These, I witness against them … but I do not know what they will invent after me

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These, I witness against them … but I do not know what they will invent after me

 

هؤلاء أشهد عليهم … و لكن لا أدري ما تحدثون بعدي

These, I witness against them … but I do not know what they will invent after me.

 

Hafiz Ibn ‘Abdul Barr says, “This hadith is mursal and its isnad is munqati’.”[1]

In addition, the hadith is general, there is no way to specify it to anyone. The Rawafid wish to apply it specifically to Sayyidina Abu Bakr radiya Llahu ‘anhu and the eminent Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum.

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam bore wtiness against these people due to his knowledge of their condition and what they died upon. However, he is not aware of what will be the end result of those after him.

The hadith only mentions that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam denied knowledge of what will be their condition after him. But very quickly the hadith converted into the following in the minds of the Rawafid:

 

أنا أعلم أنكم سوف تفعلون بعدي شرا

I know for sure that you will soon perpetrate evil after me.

 

The hadith also debunks the belief of the Rawafid that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam knew the unseen and that nothing in the earth and heavens is hidden from him. This belief of theirs is clear contradiction of the Qur’an which unequivocally declares that Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala commanded Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam to deny possessing knowledge of his future condition. So what about those besides him? Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala commands:

قُلْ مَا كُنْتُ بِدْعًا مِّنَ الرُّسُلِ وَمَا أَدْرِيْ مَا يُفْعَلُ بِيْ وَلَا بِكُمْ إِنْ أَتَّبِعُ إِلَّا مَا يُوحىٰ إِلَيَّ وَمَا أَنَا إِلَّا نَذِيْرٌ مُّبِيْنٌ

Say, “I am not something original among the messengers, nor do I know what will be done with me or with you. I only follow that which is revealed to me, and I am not but a clear warner.”[2]

 

Similar is the statement of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam to Umm al ‘Ala’ al Ansariyyah when she said at the demise of Sayyidina ‘Uthman ibn Maz’un radiya Llahu ‘anhu:

 

شهادتي عليك أبا السائب أن الله سيكرمك قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم و ما أدراك أن الله سيكرمه و الله إني لرسول الله و لست أدري ما يفعل بي و لا بكم فقالت والله لا أزكي بعد أحدا أبدا

“My testimony in your favour Abu al Sa’ib is that Allah will soon honour you.”

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam asked, “What informs you that Allah will soon honour him? I am the Messenger of Allah and I do not know what will happen to me nor to you.”

She submitted, “By Allah, I will never again declare the innocence of anyone.”[3]

 

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[1] Al Tamhid vol. 21 pg. 221.

[2] Surah al Ahqaf: 9.

[3] Sahih al Bukhari.

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