O Allah these are my Ahlul Bayt and favourites

O Allah, these are my Ahlul Bayt so remove impurity from them and purify them with extensive purification
March 7, 2019
Had there been a nabi after me, it would be ‘Umar ibn al Khattab
March 7, 2019

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O Allah these are my Ahlul Bayt and favourites

 

حدثنا محمود بن غيلان حدثنا أبو أحمد الزبيري حدثنا سفيان عن زبيد عن شهر بن حوشب عن أم سلمة أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم جلل على الحسن و الحسين  و علي و فاطمة كساء ثم قال اللهم هؤلاء أهل بيتي و خاصتي أذهب عنهم الرجس و طهرهم تطهيرا فقالت أم سلمة و أنا معهم يا رسول لله قال إنك إلى خير

Mahmud ibn Ghaylan narrated to us―Abu Ahmed al Zubairi narrated to us―Sufyan narrated to us from―Zubaid from―Shahr ibn Hawshab from―Umm Salamah that the Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam covered Hassan, Hussain, ‘Ali, and Fatimah with a shawl and submitted, “O Allah, these are my Ahlul Bayt and favourites. Remove impurity from them and purify them extensively.”

Umm Salamah asked, “Am I with them, O Messenger of Allah?”

He replied, “You are towards goodness.”[1]

 

Al Tirmidhi classified the hadith as Hassan.

Ahmed narrated it in al Musnad but there is inqita’ between Umm Salamah and ‘Ata’ ibn Abi Rabah since he says:

 

حدثني من سمع أم سلمة

One who heard directly from Umm Salamah narrated to me.[2]

 

Shahr ibn Hawshab is da’if as well.

 

حدثنا قتيبة حدثنا محمد بن سليمان الأصبهاني عن يحيى بن عبيد عن عطاء بن أبي رباح عن عمر بن أبي سلمة ربيب النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال لما نزلت هذه الآية على النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم إِنَّمَا يُرِيْدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيْرًا في بيت أم سلمة فدعا فاطمة و حسنا و حسينا فجللهم بكساء و علي خلف ظهره فجللهم بكساء ثم قال اللهم هؤلاء أهل بيتي فأذهب عنهم الرجس و طهرهم تطهيرا قالت أم سلمة و أنا معهم يا نبي الله قال أنت على مكانك و أنت على خير قال هذا حديث غريب من حديث عطاء عن عمر بن أبي سلمة

Qutaybah narrated to us―Muhammad ibn Sulaiman al Asbahani narrated to us from―Yahya ibn ‘Ubaid from―’Ata’ ibn Abi Rabah from―’Umar ibn Abi Salamah the step son of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam who relates:

When this verse was revealed upon the Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam: Allah intends only to remove from you the impurity [of sin], O people of the [Prophet’s] household, and to purify you with [extensive] purification[3] Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam called Fatimah, Hassan, and Hussain and covered them with a shawl. ‘Ali was behind him. He covered them all with a shawl and submitted, “O Allah, these are my Ahlul Bayt. Remove impurity from them and purify them extensively.”

Umm Salamah asked, “Am I with them, O Prophet of Allah?”

He replied, “You are on your place and you are upon goodness.”

This is a gharib hadith from the hadith of ‘Ata’ from ‘Umar ibn Abi Salamah.[4]

 

حدثنا قتيبة حدثنا محمد بن سليمان الأصبهاني عن يحيى بن عبيد عن عطاء بن أبي رباح عن عمر بن أبي سلمة ربيب النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال لما نزلت هذه الآية على النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم إِنَّمَا يُرِيْدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيْرًا في بيت أم سلمة فدعا فاطمة و حسنا و حسينا فجللهم بكساء و علي خلف ظهره فجللهم بكساء ثم قال اللهم هؤلاء أهل بيتي فأذهب عنهم الرجس و طهرهم تطهيرا قالت أم سلمة و أنا معهم يا نبي الله قال أنت على مكانك و أنت إلى خير و في الباب عن أم سلمة و معقل بن يسار و أبي الحمراء و أنس قال و هذا حديث غريب من هذا الوجه

Qutaybah narrated to us―Muhammad ibn Sulaiman al Asbahani narrated to us from―Yahya ibn ‘Ubaid from―’Ata’ ibn Abi Rabah from―’Umar ibn Abi Salamah the step son of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam who relates:

When this verse was revealed upon the Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam: Allah intends only to remove from you the impurity [of sin], O people of the [Prophet’s] household, and to purify you with [extensive] purification[5] Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam called Fatimah, Hassan, and Hussain and covered them with a shawl. ‘Ali was behind him. He covered them all with a shawl and submitted, “O Allah, these are my Ahlul Bayt. Remove impurity from them and purify them extensively.”

Umm Salamah asked, “Am I with them, O Prophet of Allah?”

He replied, “You are on your place and you are towards goodness.”

In this chapter, there are narrations from Umm Salamah, Ma’qal ibn Yasar, Abu al Hamra’, and Anas.

This is a gharib hadith from this chain. [6]

 

The narration which mentions Sayyidah Umm Salamah radiya Llahu ‘anha entering under the shawl has a stronger sanad than these two narrations, the weakness of which al Tirmidhi has indicated towards.

Yes, his children are among his favourites. His favourites are his wives and children. The wording cannot be specific to Sayyidah Fatimah to the exclusion of her other sisters, viz. Zainab, Ruqayyah, and Umm Kulthum radiya Llahu ‘anhunna.

 

Next⇒ Had there been a nabi after me, it would be ‘Umar ibn al Khattab


[1] Sunan al Tirmidhi vol. 5 pg. 699.

[2] Musnad Ahmed Hadith: 26508.

[3] Surah al Ahzab: 33

[4] Sunan al Tirmidhi vol. 5 pg. 351.

[5] Surah al Ahzab: 33

[6] Sunan al Tirmidhi vol. 5 pg. 663.

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