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The Fourth Narration
Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas radiya Llahu ‘anhu narrates:
لما نزلت هذه الآية: (فقل تعالوا ندع أبناءنا وأبناءكم) دعا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عليا وفاطمة وحسنا وحسينا فقال: اللهم هؤلاء أهلي
When the verse was revealed
Say, “Come, let us call our sons and your sons…”
The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam called ‘Ali, Fatimah, Hassan, and Hussain and said, “O Allah! This is my family!”
This narration has been recorded by Imam al Tirmidhi and Imam Muslim. The narration of Sahih Muslim is lengthier.
Commentary and Lessons Learnt from this Narration:
- This narration is a lesson in the respect and virtue of the Ahlul Bayt.
- Those that were in the cloak are special even amongst the Ahlul Bayt.
- The immense love Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam had for those in the cloak is evident by him being prepared to invoke the curse of Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala on the disbelievers by way of their presence. (Mubahalah).
- The Shari’ah that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam brought, coupled with his efforts in proclaiming the message of Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala, and exercising patience in face of hardships is a source of pride for the Ahlul Bayt.
- The Ahlul Bayt are, to a greater degree, responsible for the protection of the faith by removing from it the distortions of the excessive ones, the false claims of the liars, and the false interpretations of the ignorant people.
- The principle in Shari’ah is to call to Islam with wisdom and good kind speech. Invoking curses though is an exception to be used against lying oppressors.
- The Ahlul Bayt are generally calm and collected, however, they too need to—at times—make a display of strength through Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala.
- Getting to the truth of the matter through the correct channels and people is extremely important for the Ahlul Bayt, so they may have conviction in what has reached them. This conviction is a necessity for Mubahalah. If it wasn’t for this conviction, Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam would not have done Mubahalah with the Christians of Najran. Just as Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was on the truth then, so too it is imperative for the Ahlul Bayt to be on the truth now.
- If there be a need for Mubahalah, the pious of the Ahlul Bayt or the pious from the general populous should do this.
- Mubahalah is something to be done in great and grave matters only.
NEXT⇒ The Fifth Narration
 Surah Al ‘Imran: 61.
 Sunan al Tirmidhi, Hadith:2999
 This is referring to the act of Mubahalah (invocation of God’s curse) which was mentioned as a decisive solution to the dispute over Jesus between the Christians of Najran and Muhammad salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.
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