Mention to us the lineage of your Rabb. Upon this Qul huwa Allahu ahad was revealed

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Mention to us the lineage of your Rabb. Upon this Qul huwa Allahu ahad was revealed

 

انسب لنا ربك فنزلت قل هو الله أحد

Mention to us the lineage of your Rabb. Upon this Qul huwa Allahu ahad was revealed

 

Al Albani clarifies, “Its isnad is da’if due to the weak memory of Abu Jafar al Razi. Abu Sa’d al Khurasani is Muhammad ibn Muyassir al Ju’fi al Saghani al Balkhi al Darir. He is the only narrator, however, he has a tabi’ as shall soon come. The hadith has been documented by Ahmed[1], al Tirmidhi[2], Ibn Jarir[3] from other chains from Abu Sa’d. However, in the first two, his statement: “He said al Samad (the Independent),” does not appear. Muhammad ibn Ishaq is his tabi’. He reports that Abu Jafar al Razi narrated to him the entire hadith. Al Hakim documents this[4] and comments that it has a sahih isnad. Al Dhahabi concurs. However, you have realised that this is not the case due to the weakness of al Razi. Coupled with this, al Tirmidhi has pointed out another flaw which is irsal. He narrates it from the chain of ‘Ubaidullah ibn Musa from Abu Jafar al Razi. He mentioned it without saying: from Ubay ibn Ka’b meaning that he made irsal of the narration. Al Bukhari indicated towards it being mursal in al Tarikh al Saghir[5].

Al Tirmidhi comments, “This is more authentic than the hadith of Abu Sa’d.”

 

ثنا محمد بن مصفى ثنا الوليد بن مسلم ثنا محمد بن حمزة بن يوسف ابن عبد الله بن سلام عن أبيه أن عبد الله بن سلام قال لأحبار اليهود إني أريد أن أحدث بمسجد أبينا إبراهيم و إسماعيل عهدا قال فلما نظر إليه رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال أنت عبد الله بن سلام قال قلت نعم قال قلت فأنعت لنا ربك قال قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُوْلَدْ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَّهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ و قرأه علينا رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم

Muhammad ibn Musaffa narrated to us―al Walid ibn Muslim narrated to us―Muhammad ibn Hamzah ibn Yusuf ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Salam narrated to us from―his father that ‘Abdullah ibn Salam said to the Jewish Rabbis, “I intend to narrate in the Masjid of our father Ibrahim and Ismail for a long time now.”

When Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam gazed at him, he asked, “You are ‘Abdullah ibn Salam?”

I replied in the affirmative. I then said, “Describe your Rabb to us.”

He replied, “Say: He is Allah, [who is] One, Allah, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.” Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam recited it to us.

The isnad is da’if and the narrators are considered reliable. However, Hamzah ibn Yusuf ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Salam never met his grandfather ‘Abdullah ibn Salam radiya Llahu ‘anhu, and Ibn Hibban is the only one to deem him reliable.

 

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[1] Musnad Ahmed vol. 5 pg. 133.

[2] Jami’ al Tirmidhi vol. 2 pg. 2401.

[3] Ibn Jarir vol. 30 pg. 221.

[4] Al Mustadrak vol. 2 pg. 540.

[5] Al Tarikh al Saghir vol. 2 pg. 280.

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