Hadith 188: On the Day of Resurrection, Abu Bakr will be upon one of the pillars of the Hawd (Pond), ‘Umar will be on the second, ‘Uthman on the third, and ‘Ali on the fourth. Whoever shows hatred towards one of them, the other will not give him to drink.

Hadith 187: Sufficient for you (is the fact that) your lover will not experience grief at the time of his death, loneliness in his grave, and fear on the Day of Resurrection.
February 5, 2019
Hadith 189: I washed the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and drank the water from the orbits of his eyes. On account of this, I inherited the knowledge of the first and last people.
February 5, 2019

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Hadith 188

إذا كان يوم القيامة، يكون أبو بكر على أحد أركان الحوض، وعمر على الثاني، وعثمان على الثالث، وعلي على الرابع، فمن أبغض واحدا منهم، لم يسقه الآخرون.

On the Day of Resurrection, Abu Bakr will be upon one of the pillars of the Hawd (Pond), ‘Umar will be on the second, ‘Uthman on the third, and ‘Ali on the fourth. Whoever shows hatred towards one of them, the other will not give him to drink.

 


This hadith is narrated from Ibn ‘Abbas, Anas, and Jabir radiya Llahu ‘anhum.

 

The Hadith of Ibn ‘Abbas

This version of the hadith has the following two chains of transmission:

  1. (Narrated) from Ibrahim ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Khalid al Missisi — from Waki’ — from Sufyan — from ‘Amr ibn Dinar — from Ibn ‘Abbas — from the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

Ibn Hibban mentions this hadith in Kitab al Majruhin.[1]

Ibrahim ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Khalid al Missisi is a kadhdhab (liar).

Ibn al Jawzi says, “This hadith is mawdu’ (fabricated). Ibrahim al Missisi is accused of fabricating it.”[2]

Al Dhahabi said, “This person is a kadhdhab (liar).”[3]

Al Suyuti mentions this version of the hadith in his work on fabrications.[4]

 

  1. Ibn al Najjar narrates this version from Abu al Hassan ‘Ali ibn Muhammad ibn al Tayyib — Abu al Hassan Ahmed ibn al Muzaffar ibn Ahmed al ‘Attar informed us — Abu al Hassan Ahmed ibn Sahlan ibn Jabir narrated to us — Abu ‘Amr ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa ibn Hassan al Baradani (famously known as al Kays) narrated to us — Muhammad ibn Ahmed ibn ‘Abdullah al Shaybani narrated to us — Muhammad ibn al Sabbah ibn Ismail ibn Zakariyya narrated to us — from Muhammad ibn ‘Awn al Khurasani — from ‘Abdullah ibn al ‘Abbas…[5]

This chain of transmission is saqit (wholly unreliable).

Muhammad ibn ‘Awn Abu ‘Abdullah al Khurasani is not a thiqah (reliable). He is matruk al hadith (suspected of forgery in hadith).

I have yet to see anyone regard Abu al Hassan Ahmed ibn al Muzaffar ibn Ahmed al ‘Attar as a thiqah (reliable).

I could not trace the remaining narrators; they are five in total.

Al Suyuti mentions this hadith in his work on fabricated hadith.[6] Ibn ‘Iraq followed suit and mentioned this hadith in his work on fabricated hadith.[7]

 

The Hadith of Anas

Abu Bakr al Shafi’i narrates this version of the hadith with a chain of transmission that contains narrators that are mostly majhul (unknown).[8]

It contains the narrator ‘Ali ibn ‘Asim al Wasiti. Most hadith critics have regarded him as da’if (weak). Ibn Ma’in and Yazid ibn Harun deemed him a kadhdhab (liar). Imam Ahmed denied that he lied.

Ibn al Jawzi says, “This hadith is not authentic.”

Al Dhahabi says, “This hadith is batil (false).”[9]

Al Suyuti mentions this hadith in his work on fabrications.[10]

Ibn ‘Asakir narrates this version of the hadith with a chain of transmission that contains the narrator Abu ‘Abdullah al ‘Umari, Bishr ibn Dawood al Qurashi, and Mas’ud ibn Sabur.[11] I could not trace any of them.

 

The Hadith of Jabir

Ibn ‘Asakir includes this hadith in Tarikh Dimashq — from Muhammad ibn Zakariyya al Ghalabi.[12] As mentioned previously, he is a kaddhab (liar).

Al Suyuti mentions this version of the hadith from Ibn ‘Asakir among the fabricated hadiths.[13] The defect he found in it was on account of al Ghalabi.

 

In short, the hadith is mawdu’ (fabricated) in all of its variant chains of transmission.

 

NEXT⇒ Hadith 189


[1] Ibn Hibban: Kitab al Majruhin, 1/116.

[2] Ibn al Jawzi: al ‘Ilal al Mutanahiyah, 1/253.

[3] Al Dhahabi: Mizan al I’tidal, 1/41.

[4] Al Suyuti: al Ziyadat ‘ala al Mawdu’at, 1/286.

[5] Ibn al Najjar: Dhaykh Tarikh Baghdad, 17/153.

[6] Al Suyuti: al Ziyadat ‘ala al Mawdu’at, 1/283.

[7] Ibn ‘Iraq: Tanzih al Shari’ah, 1/406.

[8] Abu Bakr al Shafi’i: al Ghaylaniyyat, 1/63.

[9] Al Dhahabi: Talkhis al ‘Ilal, hadith no. 87.

[10] Al S uyuti: al Ziyadat ‘ala al Mawdu’at, 1/284.

[11] Ibn ‘Asakir: Tarikh Dimashq, 30/157-158.

[12] Ibid., 39/132.

[13] Al Suyuti: al Ziyadat ‘ala al Mawdu’at, 1/285-286.

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