O ‘Ali, you have seven characteristics

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O ‘Ali, you have seven characteristics

 

حدثنا محمد بن المظفر ثنا عبد الله بن إسحاق ثنا إبراهيم الأنماطي ثنا القاسم بن معاوية الأنصاري حدثني عصمة بن محمد عن يحيى بن سعيد الأنصاري عن سعيد بن المسيب عن أبي سعيد الخدري قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم لعلي و ضرب بين كتفيه يا علي لك سبع خصال لا يحاجك فيهن أحد يوم القيامة أنت أول المؤمنين بالله إيمانا أوفاهم بعهد الله و أقومهم بأمر الله و أرفأهم بالرعية و أقسمهم بالسوية و أعلمهم بالقضية و أعظمهم مزية يوم القيامة

Muhammad ibn al Muzaffar narrated to us―’Abdullah ibn Ishaq narrated to us―Ibrahim al Anmati narrated to us―Qasim ibn Muawiyah al Ansari narrated to us―’Ismah ibn Muhammad narrated to me from―Yahya ibn Sa’id al Ansari from―Sa’id ibn al Musayyab from―Abu Sa’id al Khudri who reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to ‘Ali after patting him on his shoulders:

O ‘Ali, you have seven characteristics. No one will dispute with you in them on the Day of Qiyamah. You are the first to embrace Islam, the most diligent in fulfilling the covenant of Allah, the most religious in upholding the command of Allah, the most compassionate to his subordinates, the best distributor with equity, the most knowledgeable in judgement, and the greatest in excellence on the Day of Qiyamah.

 

The narration is mawdu’. Al Suyuti classified it mawdu’.[1]

 

‘Ismah ibn Muhammad

  • Ibn Hibban considered him reliable due to his recognised leniency in this matter.
  • Abu Hatim commented, “He is not qawi (reliable).”
  • Yahya declared him a kadhab who fabricates hadith.
  • Al ‘Uqayli said, “He narrated batil narrations from reliable narrators.”
  • Al Daraqutni and others labelled him matruk.[2]
  • Ibn Abi Hatim says that he asked his father about him to which he replied, “He is not qawi (reliable).”[3]

 

Next⇒ O ‘Ali, if my ummah hates you, Allah will throw them on their noses into Hell


[1] Al La’ali al Masnu’ah vol. 1 pg. 296.

[2] Mizan al I’tidal vol. 5 pg. 86.

[3] Al Jarh wa al Ta’dil vol. 7 pg. 20.