Hadith 50: The forerunners are three: Tthe forerunner to Musa is Yusha’ ibn Nun; the forerunner to ‘Isa is the Companion of Yasin (i.e. Muhammad salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam); and the forerunner to Muhammad salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib.

Hadith 49: Do not curse ‘Ali; for he was touched in the dhat (essence) of Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala.
January 29, 2019
Hadith 51: Allah shows enmity towards anyone who shows enmity to ‘Ali.
January 29, 2019

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Hadith 50

 

السبق ثلاثة: فالسابق إلى موسى يوشع بن نون، والسابق إلى عيسى صاحب ياسين، والسابق إلى محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم علي بن أبي طالب.

The forerunners are three: Tthe forerunner to Musa is Yusha’ ibn Nun; the forerunner to ‘Isa is the Companion of Yasin (i.e. Muhammad salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam); and the forerunner to Muhammad salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib.

 

Al Tabarani and al ‘Uqayli narrate — from al Hussain ibn Abi al Sari al ‘AsqalaniHussain al Ashqar[1] narrated to us — Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah narrated to us — (from Ibn Abi Najih — from Mujahid)[2] — from Ibn ‘Abbas — from the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam[3]

Al Hussain ibn Abi al Sari al ‘Asqalani is a kadhdhab (liar).

Hussain al Ashqar is da’if (weak). It has also been stated that he is matruk (suspected of forgery).

Al Haythami’s statement demonstrates absolute leniency on his part when he said:

Al Tabarani narrates this hadith with a chain of transmission containing the narrator Hussain ibn Hassan al Ashqar. Ibn Hibban regarded him as a thiqah (reliable) and the majority have regarded him as da’if (weak). The remaining narrators’ hadith is either hassan (fair) or sahih (authentic).”[4]

 

Al ‘Uqayli writes, “This too, has no basis from Ibn ‘Uyaynah.”[5]

Citing from al ‘Uqayli, al Munawi writes, “The hadith is unknown except via him (i.e. Hussain ibn Hassan al Ashqar). It is a munkar (unacceptable) hadith.”[6]

Our copy of al Du’afaʾ al Kabir does not contain this.

Ibn Kathir says the hadith is munkar (unacceptable).[7]

Al Albani says, “This chain of transmission is da’if jiddan (very weak), if not mawdu’ (fabricated).”[8]

 

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[1] Al ‘Uqayli sometimes narrates it with the name al Ashqar, and other times without it.

[2] The names in the brackets were dropped in the print of al Tabarani.

[3] Al Tabarani: al Mujam al Kabir, 11/11152; al ‘Uqayli: al Du’afaʾ al Kabir, 1/249.

[4] Nur al Din al Haythami: Majma’ al Zawaʾid, 9/102.

[5] Al ‘Uqayli: al Du’afaʾ al Kabir, 1/250.

[6] Al Munawi: Fayd al Qadir, 4/135.

[7] Ibn Kathir: Tafsir Ibn Kathir, 6/510.

[8] Al Albani: Silsilat Ahadith al Da’ifah (1/358).

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