Aslam

Julaybib
May 23, 2019
Mughith
May 23, 2019

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Aslam

 

Abu Rafi’ Aslam al Qibti embraced Islam before Badr but could not participate in the battle since he was still living in Makkah at that time with his master, Sayyidina ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhu. Thereafter he emigrated and participated in Uhud and the subsequent battles. During the reign of Sayyidina ‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhu, he participated in the Conquest of Egypt.[1]

He first belonged to Sayyidina ‘Abbas ibn ‘Abdul Muttalib radiya Llahu ‘anhu who gifted him to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam freed him and married him to his freed slave girl, Salma. He had many children with her. He was in charge of carrying Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam provisions. He was a gifted artisan who would carve bowls and was gifted at calligraphy. He wrote before Sayyidina ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib radiya Llahu ‘anhu in Kufah.[2]

Just as charity is not permissible for the family of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, it is not permissible for his freed slaves. This we learn from a report which mentions that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam sent an individual from the Banu Makhzum to collect zakat. This person suggested to Abu Rafi’ radiya Llahu ‘anhu to accompany him so that he might also benefit from the zakat. Before practicing on the suggestion, he consulted Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to him, “Charity is not permissible for us. The freed slave of a tribe is part of them.”[3]

He was present at the campaign of Khaybar as well. He speaks about the bitter cold that afflicted them. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam made an announcement, “Whoever has a blanket should cover the one who does not.” Sayyidina Abu Rafi’ radiya Llahu ‘anhu says that he could not find anyone to help him out, so he came to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam who threw upon him a portion of his blanket. They slept like this until morning. As Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam awoke, he saw a snake by his feet, so he yelled, “O Abu Rafi’, kill it, kill it!” He got up at once and killed it.[4]

He passed away during the caliphate of Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu.[5]

 

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[1] Al Bidayah wa al Nihayah, vol. 6 pg. 38.

[2]Al Bidayah wa al Nihayah, vol. 6 pg. 38.

[3]Jami’ al Tirmidhi, Vol. 2, Book 2, Hadith: 657; Sunan al Nasa’i, Vol. 3, Book 23, Hadith: 2613; al Bidayah wa al Nihayah, vol. 6 pg. 38. Grade: sahih.

[4]Al Bidayah wa al Nihayah, vol. 6 pg. 38 referenced to Sunan al Nasa’i, Hadith: 4858.

[5]Al Bidayah wa al Nihayah, vol. 6 pg. 38.

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