Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah

Musnad Ishaq ibn Rahawayh
October 1, 2015
Tabaqat ibn Sa`d
October 1, 2015

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Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah

 

حدثنا عمر بن سعد ابو داود الحفرى عن شريك عن الركين عن القاسم بن حسان عن زيد بن ثابت رضى الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم انى تارك فيكم الخليفتين من بعدى كتاب الله و عترتى اهل بيتى و انهما لن يفترقا حتى يردا على الحوض

‘Umar ibn Sad Abu Dawood al Hifri — Sharik — al Rukayn — al Qasim ibn Hassan — from Zaid ibn Thabit radiya Llahu ‘anhu that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:

I will leave amongst you two successors after me, the Book of Allah and my ‘itrah, my Ahlul Bayt. Indeed the two of them will not separate until they meet me at the Pond (of al Kawthar).[1]

 

The above isnad has been researched and studied. It has been found that the narrations of Sharik, student of al Rukayn, are unacceptable. The position of Sharik, in light of the books of rijal—of both the Ahlus Sunnah and Shia—has been presented for the fair-minded and balanced to peruse. This is sufficient to reveal the ineligibility of the narration.

 

Sharik according Ahlus Sunnah

1. Tahir al Fattani writes in Qanun al Mawdu’at:

شريك بن عبد الله الكوفى ضعفه يحيى

Sharik ibn ‘Abdullah al Kufi has been classified as da’if by Yahya ibn Ma’in.[2]

 

2. Ibn Sa’d has written in his Tabaqat:

كان شريك كثير الحديث وكان يغلط كثيرا

Sharik would narrate excessively and he would also err excessively.[3]

 

3. Al Dhahabi states:

 

قال ابن مبارك حديث شريك ليس بشيئ-قال الجوزجانى سيئ الحفظ مضطرب الحديث…قال ابو زرعة كان كثير الحديث صاحب وهم يغلط احيانا…قال عبد الله بن ادريس ان شريكا لشيعى

Ibn Mubarak said, “The narrations of Sharik hold no weight.” Juzajani said, “He had a bad memory and his narrations have a lot of contradictions.” Abu Zur’ah said, “He narrated many narrations. He would get confused and make mistakes at times.” ‘Abdullah ibn Idris said, “Sharik was most certainly a Shia.”[4]

 

4. Ibn al Hajar writes in al Tahdhib:

 

قال ابن القطان شريك بن عبد الله كان مشهورا بالتدليس…قال الازدى انه مائل عن القصد غالى المذهب سيئ الحفظ مضطرب الحديث…قال الساجى كان ينسب الى التشيع المفرط

Ibn al Qattan said, “Sharik ibn ‘Abdullah was well known for concealing his sources…” Al Azdi said, “He strayed from moderation. He was an extremist in his beliefs. He had a bad memory, he committed many errors and his narrations had many contradictions.” Al Saji said, “He was looked upon as an extremist Shia.”[5]

 

5. Imam Tirmidhi said:

شريك كثير الغلط

Sharik would commit many errors.[6]

 

6. Abu Hatim said:

لا يقوم مقام الحجة

His narrations cannot be regarded as worthy evidence.[7]

 

Sharik according to the Shia

1. ‘Abdullah Mamaqani states in his Tanqih al Maqal:

 

عن كشف الغمة ما هو نص فى كونه اماميا و ذلك يثبت نجابته

In the book Kashf al Ghummah, it is clearly stated that he (Sharik) was an Imami. This is sufficient to establish his salvation and nobility.[8]

 

2. In the book Tuhfat al Ahbab fi Nawadir Athar al Ashab, Sheikh ‘Abbas al Qummi discusses his biography. In the end, he quoted a supplication of Imam Jafar al Sadiq rahimahu Llah in his favour, which serves as a clear sign of him being a “devout believer” (or plainly put a Shia).[9]

 

NEXT⇒ Musnad Ishaq ibn Rahawayh


[1]Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah vol. 4 pg. 121

[2]Qanun al Mawdu’at pg. 262

[3]Tabaqat ibn Sa’d vol. 6 pg. 263, 264

[4]Mizan al I’tidal vol. 1 pg. 445, 446

[5]Tahdhib al Tahdhib vol. 4 pg. 337

[6]Tirmidhi vol. 1 pg. 33

[7]Al Mughni vol. 1 pg. 297

[8]Tanqih al Maqal vol. 2 pg. 85

[9]Tuhfat al Ahbab pg. 143

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