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The Fourteenth Narration
Abu Sa’id al Khudri radiya Llahu ‘anhu relates:
أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم دخل على فاطمة ذات يوم وعلي نائم ، وهي مضطجعة وأبناؤها إلى جنبها ، فاستسقى الحسن ، فقام رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إلى لقحة فحلب لهم فأتى به فاستيقظ الحسين ، فجعل يعالج أن يشرب قبله حتى بكى فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : إن أخاك استسقى قبلك ، فقالت فاطمة : كأن الحسن آثر عندك ، قال : ما هو بآثر عندي منه ، وإنما هما عندي بمنزلة واحدة ، وإني وإياك وهما وهذا النائم لفي مكان واحد يوم القيامة
Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam came to the home of Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha one day. ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu was sleeping and she was laying down with her sons next to her. Hassan radiya Llahu ‘anhu sought something to drink so Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam stood up, milked the camel, and brought some milk. Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhu then woke up and cried to drink before Hassan radiya Llahu ‘anhu. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to him, “Your brother asked before you.”
Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha said, “It seems as though you have a preference for Hassan.”
He replied, “I don’t prefer one over the other, they are both equal to me. Myself, you, these two boys, and this one sleeping (‘Ali) will be in one place on the Day of Judgement.”
The chain of narration is sound. Imam Ahmed and others have recorded this narration as well.
Commentary and Lessons Learnt from this Narration:
- Those of the shawl, [‘Ali, Fatimah, Hassan, and Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhum] enjoy the great privilege of being with Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam in Jannat.
- No matter what status one reaches, serving the Ahlul Bayt will always be a means of attaining closeness to Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala.
- In the case of the Ahlul Bayt having differences, others will not give preference to one over another. They will be considered to be of one status.
- If the Ahlul Bayt differ, their arguments will be weighed against the Shari’ah even if their schools of thought are different. Those besides the Ahlul Bayt will more so be required to measure their differences against the yardstick of Shari’ah.
- “They are both equal to me”. This shows that Hassan, and Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhuma will not be weighed against each other to assume a greater status of one over the other. The narration which proclaims them both to be the leaders of the youth of Jannat gives strength to this view. Yes, the narrations that depict the virtue of Hassan radiya Llahu ‘anhu are greater in number and more famous. It is for this reason that Ibn Taymiyyah has, in Minhaj al Sunnah, noted Hassan as more virtuous than Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhuma. He has also claimed consensus of the Ahlus Sunnah and the Shia on this.
One should note, however, that these kinds of differences of opinion have no practical application. And Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala knows best.
- If an individual of the Ahlul Bayt seeks something to drink it is Sunnah to stand and offer them such, even if it is for a child.
- This narration refutes the falsities of the Nawasib who deem Amir al Mu’minin ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu to have turned renegade. How does their slanderous statements compare with the hadith of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam who guaranteed ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu companionship in Jannat? What greater misguidance can there possibly be? Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala save us from such folly.
- The select amongst the Ahlul Bayt should not give preference to one over another, especially with regards to those in their immediate family.
- An objection of preference given to Hassan radiya Llahu ‘anhu does not hold any water as this was not preference based on different personalities. It was preference based upon the legal maxim; ‘he who asks first shall receive first’.
- The Ahlul Bayt weren’t rigid in the observance of formalities. We see in this narration that no one woke ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu up who was sleeping in front of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. They were, thus, quite informal with each other.
- If one doesn’t fully understand the reason behind some act of the Ahlul Bayt, one should not hasten to conclusions. Open lines of communication with the scholars is key to not falling into the trap of confusion that may lead to improper assumptions.
- The most virtuous of the Ahlul Bayt can at times make mistakes in judgment. Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha assumed that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam preferred Hassan to Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhuma which certainly wasn’t the case.
NEXT⇒ The Fifteenth Narration
 Al Mu’jam al Kabir li al Tabarani, Hadith: 1016.
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