30. ‘Uthman was killed unjustly

29. ‘Uthman’s achievements and virtues deeds in Islam
April 16, 2019
31. ‘Abdullah ibn Salam strong condemnation of ‘Uthman’s killing
April 16, 2019

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30. ‘Uthman was killed unjustly

 

وَبِهِ قَالَ إِسْحَاقُ: أَخْبَرَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيْدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ بْنِ سَهْلِ بْنِ حُنَيْفٍ، قَالَ: كُنَّا مَعَ عُثْمَانَ وَهُوَ مَحْصُورٌ فِي الدَّارِ فَدَخَلَ مَدْخَلًا كَانَ مَنْ دَخَلَهَ سَمِعَ كَلَامَ مَنْ عَلَى البِلادِ، فَرَجِعَ إِلَيْنَا وَهُوَ مُتَغَيِّرُ اللَّوْنِ، فَقَالَ: إِنَّهُمْ لَيَتَوَاعَدُونِي بِالقَتْلِ آنِفًا، فَقُلْنَا: يَكْفِيكَهُمْ اللهُ يَا أَمِيرَ المُؤْمِنِينَ، فَقَالَ: وَبِمَ يَقْتُلُونِي؟ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ: لَا يَحِلُّ دَمُ إمْرِئٍ مُسْلِمٍ إِلَا بِإِحْدَى ثَلَاثٍ: رَجُلٌ كَفَرَ بَعْدَ إِسْلَامِهِ، أَوْ زَنَى بَعْدَ إِحْصَانٍ، أَوْ قَتَلَ نَفْسًا، فَيُقْتَلُ بِهَا، فَوَاللهِ، مَا زَنَيْتُ فِي جَاهِلِيَّةٍ وَلَا إِسْلَامٍ قَطْ، وَلَا أَحْبَبْتُ أَنَّ لِي بِدِينِي بَدَلًا مُنْذُ هَدَانِي اللهُ، وَلَا قَتَلْتُ نَفْسًا، فَبِمَ يَقْتُلُونِي؟!

  1. Ishaq states—Sulaiman ibn Harb narrated to us—Hammad ibn Zaid narrated to us—Yahya ibn Sa’id narrated to us—from Abu Umamah ibn Sahal ibn Hunayf:

We were with ‘Uthman when he was besieged. He entered a lobby, where one could hear the talk of the town. He came back with his facial expression changed and he said, “They were just promising to kill me.”

We said, “Allah is sufficient for you against them, O Amir al Mu’minin.”

‘Uthman said, “On what grounds do they want to kill me? I heard the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam saying, ‘It is not permissible to shed the blood of a Muslim except in three cases: One who apostatises after embracing Islam, a married person who commits adultery, or in retribution for committing murder.’ By Allah, I did not commit adultery in Jahiliyah or in Islam, nor did I wish that I had another religion since Allah guided me, and I never killed anyone. So on what grounds do they want to kill me?”[1]

 

NEXT⇒ 31. ‘Abdullah ibn Salam strong condemnation of ‘Uthman’s killing


[1] The isnad is Sahih. Abu Dawood narrates it in his Sunan (4502) with the chain of Ishaq ibn Rahuyah. Al Tirmidhi narrates it (2158) from Ahmed ibn ‘Abdah al Dabi—from Hammad ibn Zaid with this chain. Al Tirmidhi said, “This is a sound narration.”

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