Indeed, Abu Bakr intended to propose to Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam for Fatimah

My Lord commanded me to close all the doors except the door of ‘Ali
August 16, 2018
Abu Musa al Ash’ari would pass verdict of the validity of Mut’ah
August 16, 2018

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Indeed, Abu Bakr intended to propose to Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam for Fatimah

حدثنا الحسن بن حماد حدثنا يحيى بن يعلى الأسلمي عن سعيد بن أبي عروبة عن قتادة عن أنس بن مالك قال جاء أبو بكر إلى النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فقعد بين يديه فقال يا رسول الله قد علمت مناصحتي و قدمي في الإسلام و أني و أني قال و ما ذاك قال تزوجني فاطمة قال فسكت عنه فرجع أبو بكر إلى عمر فقال له هلكت و أهلكت فقال و ما ذاك قال خطبت فاطمة إلى النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فأعرض عني فقال مكانك حتى آتي النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فأطلب مثل الذي طلبت فأتى عمر النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فقعد بين يديه فقال يا رسول الله قد علمت مناصحتي و قدمي في الإسلام و أني و إني قال و ما ذاك قال تزوجني فاطمة فسكت عنه فرجع عمر إلى أبي بكر فقال له إنه ينتظر أمر الله فيها قم بنا إلى علي حتى نأمره يطلب مثل الذي طلبنا قال علي فأتياني و أنا أعالج فسيلا لي فقالا إنا جئناك من عند ابن عمك بخطبة قال فنبهاني لأمر فقمت أجر ردائي حتى أتيت النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فقعدت بين يديه فقلت يا رسول الله قد علمت قدمي في الإسلام و مناصحتي و أني و أني قال و ما ذاك قال تزوجني فاطمة قال و عندك شيء قلت فرسي و بدني قال أما فرسك فلا بد لك منه و أما بدنك فبعها قال فبعتها بأربعمائة و ثمانين فجئت بها حتى وضعتها في حجره فقبض منها قبضة فقال أي بلال ابعث ابتع بها طيبا و أمرهم أن يجهزوها فجعل سريرا مشرطا بالشرط و وسادة من أدم حشوها ليف و قال لعلي إذا أتتك فلا تحدث شيئا حتى آتيك فجاءت بها أم أيمن حتى قعدت في جانب البيت و أنا في جانب وجاء رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فقال ها هنا أخي قالت أم أيمن أخوك و قد زوجته ابنتك قال نعم و دخل رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم البيت فقال لفاطمة ائتني بماء فقامت إلى قعب في البيت فأتت فيه بماء فأخذه رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم و مج فيه ثم قال لها تقدمي فتقدمت فنضح بين ثدييها و على رأسها و قال اللهم إني أعيذها بك و ذريتها من الشيطان الرجيم ثم قال لها أدبري فأدبرت فصب بين كتفيها و قال اللهم إني أعيذها بك و ذريتها من الشيطان الرجيم ثم قال صلى الله عليه و سلم ائتوني بماء قال علي فعلمت الذي يريد فقمت فملأت القعب ماء و أتيته به فأخذه فمج فيه ثم قال تقدم فصب على رأسي و بين ثديي ثم قال اللهم إني أعيذه بك و ذريته من الشيطان الرجيم ثم قال أدبر فأدبرت فصبه بين كتفي و قال اللهم إني أعيذه بك و ذريته من الشيطان الرجيم ثم قال لعلي ادخل بأهلك على اسم الله و البركة

Hassan ibn Hammad narrated to us ― Yahya ibn Ya’la al Aslami narrated to us from ― Sa’id ibn Abi ‘Arubah from ― Qatadah from ― Anas ibn Malik who relates:

Abu Bakr came to Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and sat in front of him. He submitted, “O Messenger of Allah, you are aware of my sincerity and seniority in Islam and that I have done this and that.”

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Why do you say this?”

He replied, “Give me Fatimah in marriage.”

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam remained silent. So Abu Bakr returned and went to ‘Umar and said, “I am destroyed and I have destroyed!”

“What is the matter,” asked ‘Umar.

Abu Bakr explained, “I proposed to Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam for Fatimah but he ignored me.”

‘Umar said, “Stay here. Allow me to go to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and make a similar proposal.”

Accordingly, ‘Umar approached Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and sat before him and then submitted, “O Messenger of Allah, you are aware of my sincerity and seniority in Islam and that I have done this and that.”

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “And what is your point?”

“Marry Fatimah to me,” ‘Umar proposed.

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam remained silent. So ‘Umar returned to Abu Bakr and said to him, “He is awaiting Allah’s command regarding her. Let us go to ‘Ali and recommend him to make a similar proposal.”

‘Ali reports, “They came to me while I was planting my date-palm seedlings. They said, ‘We have come to you from your cousin with a proposal.’”

He continues, “They apprised me of something great. So I got up in great haste dragging my shawl until I reached Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam presence and sat before him. I submitted, ‘O Messenger of Allah, you realise my precedence in Islam and sincerity and that I have done this and that.’

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam enquired, ‘And what are you getting at?’

‘Marry Fatimah to me,’ I said.

He asked, ‘Do you have anything?’

I replied, ‘My horse and my armour.’

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘As regards your horse, you definitely need it. However, sell your armour.’

Accordingly, I sold my armour for 480 (dirhams) and came with the money to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and placed it in his lap. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam took a handful from it and said, ‘O Bilal, go and buy some perfume.’

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ordered them to groom her. They prepared a lined bedding and a pillow stuffed with fibres. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to ‘Ali, ‘When she comes to you, do not say to her anything until I come.’

Umm Ayman brought her. She sat in one corner of the house while I was on the other side facing Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘This is my brother.’

Umm Ayman asked surprisingly, ‘Your brother? And you married him your daughter.’

‘Yes,’ confirmed Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam entered the house and said to Fatimah, ‘Bring me water.’

In compliance, she got up and took a container of the house and brought water in it. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam took it and gargled inside. He then said to her, ‘Draw close.’

Accordingly, she drew closer and he sprinkled water on her chest and head and supplicated, ‘O Allah, I place her and her progeny in your protection from Shaitan the accursed.’

He then said, ‘Turn around.’

She turned around and he sprinkled water between her shoulders and prayed, ‘O Allah, I place her and her progeny in your protection from Shaitan the accursed.’

He then said, ‘Bring me water.’

I understood what he wanted so I filled the container with water and brought it. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam took it and gargled inside. He then said, ‘Come forward.’

He then sprinkled water on my head and chest and supplicated, ‘O Allah, I place him and his progeny in your protection from Shaitan the accursed.’

He then told me to turn around so I turned around. He sprinkled water between my shoulders and prayed, ‘O Allah, I place him and his progeny in your protection from Shaitan the accursed.’

He then said to ‘Ali, ‘Approach your wife with the name of Allah and His blessings.’”

 

Al Haythami comments in Majma’ al Zawaid, “Al Tabarani narrated it. Yahya ibn Ya’la al Aslami appears therein and he is da’if.”[1]

 

Yahya ibn Ya’la al Aslami

Al Bukhari said, “Mudtarib al Hadith (makes profuse errors in hadith).

Abu Hatim said, “Da’if al Hadith, not reliable.”

Abu Ahmed ibn ‘Adi, “From the Shia of Kufah.”[2]

 

Next⇒ Abu Musa al Ash’ari would pass verdict of the validity of Mut’ah


[1] Majma’ al Zawa’id vol. 9 pg. 205.

[2] Tahdhib al Kamal, #5618

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