34. The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam calling the detractors from ‘Uthman hypocrites and commanding him to protect the Caliphate

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34. The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam calling the detractors from ‘Uthman hypocrites and commanding him to protect the Caliphate

 

وَبِهِ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنَا القَطِيْعِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو المُغِيْرَةِ،حَدَّثَنَا الوَلِيْدُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، حَدَّثَنِي رَبِيْعَةُ بْنُ يَزِيْدَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عَامِرٍ، عَنْ النُعْمِانِ بْنِ بَشِيْرٍ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ: أَرْسَلَ رَسُولُ الله إِلَى عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَفَّانَ، فَأَقْبَلَ عَلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَكَانَ مِنْ آخِرِ كَلَامٍ كَلَّمَهُ أَنْ ضَرَبَ بَيْنَ مَنْكِبَيْهِ، وَقَالَ: يَا عُثْمَانُ، إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَسَى أَنْ يُلْبِسَكَ قَمِيصًا، فَإِنْ أَرَادَكَ المُنَافِقُونَ عَلَى خَلْعِهِ، فَلَا تَخْلَعْهُ حَتَى تَلْقَانِي، ثَلَاثًا، فَقُلْتُ لَهَا: يَا أُمَّ المُؤْمِنِينَ، فَأَيْنَ كَانَ هَذَا عَنْكِ؟ قَالَتْ: نَسِيتُهُ وَاللهِ فَمَا ذَكَرْتُهُ، قَالَ: فَأَخْبَرْتُهُ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنَ أَبِي سُفْيَان.

  1. Al Qati’i narrated to us—’Abdullah ibn Ahmed narrated to us— my father narrated to me—Abu al Mughirah[1] narrated to us—Al Walid ibn Sulaiman narrated to us—Rabi’ah ibn Yazid narrated to us—from ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amir narrated to us—from Nu’man ibn Bashir—from Aisha:

The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam sent for ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan, and the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam turned towards him. The last thing he said to him was, after hitting him between the shoulders, “O ‘Uthman, Allah might don a garment upon you, and if the hypocrites ask you to remove it, do not do so until you meet me.” He said this thrice.

I [the narrator] said to her, “O Mother of the Believers, why did you not mention this before?”

She replied, “By Allah, I forgot and did not think of it.”

I then informed Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan.[2]

 

وَبِهِ قَالَ القَطِيْعِيُّ: حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيْمُ بْنُ شَرِيْكٍ الكُوْفِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا زَكَرِيَّا بْنُ يَحْيَى الكِسَائِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيْلُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ: رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ الله وَضَعَ يَدَهُ عَلَى كَتِفِ عُثْمَانَ وَقَالَ: كَيْفَ أَنْتُمْ إِذَا قَتَلْتُمْ إِمَامَكُمْ، وَتَجَالَدْتُم بِأَسْيَافِكُم، وَوَرِثَ دُنْيَاكُمْ شِرَارُكُمْ؟ فَبُؤْسًا لِأُمَتِي، فَبُؤْسًا لِأُمَتِي إِذَا فَعَلُوه

  1. Al Qati’i states—Ibrahim ibn Sharik al Kufi narrated to us—Zakariyya ibn Yahya al Kisa’i narrated to us—Ismail ibn ‘Abdul Rahman narrated to us—from Anas ibn Malik:

I saw the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam placing his hand on ‘Uthman’s shoulder saying, “How will you all be when you kill your leader, your swords clash, and the worst of you takes charge of your affairs? How wicked it is, how wicked it is for my nation if they do this.”[3]

 

NEXT⇒ 35. The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam seeking forgiveness for ‘Uthman and informing him that he is from the inhabitants of Jannat


[1] His full name is ‘Abdul Quddus ibn al Hajjaj al Ḥimsi, reliable scholar. He passed in the year 212 A.H. The authors of the six canonical works transmit from him.

[2] The isnad is Sahih. Imam Ahmed narrates in it in Fada’il al Sahabah (816) from Abu al Mughirah ‘Abdul Quddus ibn al Hajjaj. However, ‘Abdul Rahman ibn Mahdi narrates it in al Musnad (25162) from Muawiyah ibn Salih, mentioning ‘Abdullah ibn Abi Qais in place of ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amir. In Musannaf ibn Abi Shaibah (32036) Zaid ibn Hubab called him ‘Abdullah ibn Qais. Al Mizzi said in Tahdib (15/149), “There is difference with regards to the chain of transmission. Asad ibn Musa, Layth ibn Sa’d, ‘Abdullah ibn Wahab, and ‘Abdullah ibn Salih narrate from Muawiyah ibn Salih as mentioned.” I say: Mentioning ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amir is the correct approach. This is corroborated by al Walid ibn Sulaiman—from Rabi’ah ibn Yazid—from ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amir. This is found in al Musnad (24566)

[3] The isnad is extremely Da’if. Al Qati’i narrates it in Zawa’id ‘Ala Fada’il al Sahabah (852) from Ibrahim ibn Sharik al Kufi with this chain. In the chain is Zakariyya ibn Yahya al Kisa’i, who is suspected of forgery. Yahya ibn Ma’in, al Nasa’i and al Daraqutni all criticised him. Lisan al Mizan 3469.

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