Musnad Abi Ya`la

Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari
October 1, 2015
Sunan al-Kubra of Imam Nasa’i
October 1, 2015

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Musnad Abi Ya’la

حدثنا بشر بن الوليد ثنا محمد بن طلحة عن الاعمش عن عطية بن سعد عن ابى سعيد الخدرى ان النبى صلى الله عليه و سلم قال انى انى اوشك ان ادعى فاجيب و انى تارك فيكم الثقلين كتاب الله حبل ممدود بين السماء و الارض وعترتى اهل بيتى و ان اللطيف الخبير اخبرنى انهما لن يفترقا حتى يردا عللى الحوض فانظرو بما تخلفونى فيهما

Bishr ibn al Walid — Muhammad ibn Talhah — al A’mash — ‘Attiyah ibn Sad — from Abu Said that Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:

Indeed I will soon be invited and I will respond to the invitation. I am leaving amongst you al Thaqalayn, the Book of Allah—a rope that has been extended between the sky and the earth—and my ‘itrah who are my Ahlul Bayt. The One who knows the finest details and who is well aware of everything has informed me that they will never separate until they meet me at the Pond (al Kawthar), therefore be careful how you succeed me with regards to them.

 

It is well known that this Musnad of Abu Ya’la is amongst the rare books of the time. After an extensive search, it was found at the Sa’idiyyah library in Hyderabad, Dakkan. The narration was attained through the medium of the famous reliable scholar of the area, Molana Abu al Wafa’ al Afghani, Head of Ihya’ al Ma’arif al Nu’maniyyah. The narration along with its isnad has been presented here verbatim. After looking at the isnad, it was discovered that it contains a particular individual by means of whom it no longer remains worthy of consideration. This individual is ‘Attiyah ibn Sa’d al ‘Aufi. His narrations are da’if, he commits many errors and he is infamous for concealing his teachers’ names. Above all, he is counted amongst the Shia of Kufah and was a great representative of the Shia. ‘Attiyah is responsible for spreading the fabricated ‘treasures’ of Muhammad ibn Sa’ib al Kalbi (an infamous flagrant liar) amongst the masses. He had done so by deceitfully giving him the title Abu Sa’id. Tahdhib al Tahdhib, Mizan al I’tidal, as well as other sources can be consulted for further information regarding this teacher and his student. Accepting his narrations, while overlooking the severe disparagement recorded about him, defies all the principles and rules of Hadith of the Ahlus Sunnah (which were put in place to safeguard and protect the din from such deceitful individuals- translator).

If for arguments sake, we were to accept the authenticity of this narration, then too the view of the Shia cannot be established. This is because the narration lacks any such words that indicate the necessity of obeying the Ahlul Bayt. Neither is there any instruction of holding firmly onto them, nor is there any warning of misguidance for those who do not act upon their instructions or follow their practices. There is also no mention of the Caliphate. This narration contains nothing more than a simile explaining the importance of the Qur’an, and exhortation regarding good behaviour towards the Ahlul Bayt.

Another narration appears in Musnad Abi Ya’la under the narrations of Abu Sa’id al Khudri. This narration is almost the same as the above mentioned narration, and it is also criticized due to the appearance of ‘Attiyah al ‘Aufi who narrates from Abu Sa’id al Khudri. This has been mentioned to soothe the people of knowledge.

 

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