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The Ninth Narration

Abu Hurairah radiya Llahu ‘anhu narrates:

قام رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم حين أنزل الله وأنذر عشيرتك الأقربين قال يا معشر قريش أو كلمة نحوها اشتروا أنفسكم لا أغني عنكم من الله شيئا يا بني عبد مناف لا أغني عنكم من الله شيئا يا عباس بن عبد المطلب لا أغني عنك من الله شيئا ويا صفية عمة رسول الله لا أغني عنك من الله شيئا ويا فاطمة بنت محمد سليني ما شئت من مالي لا أغني عنك من الله شيئا

When Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala revealed the verse:

وَأَنذِرْ عَشِيْرَتَكَ الْأَقْرَبِيْنَ

And warn, [O Muhammad], your closest kindred.[1]

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam stood addressing at the top of his voice:

O people of Quraysh! Save yourselves (from Hellfire) as I cannot save you from Allah’s Punishment; O Banu ‘Abd Manaf! I cannot save you from Allah’s Punishment, O Safiyyah, the Aunt of Allah’s Apostle! I cannot save you from Allah’s Punishment; O Fatimah bint Muhammad! Ask me anything from my wealth, but I cannot save you from Allah’s Punishment.[2]

 

Another tradition recorded in Sahih al Bukhari, narrated on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas has the following addition:

 

فقال أبو لهب تبا لك سائر اليوم ألهذا جمعتنا فنزلت تبت يدا أبي لهب وتب ما أغنى عنه ماله وما كسب

Abu Lahab then said, “Did you gather us for this?” Surah Lahab was then revealed.[3]

 

Commentary and Lessons Learnt from this Narration:

  1. The high status of Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha is evident as Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam addressed her directly on the occasion of the first da’wah in the history of Islam.

 

  1. Similar is the status of Safiyyah radiya Llahu ‘anha, the aunt of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

 

  1. Similar is the status of ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhu, the uncle of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

 

  1. Similar is the status of the Banu ‘Abd Manaf.

 

  1. Similar is the status of the Quraysh.

 

  1. This narration serves as a warning to rely on their lineage. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam warned Safiyyah and Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anhuma of this. Those that come after them are to heed this to a greater extent.

 

  1. The importance of holding fast to the tenants of Shari’ah, chiefly the most important; Tawhid. The warning of shirking in this regard has been one, the severity of which cannot be overstated. Though this principle applies to all of humanity, it rings especially true to the Ahlul Bayt. Those of the Ahlul Bayt that do not adhere to monotheism face the fate of Abu Lahab and will not benefit from the intercession of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

 

  1. One of the reasons Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam singled out the high and noble from his family in this da’wah was to impress upon them the significance of accepting the Islamic faith. This faith was to spread to the distant lands and reach every corner of the globe. Multitudes of people would accept this faith and imbue within themselves Islamic principles. If his own near and dear ones did not accept this message their loss would be great and their punishment severe.

 

  1. The worry and compassion Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam had for his family and the ummah at large. His concern was for pure monotheism to rein supreme, the only ticket to paradise.

 

  1. Intercession will not benefit those who associate partners with Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala, even if the intercessor is Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and the one on whose behalf intercession is being made is his own daughter; the queen of all women. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam made this clear by saying, “Ask me anything from my wealth, but I cannot save you from Allah’s Punishment.

 

  1. The Ahlul Bayt are to be primarily concerned in earning rewards for the hereafter, not in earning the paltry gains of this world.

 

  1. The lesson of Tawhid was so deeply embedded in the heart of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, that he suspended the success of his own daughter solely on Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala. Those to come after can thus only hope for salvation through the mercy of Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala.

 

  1. No one and nothing can grant a person salvation except Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala. Those that believe certain saints or others to be their saviours are truly misguided. Furthermore, one’s own actions are not enough to guarantee success in the hereafter. Ponder over the following narration:

 

لن ينجو أحد منكم بعمله قالوا يا رسول الله ولا أنت قال ولا أنا إلا أن يتغمدني الله برحمة

None amongst you can attain salvation because of his deeds alone.

They said, “Allah’s Messenger, not even you?”

Thereupon he said, “Not even I, except that Allah should wrap me in His Mercy.”[4]

 

NEXT⇒  The Tenth Narration


[1] Surah al Shu’ara’: 214

[2] Sahih al Bukhari, Hadith: 4493.

[3] Sahih al Bukhari, Hadith: 4492.

[4] Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 5046.

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