21. Ten traits that ‘Uthman uniquely possessed among the companions

20. Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala detests one who is hateful of ‘Uthman radiya Llahu ‘anhu
April 16, 2019
22. ‘Uthman sacrificing himself for the sake of the Ummah, preventing the shedding of blood in name
April 16, 2019

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21. Ten traits that ‘Uthman uniquely possessed among the companions

 

(24) أَنْبَأَنِي وَالِدِي وَغَيْرُهُ إذْنًا، عَنْ القَاضِي أَبِي المَحَاسِنِ عَبْدِ الوَاحِدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيْلَ الطَّبَرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي الحَسَنِ عَلِيٍّ السَمَرْقَنْدِيِّ الحُسَيْنِيِّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ المَلِكِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ العَدْلِ، أَخْبَرَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيْمَ الكِنْدِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ الخَرَائِطِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيْلَ الحَرَّانِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رِشْدِيْنَ، حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ بُكَيْرٍ المِصْرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ لَهِيْعَةَ، عَنْ يَزِيْدَ بْنِ عَمْرٍو المَعَافِرِيِّ، قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ أَبَا ثَوْرٍ الفَهْمِيَّ يَقُولُ: سَمِعْتُ عُثْمَانَ بْنَ عَفَّانَ يَقُولُ: لَقَدْ اخْتَبَأْتُ لِرَبِي عَشْراً: إِنِّي لَرَابِعُ أَرْبَعَةٍ فِي الإِسْلَامِ، وَجَهَّزْتُ جَيْشَ العُسْرَةِ، وَجَمَعْتُ القُرْآنَ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللهِ  وَائْتَمَنَنِي رَسُولُ اللهِ عَلَى ابْنَتِهِ، ثُمَ تُوُفِّيَتْ فَزَوَّجَنِي الأُخْرَى، وَمَا تَعَنَّيْتُ وَلَا تَمَنَّيْتُ، وَلَا وَضَعْتُ يَدِي اليُمْنَى عَلَى فَرْجِي مُنْذُ بَايَعْتُ بِهَا رَسُولَ اللهِ وَمَا مَرَّتْ بِي جُمْعَةٌ مُنْذُ أَسْلَمْتُ إِلَّا وَأَنَا أَعْتِقُ فِيهَا رَقَبَةً إِلَّا أَنْ لَا تَكُونَ عِنْدِي فَأَعْتِقُهَا بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ، وَلَا زَنَيْتُ فِي الجَاهِلِّيَةِ وَلَا الإِسْلَامِ، وَلَا سَرَقْتُ قَطّ

  1. My father amongst others narrates to me in commission—from Al Qadi Abu al Mahasin ‘Abdul Wahid ibn Ismail al Tabari—from Abu al Hassan ‘Ali al Samarqandi al Hussaini—from ‘Abdul Malik ibn Muhammad al ‘Adl—Ahmed ibn Ibrahim al Kindi narrated to us—Muhammad ibn Jafar al Khara’iti narrated to us—Muhammad ibn Ismail al Harrani narrated to us—Muhammad ibn Rishdin narrated to us—Yahya ibn Bukayr al Misri narrated to us—Ibn Lahi’ah narrated to us—from Yazid ibn ‘Amr al Ma’afiri who said—I heard Abu Thawr al Fahmi saying, I heard ‘Uthman saying:

I have concealed ten things only for my Lord:

  1. I was the fourth person to accept Islam,
  2. I equipped the Army of Distress[1],
  3. I gathered the Qur’an in the time of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam,
  4. the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam entrusted me with his daughter, and when she passed on, he married another to me,
  5. I never compelled anyone,
  6. I never lied,
  7. I never touched my private part with my right hand since I gave the Prophet my allegiance,
  8. No Friday has passed since I embraced Islam but that I freed a slave, unless I did not possess one at that time then I would make up for it later,
  9. I never committed adultery before Islam or after it,
  10. and I never stole.[2]

 

NEXT⇒ 22. ‘Uthman sacrificing himself for the sake of the Ummah, preventing the shedding of blood in name


[1] Ibn al Athir in his Al Nihayah fi Gharib al Hadith states: “It is the expedition of Tabuk. The reason it got the name was because people were encouraged to participate in midsummer at a time when the fruits were ripe and the shade pleasant. It was a difficult time for them to leave.”

[2] The isnad is Da’if but some of the content of narration is Sahih due to corroborating reports. Al Khara’iti narrates it in his I’tilal al Qulub (195) from Muhammad ibn Ismail al Harrani. Ibn Abi Shaibah (32046) narrates it in his al Musanaf from Zaid ibn al Hubab—from Ibn Lahi’ah with this chain. ‘Abdullah ibn Lahi’ah is considered weak by a number of Hadith scholars. Tahdhib al Tahdhib (2/411). As for Abu Thawr, Abu Ahmed al Hakim under his biography in Al Kunna (2/206) states, “He is a companion, his narration is with regards to the people of Egypt. I do not know of a name or ascription that ascribes him to a destined ancestor.” Some of the statements in the narration have collaborations, such as ‘Uthman’s radiya Llahu ‘anhu statement, “I never committed adultery before Islam or after it,” it will come under narration 39. Some of the content of the narrations is supported by historical facts, such as his marriage to the daughters of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and equipping the Army of Tabuk. Al Bukhari narrates (2778) a collaboration for the narration from Abu ‘Abdul Rahman al Sulami, “‘Uthman radiya Llahu ‘anhu while he was besieged addressed the masses and said, “I implore you by Allah, and I am only imploring the Companions of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. Do you not know that the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘Whoever digs the well of Rumah will get Jannat,” and I dug it? The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘Whoever equips the Army of Distress will get Jannat,” and I equipped it?” He said, “They affirmed what he said.”

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