A Comprehensive study of the Shia creed (Usul Mazhab al-Shia)

Preface By Shaykh `Abd Allah ibn `Abd al-Rahman al-Sa`d Part 1
January 21, 2016
April 14, 2016

The esteemed author, Doctor Nasir ibn ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Ali al Qaffari, has rendered an unparalleled service with his literary work originally titled Usul Mazhab al Shia, which is the most comprehensive study of Shi’ism to have been penned to date. The author examines integral elements of Shia doctrine, from its own sources, revealing its true nature. Even aspects which are simply glossed over in most instances has not escaped the eye of the author; leaving no aspect except that it is thoroughly examined and explained.

Another unique feature of the book is the even-tempered approach of the author, free from heated and scathing remarks usually found in sensitive discussions of this nature. The author simply presents the facts, followed thereafter (when required) with refutation from the Qur’an and Sunnah, all in a calm and collected manner with which he guides the reader towards the Path of Salvation.


A Comprehensive study of the Shia creed (Usul Mazhab al-Shia)

by: Doctor Nāṣir ibn ʿAbd Allāh al-Qaffāri


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Click one of the sections below:






Definition of the Word ‘Shia’

The Word ‘Shia’ in the Qur’an and its Meaning

The Word Shia in the Sunnah and the Meanings Implied

The Word Shia and its Meaning in the Books of the Ithna ‘Ashariyyah

The Word Shia in the Light of Islamic History


The Technical Meaning of the Word Shia

a. Defined by the Books of the Ithna ‘Ashariyyah

The First Definition

An Analysis of the First Definition

The Second Definition

An Analysis of the Second Definition

The Third Definition of the Word Shia

Other Definitions of the Word Shia

b. Definition of the Word Shia from the Books of the Isma’ili

c. Definition of the Word Shia from Other Sources

The Definition of Abu al-Hasan al-Ash’ari

An Analysis of the Definition

The Definition of Ibn Hazm

The Definition of al-Shahrastani

d. The Most Appropriate Definition


The Inception of the Shia and its Historical Roots

Views of the Shia Regarding Their Inception

The First View

An Analysis of this View

The Second View (of the Shia)

An Analysis of this View

The Third View

The Views of Non-Shia Regarding the Inception of Shi’ism

The First View

An Analysis of this View

The Second View

The Third View

The Fourth View

The Preferred View

The Origins of Shi’ism

The View that it has Jewish Roots

The View that Shi’ism is of Persian Origin

The View that Shi’ism is the Home of Old Asian Beliefs

The Preferred View Regarding the Origin of Shi’ism


The Sects of the Shia

The Titles of the Ithna ‘Ashariyyah Shia’s



Al-Ithna al-’Ashariyyah


Ashab al-Intizar



Al-Khassah (the special ones)

The Sects of the Ithna ‘Ashariyyah


Section One – Their Beliefs Regarding the Sources of Islam

Chapter One – Their Beliefs Regarding the Glorious Qur’an

Discussion One – Their Belief Regarding the Qur’an as a Source of Proof

a. The Qur’an Cannot be a Proof Unless it is accompanied With the Opinion of the Imam

b. Their Belief that the Knowledge of the Qur’an and its Understanding is Confined to the Imams

Analysis and Criticism of this View

Analysis of the Texts

The First Text: Wherein it is Claimed that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam

Explained the Qur’an Only to ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu

The Second Text: Whoever Seeks the Knowledge of the Qur’an from

Anyone Besides ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu will be Destroyed

The Third Text

The Fourth Text

An Analysis of this View

c. Their Belief that the Imam has the Right to Abrogate Verses, Restrict the General Commands of the Qur’an and Add Conditions to those which were Revealed Without any Conditions Attached to them, etc.

An Analysis of this Belief


Discussion Two – Their Beliefs Regarding the Interpretation of the Qur’an

a) The Qur’an Has Inner Meanings which Contradict the Apparent Meaning

An Analysis of This View

b) Their Belief that Most of the Qur’an was Revealed Regarding them and Their Enemies

The Origin of These Interpretations, Their Roots and a Few Examples

A Few Examples of Shi’i Interpretations of the Verses of the Qur’an

A Few Examples of Shi’i Interpretations of the Verses of the Qur’an continued

Discussion Three – Do the Shia Believe that the Qur’an was Interpolated?

A Preamble to the Subject:

The Birth of this Doctrine – as Stated in the Books of the Ahl al-Sunnah

The Spread of this Belief Amongst Them – as Explained in the Books of the Ahl al-Sunnah

What Do the Shi’i Sources Have to Say on this Subject?

The Inception of this Lie — Taken Directly from the Books of the Shia

The Spread of this Lie in the Book of the Shia

The Contents of the Narrations on Alterations in the Book of the Shia

Do the Shia Circulate Among Themselves Secret Copies?

The “Copy of ‘Ali”

The Amount of Narrations Pertaining to this Fabrication in the Books of the Shia, and the Weight that it Holds According to Them

Do All Shia Believe in the Authenticity of these Narrations and Regard them to be Mutawatir?

Do those who Reject this Kufr (from the Shia) do so on Account of Taqiyyah?

