36. Killing ‘Uthman unjustly opened the door of civil strife upon this nation. The perfection of ‘Uthman generosity and the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam making Du’a for him

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36. Killing ‘Uthman unjustly opened the door of civil strife upon this nation. The perfection of ‘Uthman generosity and the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam making Du’a for him

 

وَبِهِ قَالَ القَطِيْعِيُّ: حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ، حَدَّثَنِي إِبْرَاهِيْمُ بْنُ سَعِيْدٍ الطَبَرِيُّ الجَوْهَرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيْدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الوَرَّاقُ، حَدَّثَنَا فُضَيْلُ بْنُ غَزْوَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو المُغِيْرَةِ الذُهْلِيُّ، حَدَّثَنِي فُلْفُلَةَ،  قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ الحَسَنَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ يَقُولُ: رَأَيْتُ رَسُوْلَ اللهِ   فِي المَنَامِ مُتَعَلِقًا بِالعَرْشِ، ثُمَّ رَأَيْتُ أبَا بَكْرٍ أَخَذَ بِحَقْوَيِّ رَسُوْلِ اللهِ  ، ثُمَّ رَأَيْتُ عَمَرَ أَخَذَ بِحَقْوَيِّ أَبِي بَكْرٍ، ثَمَّ رَأَيْتُ عُثْمَانَ أَخَذَ بِحَقْوَيِّ عُمَرَ، ثُمَّ رَأَيْتُ الدَمَ مُنْصَبًا مِنْ السَّمَاءِ إِلَى الأَرْضِ، فَحَدَّثَ الحَسَنُ بِهَذَا الحَدِيْثِ وَعِنْدَهُ نَاسٌ مِنْ الشِّيْعَةِ، فَقَالُوْا: مَا رَأَيْتَ عَلِيًا؟ قَالَ: مَا كَانَ أَحَدٌ أَحَبَّ إِلَيَّ أَنْ أَرَاهُ آخِذًا بِحَقْوَيِّ رَسُوْلِ اللهِ   مِنْ عَلِيٍّ، وَلَكِنْ إِنَّمَا هِيَ رُؤْيَا، فَقَالَ عُقْبَةُ بِنْ عَمْرٍو [أَبُو مَسْعُوْدٍ]: وَإِنَّكُم لِتَجِدُوْنَ عَلَى الحَسَنِ فِي رُؤْيَا رَآهَا؟! لَقَدْ كُنْتُ مَعَ رَسُوْلِ اللهِ   وَنَحْنُ غُزَاةٌ قَدْ أَصَابَ المُسْلِمِيْنَ جَهْدٌ شَدِيْدٌ، حَتَّى عُرِفَتْ الكَآبَةُ فِي وُجُوْهِ المُسْلِمِيْنَ وَالفَرَحُ فِي وُجُوْهِ المُنَافِقِيْنَ، فَلَمَّا رَأَى ذَلِكَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ   قَالَ: وَاللهِ لَا تَغِيْبُ الشُمْسُ حَتَّى يَأْتَيِكُمْ اللهُ بِرِزْقٍ، فَعَلِمَ عُثْمَانُ أَنَّ اللهَ وَرَسُوْلَهُ يَصْدُقَانِ، فَوَجَّهَ رَاحِلَتَهُ، فَإِذَا هُوَ بِأَرْبَعِ [عَشْرَةِ] رَاحِلَةٍ،  فَاشْتَرَاهَا وَمَا عَلَيْهَا مِنْ طَعَامٍ، فَوَجَّهَ مِنْهَا سَبْعًا إِلَى رَسُوْلِ اللهِ  ، وَوَجَّهَ بِسْبْعٍ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ، فَلَمَّا رَأَى المُسْلِمُوْنَ العِيْرَ قَدْ جَاءَتْ، فَعُرِفَ الفَرَحُ فِي وُجُوْهِ المُؤْمِنِيْنَ وَالكَآبَةُ فِي وُجُوْهِ المُنَافِقِيْنَ، فَقَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ  : مَا هَذَا؟ قَالَوا: أَرْسَلَ بِهَا عُثْمَانُ هَدِيَةً لَكَ، قَالَ: فَرَأَيْتُهُ رَافِعًا يَدَيْهِ يَدْعُو لِعُثْمَانَ، مَا سَمِعْتُهُ يَدْعُو لِأَحَدٍ قَبْلَهُ وَلَا بَعْدَهُ: اللَّهُمَّ أَعْطِ عُثْمَانَ وَافْعَلْ بِعُثْمَانَ، رَافِعًا يَدَيْهِ حَتَّى رَأَيْتُ بَيَاضَ إِبْطَيْه

  1. Al Qati’i states—’Abdullah ibn Ahmed narrated to us—Ibrahim ibn Sa’id al Tabari al Jawhari narrated to us—Sa’id ibn Muhammad al Warraq narrated to us—Fudayl ibn Ghazwan narrated to us—Abu al Mughirah al Dhuhli narrated to us—Fulfulah narrated to me:

Hassan ibn ‘Ali said, “I saw the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam leaning on the ‘Arsh in my sleep. I then saw Abu Bakr clutching the knot of the Prophet’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam loincloth. I then saw ‘Umar clutching the knot of Abu Bakr’s loincloth. I then saw ‘Uthman clutching the knot of ‘Umar’s loincloth. I then saw blood pouring from the sky.”

Hassan narrated this and in attendance were some Shia, they said, “Did you not see ‘Ali?”

Hassan answered, “There is no one I would like to see more clutching the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam than ‘Ali, but this is a dream.”

‘Uqbah ibn ‘Amr [Abu Mas’ud][1] said, “You find it hard to accept the dream of Hassan? [Let me realte to you something then] I was with the Prophet on an expedition and the Muslims suffered tremendously, until the despair was manifest on the face of the Muslims and glee on the faces of the hypocrites. When the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam saw this he said, ‘By Allah, the sun will not set until sustenance arrives.’ ‘Uthman knew Allah and His Messenger were telling the truth. He went with his conveyance and came across a caravan of fourteen[2]. He bought it and all the food they had, sending seven to his family and seven to the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

When the Companions saw the caravan coming, the faces of the Companions lit up and the faces of hypocrites darkened with despair.

The Prophet asked, “What is this?”

They said, “‘Uthman sent it as a gift.”

I saw the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam raising his hands and invoking prayer for ‘Uthman. I have never seen before nor after that incident, the Prophet invoking prayers for someone as he did for ‘Uthman, saying, “O Allah give ‘Uthman, O Allah do this for ‘Uthman; keeping his hands up until the whiteness of his armpits could be seen.”[3]

 

NEXT⇒ 37. The reverence of ‘Ali, Aisha, and many other Companions for ‘Uthman; and their strong condemnation of his murder


[1] The original has the name “‘Uqbah ibn ‘Amr and Abu Mas’ud,” what we have stated is correct.

[2] The original has “ten” what we have stated is correct.

[3] The isnad is Da’if. ‘Abdullah narrates it in Zawa’id ‘ala Fada’il al Sahabah (287) from Ibrahim ibn Sa’id al Tabari. In the chain is Sa’id ibn Muhammad al Warraq, who was deemed unreliable by Yahya ibn Ma’in, Ahmed ibn Hanbal, al Nasa’i , Abu Dawood, and others. Tahdhib al Tahdhib 2/40. Al Tabarani narrates it al Awsat (7255) from Muhammad ibn Rashid—from Ibrahim ibn Sa’id al Jawhari—from Sa’id ibn Muhammad al Warraq; after which he said, “Sa’id ibn Muhammad is the only one to narrate this.”

 

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