammad ibn Abi ‘Umair al Azdi al Baghdadi Al Najashi has approbated him: p. 326, and so has al Hilli: p. 239, and Ibn Dawood, p. 159.
17 ‘Abdullah ibn al Mughirah Abu Muhammad al Bajali Al Najashi has approbated him: p. 215. He was a Waqifi and then repented. Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 124.
18 Ahmed ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Nasir al Bazanti al Kufi Al Khu’i has approbated him: 2/17.
  • He narrates the narrations of interpolation of the Qur’an. Rijal al Kashshi, 2/853.
  • He narrates the interpolation of the Qur’an, and al Khu’i has not criticized the sanad of the narration. Rijal al Khu’i, 3/17.
19 Al Hassan ibn Mahbub al Sarrad al Kufi Al Hilli has approbated him: p. 97, and so had Ibn Dawood: p. 77. Al Kashshi says, “Our companions suspect him in his narrations from Abu Hamzah.” Rijal al Kashshi, 2/799.
20 Al Hassan ibn ‘Ali ibn Fadal Al Tusi has deemed him reliable in al Fihrist: p. 98.
  • A Fathi but he retracted at the time of his death. Rijal al Kashshi, 2/837: no. 1067.
  • Al Hassan his entire life was famous as a Fathi. Rijal al Najashi, p. 35.
  • Fathi who retracted at the time of death. Rijal al Hilli, p. 98.
  • He was a Fathi who retracted before his demise. Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 76.
21 Fadalah ibn Ayub al Azdi Approbated by al Kashshi: p. 638: no. 653, and al Najashi: p. 310, and al Hilli: p. 230, and Ibn Dawood: p. 151: no. 1191.
22 ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa al Ru’asi al ‘Amiri Not approbated
  • He was a Waqifi who took the wealth of Imam Musa whereafter al Rida became upset with him. Thereafter he repented and sent the wealth of his father to him. Rijal al Kashshi, 2/860: entry no. 1117.
  • He was the Sheikh of Waqifah and its leader. And he was a representative who exclusively administered the wealth of Musa ibn Jafar ‘alayh al Salam. Rijal Ibn Dawood, p. 258.

 

NEXT⇒ Section Two – A Detailed Analyses Regarding some Rafidi Transmitters from their Credible Transmitter Dictionaries


[1] Wasa’il al Shia, 30/260.

[2] Ibid., 30/260.

[3] Wasa’il al Shia, 30/244.

[4] Wasa’il al Shia, 30/206.

[5] Al Fihrist, p. 32.

[6] They believe in the Imamah of ‘Abdullah ibn Jafar ibn Muhammad. They have been given this name because it is said that he was broad headed, or as some say: broad legged. And some say that they are attributed to a prominent leader from Kufah whose name was ‘Abdullah ibn Fatih. Refer to: Firaq al Shia of al Nawbakhti, p. 78; Rijal al Kashshi, 2/524; Maqalat al Islamiyyin, p. 28; Minhaj al Sunnah, 2/482; Rijal al Khaqani, p. 132.

[7] Also known as the Kilab Mamturah, a sect of the Shia. They believe in Imamah until Jafar al Sadiq. They claim that Jafar had explicitly appointed his son Musa as the Imam and that Musa is alive and has not passed on. Hence, they terminate the line of Imamah at him and do not continue the line of Imamah thereafter till the remaining of the twelve. They say that he will not die till he rules upon the land. They are also known as the Kilab Mamturah. This is because Yunus ibn ‘Abdur Rahman debated with them and he said, “You are more insignificant to me than the Kilab Mamturah.” And Kilab Mamturah is a word used by the Persians to refer to a rejected and banished person. Despite that they approbated them and practiced upon their narrations, thereby ignoring the statement of their Imam as per their narrations. Hence, they narrate that al Rida was asked regarding the Waqifah and he said, “They live in confusion and they die as heretics.” Refer to Firaq al Shia of al Nawbakhti, p. 81; Rijal al Kashshi, 2/756; Fa’iq al Maqal, p. 95; Maqalat al Islamiyyin, p. 28; Minhaj al Sunnah, 3/483.

[8] They stop at Jafar ibn Muhammad al Sadiq and do not continue with the line of Imamah till the Twelfth Imam. They have dubbed with this name due to a person with the name Nawus. It is also averred that they are attributed to a village called Nawus. And they claim that al Sadiq is alive and that he will not die till he emerges and that he is the Mahdi, and not anyone else. Refer to: Firaq al Shia of al Nawbakhti, p. 68; Fa’iq al Maqal, p. 95; Rijal al Khaqani, p. 93; Maqalat al Islamiyyin, p. 25; al Milal wa al Nihal, 1/161.

[9] They are the followers of Abu al Khattab Muhammad ibn Abi Zainab al Asadi al Ajda’, the freed slave of the Banu Asad. He is the one who attributed himself to Abu ‘Abdullah Jafar ibn Muhammad al Sadiq. And when the latter came to learn of his extremism he disassociated from him, cursed him, and ordered his followers to disavow him. He very severely emphasized that and exaggerated in disavowing him and cursing him. Hence, when Abu al Khattab became isolated from him, he claimed Imamah for himself. He would believe that the Imams are first prophets and thereafter gods, and he believed that Jafar ibn Muhammad and his forefathers were deities, and that they were the sons of Allah and his beloveds. He believed that godship is a light of prophethood and that prophethood is a light. Refer to al Milal wa al Nihal, 1/172; Fa’iq al Maqal, 2/232.

[10] Intoxicant made of dates.

[11] Muhammad ‘Ali al Mu’allim mentions, ‘The people of consensus’ refer to a group of jurists from the companions of the Imams ‘alayh al Salam. Their number is between eighteen and twenty-two men. There is consensus about their credibility, their jurisprudential prowess, and their academic standing. Hence, there is no contention regarding their reliability and his jurisprudence in himself. See: Usul al Rijal bayn al Nazariyyah wa al Tatbiq, 2/100.

[12] Rijal al Kashshi, 2/507.

[13] Rijal al Kashshi, 2/673.

[14] Rijal al Kashshi, 2/830, 831.

[15] Refer for some of these narrations to the previous discussion, and also for narrations which condemn him.

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