Ibn Babawayh and His Rejection of that which is Attributed to His Sect

Al-Tusi and His Rejection of Tahrif

Al-Sharif al-Murtada and His Rejection Tahrif

Al-Tabarsi and his Rejection of Tahrif

The Crux of the Discussion


Chapter  Two

Their Beliefs Regarding the Sunnah (Ahadith)

The Narratives of al Riqa’

The Beginning of the Compilation of Ahadith by the Shia

Types of Narrations – According to the Shia


Chapter Three

Their Beliefs Regarding Ijma’ (consensus of the Ummah)


Section Two – Their beliefs regarding the fundamentals of Islam:

Chapter One – Their belief regarding the Oneness of Allah as the Ilah (deity).

Discussion One – Interpreting the Verses of Tawhid to be a Reference to the Imams

Discussion Two – Wilayah is the Basis for the Acceptance of Deeds

Discussion Three – Their Belief that the Imams are the Intermediaries between Allah and the creation

Discussion Four – Their Belief That the Imam can Prohibit and Make Lawful What he Desires

Discussion Five – Their Belief That the Sand of Hussain’s Grave is a Cure for Every Sickness

Discussion Six – Their Supplication by way of Charms and Esoteric Symbols and Their Seeking of Help From Unknown Entities

Discussion Seven – Istikharah in ways That Resemble the Divination of the Days of Ignorance


Chapter Two – Their Beliefs Regarding the Oneness of Allah in Terms of Him Being the Rabb

Discussion One – Their belief that Rabb is their Imam

Discussion Two – Their Belief That This World and the Afterlife Both Belong to the Imam

Discussion Three – Attributing Cosmic Occurrences to the Imams

Discussion Four – A Divine Portion has Translocated into the Imams

Discussion Five – Their Belief That Days and Nights Secure Benefit and Cause Harm 


Chapter Three – Their Belief Regarding Allah’s subhanahu wa ta ‘ala Names and Attributes

Discussion One – Tajsim (Anthropomorphism)

Discussion Two – Their Denial of the Attributes of Allah

Discussion Three – Describing their Imams with the Names and Attributes of Allah

Discussion Four – Interpolation in Order to Support Their Stance of Denial


Chapter Four –  Their beliefs regarding Iman and its components.

Discussion One – Their view regarding iman, the promises, and warnings of Allah

Discussion Two – Their belief regarding the fundamentals of iman

Their belief regarding the fundamentals of Iman Part 2


Section Three –  Their fundamental beliefs and principles which are confined to the Shia:

Chapter one – Imamah

The concept of Imamah according to the Shia and its inception

The Ruling regarding a Person who denies the Imamah of One of the Twelve Imams


Chapter Two

‘Ismah of the Imams


Chapter Three

Taqiyyah (dissimulation)


Chapter Four

The Doctrine of the Mahdi and Occultation

Evidence for the Occurrence of the Ghaybah

The Representation of the Hidden Mahdi


 Chapter Five

Raj’ah (The Return)


Chapter Six

The Doctrine of Zuhur (Emergence)


Chapter Seven

The Doctrine of Bada’


Chapter Eight

The Doctrine of Tinah


Section Four – The Contemporary Shia and Their Link with Their Predecessors



Chapter One

Relationship in the sources of Talaqqi (acquisition)


Chapter Two

Their Link with the Ancient Sects


Chapter Three

The Doctrinal Connection between the Early Scholars and the Contemporaries

Discussion One  – 1 : The Belief of the Contemporaries Regarding the Book of Allah


The first perspective

The First Reaction: Outright denial of its existence in their books

The Second Reaction: Acknowledging its Existence and Attempting to Give a Plausible Explanation

The Third Reaction: Defiantly Proclaiming and Providing Evidence for it

The Twelve Misconceptions


The Forth Reaction: Overtly denying this Blasphemy whilst trying to prove it in Deceitful and Discreet Ways at the Same Time.


The Second Angle/Perspective to the discussion:

The Viewpoint of the Contemporaries regarding Interpreting the Book of Allah


Discussion 2: The Sunnah according to the Contemporaries

Discussion 3: Consensus of the Ummah according to the contemporaries

Discussion 4: Their Belief regarding the Fundamentals of Din

Discussion 5: Imamah

Discussion 6: ‘Ismah (Infallibility)

Discussion 7: Raj’ah (the return)

Discussion 8: Taqiyyah


Chapter Four

The State of the Scholars

The Ideology of its Founder – Firstly: Polytheistic leanings

Secondly Extremism in Tasawuf

Thirdly: Claiming Prophethood

Fourthly: Extremism in Shia Belief

Fifthly: His view regarding the Comprehensive Authority of the Jurist


The Opposition of some of the Shia scholars of the idea of Khomeini regarding the Representational Authority of the Jurist

The Constitution of the State of the Scholars


Chapter Five

Their influence on the Muslim world

The Doctrinal and Ideological Sphere

The Political Sphere

The Social Sphere

The Economical Sphere


The Ruling regarding them: The First Discussion – The Ruling regarding them being Innovators and not Disbelievers

The Second Discussion – The Ruling regarding their Kufr


The Epilogue


The translation of this book is complete, Alhamdulillah.

The Pdf. file has also been updated.