40. ‘Uthman’s rank to Allah due to the calamity that befell him and him being from the residents of Jannat

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40. ‘Uthman’s rank to Allah due to the calamity that befell him and him being from the residents of Jannat

 

وَبِهِ قَالَ القَطِيْعِيُّ: حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الجَبَّارِ، حَدَّثَنَا الحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الذَارِعُ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ المُؤْمِنِ بْنُ عَبَّادٍ العَبْدِيُّ، حَدَّثَنِي يَزِيْدُ بْنُ مَعْنٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ شُرَحْبِيْلَ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَبِي أَوْفَى، قَالَ: دَخَلْتُ عَلَى رَسُوْلِ اللهِ   مَسْجِدَهُ، فَذَكَرَ حَدِيْثَ مُؤآخَاتِهِ بَيْنَ أَصْحَابِهِ، ثُمَّ دَعَا عُثْمَانَ، فَقَالَ: ادْنُ يَا أبَا عَمْرٍو، وَادْنُ يَا أَبَا عَمْرٍو، فَلَمْ يَزَلْ يَدْنُو مِنْهُ حَتَّى أَلْصَقَ رُكْبَتَيْهِ بِرُكْبَتَيْهِ، فَنَظَرَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ   إِلَى السَّمَاءِ، فَقَالَ: سُبْحَانَ اللهِ العَظِيْمِ، ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ، ثُمَّ نَظَرَ إِلَى عُثْمَانَ وَكَانَتْ إِزَارُهُ مَحْلُوَلَةً، فَزَرَّهَا رَسُوْلُ اللهِ   بِيَدِهِ، ثُمَّ قَالَ: اجْمَعْ عِطْفَي رِدَائِكَ عَلَى نَحْرِكَ، ثُمَّ إِنَّ لَكَ لَشَأْنٌ فِي أَهْلِ السَّمَاءِ، أَنْتَ مِمَّنْ يَرِدُ عَلَى حَوْضِي وَأْوَدَاجُهُ تَشْخَبُ دَمًا، فَأَقُوْلُ: مَنْ فَعَلَ بِكَ هَذَا؟ فَيَقُوْلُ : فُلَانٌ وَفُلَانٌ، فِي ذَلِكَ كَلَامُ جِبْرِيْلَ، إِذَا هَاتِفٌ يَهْتِفُ مِنْ السَّمَاءِ، فَقَالَ: أَلَا إِنَّ عُثْمَانَ أَمِيْرٌ عَلَى كُلِّ مَخْذُوْلٍ، ثُمَّ تَنَحَّى عُثْمَان

  1. Al Qati’i states—Ahmed ibn al Hussain ibn ‘Abdul Jabbar narrated to us—Hussain ibn Muhammad al Dhari’ narrated to us—’Abdul Mu’min ibn ‘Abbad al ‘Abdi narrated to us—Yazid ibn Ma’n narrated to us—from ‘Abdullah ibn Shurahbil—from Zaid ibn Abi Aufa:

I entered the Masjid of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and he mentioned how he established bonds of brotherhood between his Companions. He then called ‘Uthman and said, “Come closer Abu ‘Amr, come closer Abu ‘Amr,” and continued saying so until his knees touched the knees of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam then looked to the heavens and said, “Glory is to Allah, the Most Exalted,” three times. He then looked at ‘Uthman, whose loincloth was lose, so the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam tied it with his own hands. He then said, “Gather the edge of your loincloth on your neck. Verily you have a matter amongst the inhabitants of the heavens. You will come to me at the pound and blood is flowing form your jugular veins. I will ask, ‘Who did this to you?’ And he will say, ‘So and so,’ in this in the words of Jibril.[1] A call will be made from the heavens and say, ‘‘Uthman is the leader upon every betrayed one.’ Then ‘Uthman withdrew. [2]

 

وَبِهِ قَالَ القَطِيْعِيُّ: حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيْدُ بْنُ هَارُوْنَ، أَخْبَرَنَا فَرَجُ بْنُ فَضَالَةَ، عَنْ مَرْوَانَ بْنِ أَبِي أُمَيَّةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ سَلَامٍ، قَالَ: أَتَيْتُ عُثْمَانَ وَهُوَ مَحْصُوْرٌ أُسَلِّمُ عَلَيْهِ، فَقَالَ: مَرْحَبًا بِأَخِي ، مَرْحَبًا بِأَخِي، مَا يَسُرُّنِي بِأَنَّكَ بِذَاكَ وَلَا أُحَّدِثُكَ مَا رَأَيْتُ اللَّيْلَةَ فِي المَنَامِ؟ قُلْتُ: بَلَى ، قَالَ: رَأَيْتُ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ   فِي هَذِهِ الخَوْخَةِ، وَإِذَا خَوْخَةٌ فِي البَيْتِ، فَقَالَ: حَصَرُوْكَ؟ قُلْتُ: نَعَمْ، قَالَ: أَعْطَشُوْكَ؟ قُلْتُ: نَعَمْ، قَالَ: نَاوَلَنِي دَلْوًا مِنْ مَاءٍ، فَشَرِبْتُ مِنْهُ حَتَّى رَوِيْتُ، فَإِنِّي لَأَجِدُ بَرْدَهُ بَيْنَ كَتِفَيَّ وَبَيْنَ ثَدْيَيَّ، قَالَ: إِنْ شِئْتَ نُصِرْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَإِنْ شِئْتَ أَفْطَرْتَ عِنْدَنَا، فَاخْتَرْتُ أَنْ أُفْطِرَ عِنْدَهُ، قَالَ: فَقُتِلَ فِي ذَلِكَ اليَوْمِ رَحِمَهُ اللهِ.

