Hadith 133: Ibn ‘Abbas said) The Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam took me by my hand and took ‘Ali by his hand….

Hadith 132: Ibn ‘Abbas was asked about Allah’s words, “Allah has promised those who believe and do righteous deeds [that] for them there is forgiveness and great reward.”…
February 1, 2019
Hadith 134: O ‘Ali, verily Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala has forgiven you, your family, your followers, and the admirers of your followers. Rejoice, for verily you are al Anza’ al Batin, free from polytheism, and you possess abundant knowledge.
February 1, 2019

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Hadith 133

أخذ رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بيدي، وأخذ بيد علي، فصلى أربع ركعات، ثم رفع يده إلى السماء، فقال: اللهم سألك موسى بن عمران، وإن محمدا سألك أن تشرح لي صدري، وتيسر لي أمري، وتحل عقدة من لساني، يفقهوا قولي، واجعل لي وزيرا من أهلي! عليا اشدد به أزري، وأشركه في أمري.! قال ابن عباس: فسمعت مناديا ينادي: يا أحمد! قد أوتيت ما سألت. فقال النبي: يا أبا الحسن ارفع يدك إلى السماء، وادع ربك، وسله يعطك، فرفع علي يده إلى السماء، وهو يقول: اللهم اجعل لي عندك عهدا، واجعل لي عندك ودا. فأنزل الله على نبيه

[إِنَّ الَّذِيْنَ آمَنُوْا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ سَيَجْعَلُ لَهُمُ الرَّحْمٰنُ وُدًّا [مريم: 96،

فتلاها النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم على أصحابه، فعجبوا من ذلك عجبا شديدا، فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم مم تعجبون؟ إن القرآن أربعة أرباع: فربع فينا أهل البيت خاصة، وربع في أعدائنا، وربع حلال وحرام، وربع فرائض وأحكام، والله أنزل في علي كرائم القرآن.

(Ibn ‘Abbas said) The Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam took me by my hand and took ‘Ali by his hand. He read four raka’at of salah and then he raised his hands to the sky and said, “O Allah, Musa ibn ‘Imran asked You and verily Muhammad asked You to ‘expand my chest for me, make easy for me my affair, and untie the knot from my tongue so that they can understand my speech, and make for me a wazir (minister) from my family! Increase through ‘Ali my strength, and let him share my strength.” Ibn ‘Abbas said, “I heard a caller call out, ‘O Ahmed! You have been given what you have asked for.’ The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘O Abu al Hassan, raise your hand to the sky and supplicate to your Lord; ask Him (and) He will give you.’ ‘Ali raised his hand to sky and said, ‘O Allah, grant me a promise with You and grant me affection with You.’ And so Allah revealed unto His Prophet (the verse), ‘Indeed, those who have believed and done righteous deeds – the Most Merciful will appoint for them affection.’[1] The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam recited the verse to his Companions and it amazed them very much. The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘What amazes you? Verily the Qurʾan is four parts: one-fourth regarding us, the Ahlul Bayt specifically; one-fourth regarding our enemies; one-fourth regarding halal and haram; and one-fourth regarding inheritance and other (miscellaneous) rulings. By Allah, the most precious parts of the Qurʾan were revealed regarding ‘Ali.’”

 


This hadith is narrated from Ibn ‘Abbas with the following two chains of transmission:

  1. Ibn al Maghazili narrates this hadith — Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Talhah ibn Ghassan ibn al Nu’man al Kazaruni informed us ijazatan (he authorized us to transmit this hadith) — ‘Umar ibn Muhammad ibn Yusuf narrated to them — Abu Ishaq al Madini narrated to us — Ahmed ibn Musa al Harami narrated to us — al Hussain ibn Thabit al Madani narrated to us—the servant of Musa ibn Jafar — my father narrated to me — from Shu’bah from al Hakam — from ‘Ikrimah — from Ibn ‘Abbas…[2]

This hadith is undoubtedly mawdu’ (fabricated). Everyone beneath Shu’bah could not be traced. Definitely one of them is responsible for forging this report. Perhaps al Hussain ibn Thabit al Madani is the same person whose biography is mention in al Jarh wa al Ta’dil.[3] Abu Hatim says, “He is majhul (unknown) and his father is similarly majhul.”[4]

Ibn al Maghazili is da’if (weak).

 

  1. Al Tha’labi narrates this version of the hadith with a chain of transmission that is saqit (wholly unreliable).[5]

Al Himmani is accused of sariqat al hadith[6] (appropriating hadith).

Qais’s son inserted hadith into his father’s collection that were not his.

‘Abbad is ‘Abayah ibn Rib’i. As mentioned previously, he is matruk (suspected of forgery).

Everyone else in the chain of transmission could not be traced.

Al Albani cites Ibn Hajar saying, “Al Tha’labi narrates a lengthy version of this hadith from Abu Dharr. The chain of transmission is saqit (wholly unreliable).”[7]

Al Albani ruled the hadith a fabrication even though he was unable to locate its chain of transmission. This is because the matn (text) is evidently munkar (unacceptable).

I was able to locate the chain of transmission and we are even surer that it is a fabrication. The chain of transmission is full of darkness.

 

In short the hadith is mawdu’ (fabricated) and a lie. It has a chain of transmission that is saqit (wholly unreliable).

 

NEXT⇒ Hadith 134


[1] Surah Maryam: 96.

[2] Ibn al Maghazili: Manaqib ‘Ali, hadith no. 375.

[3] Abu Hatim: al Jarh wa al Ta’dil, 3/48.

[4] Ibid., 2/449.

[5] Al Tha’labi: Tafsir al Tha’labi, 4/80.

[6] For an explanation of this term, Click Here. [translator’s note]

[7] Al Albani: Silsilat al Ahadith al Da’ifah, 10/673.

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