When the verse: And warn, [O Muhammad], your closest kindred was revealed

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When the verse: And warn, [O Muhammad], your closest kindred was revealed

 

أخبرنا أبو الحسن علي بن المسلم الفقيه نا عبد الله بن أحمد نا أبو الحسن علي بن موسى بن السمسار أنا محمد بن يوسف أنا أحمد بن الفضل الطبري نا أحمد بن حسين نا عبد العزيز بن أحمد بن يحيى الجلودي البصري نا محمد بن زكريا الغلابي نا محمد بن عباد بن آدم نا نصر بن سليمان نا محمد بن إسحاق عن عبد الغفار بن القاسم عن المنهال بن عمرو عن عبد الله بن الحارث بن عبد المطلب عن عبد الله بن عباس عن علي بن أبي طالب قال لما نزلت وَأَنْذِرْ عَشِيْرَتَكَ الْأَقْرَبِيْنَ فضقت بذلك ذرعا و عرفت أني متى أناديهم بهذا الأمر أرى منهم ما أكره فصمت عليها حتى جاءني جبريل فقال يا محمد إنك إن لم تفعل ما تؤمر به سيعذبك ربك فاصنع لنا صاعا من طعام و اجعل عليه رجل شاة و أملأ لنا عسا من لبن و اجمع لي بني عبد المطلب حتى أبلغهم فصنع لهم الطعام و حضروا فأكلوا و شبعوا و بقي الطعام قال ثم تكلم رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فقال يا بني عبد المطلب أي والله ما أعلم شابا من العرب جاء قومه بأفضل مما جئتكم به إني قد جئتكم بخير الدنيا و الآخرة و إن ربي أمرني أن أدعوكم فأيكم يؤازرني على هذا الأمر على أن يكون أخي و وصيتي و خليفتي فيكم فأحجم القوم عنها جميعا و أني لأحدثهم سنا فقلت أنا يا نبي الله أكون وزيرك عليه فأخذ برقبتي ثم قال هذا أخي و وصيتي و خليفتي فيكم فاسمعوا له و أطيعوا فقام القوم يضحكون و يقولون لأبي طالب قد أمرك أن تسمع لعلي و تطيع

Abu al Hassan ‘Ali ibn al Muslim al Faqih informed us―’Abdullah ibn Ahmed narrated to us―Abu al Hassan ‘Ali ibn Musa ibn al Simsar narrated to us―Muhammad ibn Yusuf informed us―Ahmed ibn al Fadl al Tabari informed us―Ahmed ibn Hussain narrated to us―’Abdul ‘Aziz ibn Ahmed ibn Yahya al Jaludi al Basri narrated to us―Muhammad ibn Zakariyya al Ghulabi narrated to us―Muhammad ibn ‘Abbad ibn Adam narrated to us―Nasr ibn Sulaiman narrated to us―Muhammad ibn Ishaq narrated to us from―’Abdul Ghaffar ibn al Qasim from―al Minhal ibn ‘Amr from―’Abdullah ibn al Harith ibn ‘Abdul Muttalib from―’Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas from―’Ali ibn Abi Talib:

When the verse: And warn, [O Muhammad], your closest kindred[1] was revealed, I was afraid and I realised that when I will call them to this matter, I will see something displeasing from their side. So I remained quiet until Jibril came to me and said, “O Muhammad! If you do not carry out the command you were given, your Rabb will soon punish you.”

[He told me:] “Prepare for us a sa’ of food and place upon it a sheep’s leg and fill for us a large cup of milk and gather for me the sons of ‘Abdul Muttalib so that I might convey to them.”

Accordingly, he prepared food for them. They attended, and ate to their fill and still some food remained. Thereafter Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam spoke. He said, “O sons of ‘Abdul Muttalib! By Allah, I do not know any youth from the Arabs who has brought to his nation something superior to what I have brought you. I have brought you the best of the world and the Hereafter. My Rabb commanded me to invite you. So whoever supports me in this affair, will become my brother, wasi, and khalifah among you.”

The entire crowd renounced it. I was the youngest of them in age. I said, “O prophet of Allah, I will be your support over it.”

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam caught hold of my neck and said, “This is my brother, wasi, and khalifah among you, so listen and obey him.”

The people stood up laughing and telling Abu Talib, “He has ordered you to listen to and obey ‘Ali.”

 

The narration is mawdu’.

 

Al Ghulabi

  • Al Daraqutni says, “A resident of Basrah. He was a fabricator.”[2]

It comes through many chains, all of which are batil and munkar. None of them are established. In some chains, ‘Abdul Ghaffar ibn Qasim or Abu Maryam appears.

 

‘Abdul Ghaffar ibn Qasim

  • He is Abu Maryam al Ansari, a Rafidi. He is not reliable.
  • ‘Ali ibn al Madini said about him, “He fabricates ahadith.”
  • It is also said about him that he is amongst the leaders of the Shia.
  • ‘Abbas [al Duri] relates from Yahya [ibn Ma’in], “He is nothing!”
  • Al Bukhari says, “He is not reliable according to them.”
  • Ahmed ibn Hanbal says, “When Abu ‘Ubaidah used to relate hadith to us from Abu Maryam the people would become noisy and say, ‘We do not want him (his ahadith).’
  • Ahmed said, “Abu Maryam used to narrate profanities about ‘Uthman.”
  • Abu Hatim and al Nasa’i among others have said, “Matruk [suspected of forging Hadith].[3]

 

‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abdul Quddus has corroborated him in part of the incident.

‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abdul Quddus

  • He was a Kufi, Rafidi. He settled in Ray. He narrates from al A’mash and others.
  • Ibn ‘Adi says about him, “Most of what he narrates relates to the merits of the Ahlul Bayt.”
  • Yahya says, “He is no good (as a transmitter). He is a Rafidi, malicious.”
  • Al Nasa’i and others say, “He is not reliable.”
  • Al Daraqutni says, “He is a weak narrator.”
  • Abu Ma’mar says, “‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abdul Quddus, he was a Ra”[4]
  • Ahmed ibn ‘Ali al Abar says, “I asked Zanij, Razi’s teacher, about ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abdul Quddus and he said, ‘I have abandoned him (suspected him of forgery). I did not write anything from him and he was not pleased with it.’”[5]

‘Abdul Hussain (‘Abdul Bashar) presumes that this hadith appears in the Sihah of the Sunan al Ma’thurah. This is a blatant lie. Khomeini emulated him in his falsehood. This hadith does not feature in any of the books of the Sunan, leave alone a sahih book. He asserts that it is in Musnad Ahmed and Mustadrak al Hakim and mentions in the footnotes that Muslim reported it in his al Sahih. He then makes the readers believe that al Bukhari also reported it in his al Sahih and then goes on to say, “More than one of the prominent muhaqqiqin have authenticated it.” He thinks that Muslim cited Sharik as proof. But this is a lie. Muslim only narrated from him for corroboration.”[6]

 

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[1] Surah al Shu’ara’: 214.

[2] Al Du’afa’ wa al Matrukun 484.

[3]Mizan al I’tidal by al Dhahabi, vol. 2, p. 640.

[4]Mizan al I’tidal, vol. 2, p. 458.

[5]Al Du’afa’ by al ‘Uqayli, vol. 2, p. 279.

[6] Silsilat al Ahadith al Da’ifah Hadith: 4932.

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