  1. Al Qati’i states—’Abdullah narrated to us—my father narrated to me—Yazid ibn Harun narrated to us—Faraj ibn Fudalah informed us—from Marwan ibn Abi Ummayah—from ‘Abdullah ibn Salam:

I came to ‘Uthman when he was besieged and greeted him.

‘Uthman said, “Welcome my brother, I am delighted it is you[3] and should I not inform you what I dreamt of last night?”

I said, “Certainly.”

‘Uthman said, “I saw the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam in this door and it was in the house. The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said (to me), ‘Did they besiege you?’ and I said, ‘Yes.’ The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘Did they deprive you of water?’ I said, ‘Yes.’ The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam handed me a cup of water and I drank from it until I was quenched. I can still feel the coldness of the water between my shoulders and chest. The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘If you wish you will be aided against them or if you wish you can break your fast with us.’ I chose to break my fast with him.’”

‘Abdullah ibn Salam said, “He was murdered that very day, may Allah have mercy on him.”[4]

 

وَبِهِ قَالَ القَطِيْعِيُّ: أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ القَاضِي، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ دَاوُدَ التَّمَّارُ الوَاسِطِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُوْسَى، عَنْ الذِيَّالِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ  : سَأَلْتُ رَبِّي [لِأَصْهَارِي] الجَنَّةَ فَأَعْطَانِيْهَا البَتَّة.

  1. Al Qati’i states—Muhammad ibn Ahmed al Qadi narrated to us—Muhammad ibn Yahya narrated to us—’Abdullah ibn Dawood al Tammar al Wasiti narrated to us—Muhammad ibn Musa narrated to us—from Al Dhiyyal ibn ‘Amr—from Ibn ‘Abbas:

The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “I asked my Lord to grant my [sons-in-law][5] Paradise and I was definitely given my request.”[6]

 

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The collection of forty narrations on the virtues of Sayyidina ‘Uthman radiya Llahu ‘anhu is now complete. It was compiled by the most insignificant slave of Allah, Abu ‘Abdullah Muhammad ibn Mahmud ibn al Ḥasan al Hadiri. May Allah have all his wishes fulfilled and His blessings reach him. Transcribed from the original copy of the author—may Allah have mercy on him—on the 17 Muharram 599 A.H.

 

 


[1] This is how it appears in the original, and in the published version, it is “So and so, and this is the speech of Jibril.”

[2] The isnad is Da’if. Al Qati’i reports it in Zawa’id ‘ala Fada’il al Sahabah (871) from Ahmed ibn al Hussain ibn ‘Abdul Jabbar with this chain. Al Bukhari narrates in al Tarikh al Awsat (786) from Hassan ibn Hassan—from Ibrahim ibn Bishr—from Yahya ibn Ma’in al Madani, perhaps Ma’n was intended—and Allah knows best—from Ibrahim al Qurashi—from Sa’d ibn Shurahbil—from Zaid ibn Abi Aufa; then he said, “This isnad is unknown and has nor corroborations. It is not established that any of them heard from each other. Some narrate from Ismail ibn Abi Khalid from ‘Abdullah ibn Abi Aufa from the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and this has no source.” Al Dhahabi adds in al Mizan (7/221), “Yahya ibn Ma’n al Madani from Sa’d ibn Shurahbil, Majhul, as well as his teacher.”

[3] This is how it appears in the original. In the published Fada’il al Sahabah (792) it reads, “You are behind yourself.” In Tarikh Dimashq under the biography of Amir al Mu’minin ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan (394) it has, “It will not please me that I was behind you.”

[4]The isnad is Da’if. Imam Ahmed narrates it in Fada’il al Sahabah (792) from Yazid ibn Harun with this chain. In the chain is Faraj ibn Fudalah, who  was previously mentioned under narration 7. The best narration in this regard is Mursal narrations of Nafi’. Check footnote under narration 21.

[5] This is a necessary addition; the narration will not be understood if omitted. I transmitted it from Fada’il al Sahabah.

[6] The isnad is Da’if. Al Qati’i in reported it in Zawa’id ‘ala Fada’il al Sahabah (870) from Muhammad ibn Ahmed al Burani with this chain. In the chain is ‘Abdullah ibn Dawood al Attar, who is a considered weak by the scholars of Hadith. Al Bukhari said, “There is scepticism about him.” Tahdhib al Tahdhib 2/327. Al Qati’i also narrates with his chain from Anas, but in this alternate chain he again narrates from ‘Abdullah ibn Dawood.

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