Marital Relations Between the House of Talhah and the Ahlul Bayt, as well as the Banu Taym

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Marital Relations Between the House of Talhah and the Ahlul Bayt, as well as the Banu Taym

 

1. Hassan ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib

Sayyidina Hassan radiya Llahu ‘anhu married the daughter of Sayyidina Talhah radiya Llahu ‘anhu, Umm Ishaq bint Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullah. They were blessed with three children: Fatimah, Umm ‘Abdullah, and a son who Sayyidina Hassan named Talhah.

  • Al Mufid: Kitab al Irshad (pg. 194)
  • ‘Abbas al Qummi: Muntaha al Amal (pg. 1/651, subchapter 12)
  • Al Arbili: Kashf al Ghummah fi Ma’rifat al A’immah (2/575)
  • Al Jaza’iri: Al Anwar al Nu’maniyyah (1/373)
  • Ibn Habib: Al Muhabbar (pg. 66)
  • Mus’ab al Zubairi: Nasab Quraysh (pg. 50)
  • Ibn Qutaybah: Al Ma’arif (pg. 212)
  • Ibn Taqtaqi: Al Asili fi Ansab al Talibiyin (pg. 62)

 

Al Jaza’iri writes:

The mother of Hussain al Athram ibn Hassan, Talhah, and Fatimah was Umm Ishaq bint Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullah al Taymi.[1]

 

Mus’ab al Zubairi says:

Talhah ibn Hassanدرج: His mother is Umm Ishaq bint Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullah al Taymi. His uterine sisters are Fatimah bint Hussain ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib and Aminah bint ‘Abdullah bin Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al Siddiq.[2]

 

This is mentioned in a number of other references which we have omitted for brevity.

 

2. Hussain ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib

Sayyidina Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhu married Umm Ishaq bint Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullah al Taymi. Sayyidina Hassan radiya Llahu ‘anhu had made a bequest to his brother to marry her after his demise, which Sayyidina Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhu fulfilled. They were blessed with a daughter Fatimah bint Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhum.

  • Al Mufid: Kitab al Irshad (pg. 194)
  • ‘Abbas al Qummi: Muntaha al Amal (pg. 1/651, subchapter 12)
  • Al Jaza’iri: Al Anwar al Nu’maniyyah (1/374)
  • Mus’ab al Zubairi: Nasab Quraysh (pg. 59)
  • Ibn Qutaybah: Al Ma’arif (pg. 213)

This too is recorded in a number of references, one can but just marvel at the desire of the Ahlul Bayt radiya Llahu ‘anhum to keep this noble woman—Umm Ishaq bint Talhah—in their wedlock.

 

3. ‘Abdah bint ‘Ali ibn Hussain ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib

The daughter of the ‘Ali Zayn al ‘Abidin, considered to be the fourth infallible Imam by the Shia, was married to the great grandson of Sayyidina Talhah radiya Llahu ‘anhu, Nuh ibn Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullah.

  • Mus’ab al Zubairi: Nasab Quraysh (pg. 62)

 

Mus’ab al Zubairi writes:

‘Abdah was married to Muhammad ibn Muawiyah ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Jafar for whom she bore children. After him, she wed ‘Ali ibn Hussain ibn Hassan ibn ‘Ali and they were blessed with Hassan and Muhammad. After that she was married by Nuh ibn Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullah, in whose wedlock she passed away.

 

4. Hassan (al Muthallath) ibn Hassan (al Muthanna) ibn Hassan ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib

The grandson of Sayyidina Hassan radiya Llahu ‘anhu married Aisha bint Talhah, the daughter of Sayyidina Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullah radiya Llahu ‘anhu.

  • ‘Abbas al Qummi: Muntaha al Amal (pg. 1/485, Mu’assat al Nashr; 1/361, al Dar al Islamiyyah)

 

‘Abbas al Qummi writes while discussing the children of Hassan al Muthallath:

He had six sons: Talhah, ‘Abbas, Hamzah, Ibrahim, ‘Abdullah, and ‘Ali. As for Talhah he left no descendants; as for ‘Abbas, his mother is Aisha bint Talhah (al Jud)[3].

 

Al Qummi referred to him with the title “al Jud” which refers to none other than Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullah ibn ‘Uthman ibn ‘Amr ibn Ka’b ibn Sa’d ibn Taym ibn Murrah ibn Ka’b ibn Lu’ayy ibn Ghalib ibn Fahr ibn Malik ibn Nadr ibn Kinanah. Sayyidina Talhah radiya Llahu ‘anhu was given the titles of al Khayr and al Fayyad, on account of his generosity and open-handedness.

 

5. ‘Awn ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib

The grandson of Amir al Mu’minin ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu married Hafsah bint ‘Imran ibn Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullah al Taymi.

  • Ibn Habib: Al Muhabbar (pg. 448)

 

Ibn Habib writes:

Hafsah bint ‘Imran ibn Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullah married [first] Qasim ibn ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan, then Hashim ibn ‘Abdul Malik, then Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn ‘Uthman, then ‘Awn ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib, then ‘Abdullah ibn Hassan ibn Hussain, then ‘Uthman ibn ‘Urwah ibn Zubair.

 

6. Abu ‘Ali Ibrahim ibn Muhammad (al Muhaddith) ibn Hassan ibn Muhammad (al Jawani) ibn ‘Ubaidullah al A’raj ibn Hassan (al Asghar) ibn ‘Ali (Zayn al ‘Abidin)

He was married to a woman from the Banu Taym.

The researcher on the book ‘Umdat al Talib of Ibn ‘Inabah writes:

Al ‘Umari says in al Majdi: Abu al Hassan ‘Ali was born and raised in Kufah. His mother and the mother of his uterine brother, Hussain, was a Taymiyyah. He passed away in Kufah, and his grave is close to Kindah…[4]

 

NEXT⇒ Marital Relations Between the House of Dhu al Nurayn and the Ahlul Bayt as well as with the Banu Umayyah


[1] Al Anwar al Nu’maniyyah, 1/373.

[2] Nasab Quraysh, pg. 50.

[3] The majority of sources I have referred to list the husbands of Aisha bint Talhah as follows: ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abdul Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al Siddiq, after him Mus’ab ibn Zubair, after him ‘Umar ibn ‘Ubaidullah ibn Ma’mar ibn ‘Uthman al Taymi. However, some sources also include Hassan al Muthallath amongst her husbands. It is possible that he was the last person that she married. This has been reported by al Tabari in his Tarikh (4/417, events of the year 144 A.H). It is also recorded in Maqatil al Talibiyin, pg. 171; and Muntaha al Amal as mentioned above.  

[4] ‘Umdat al Talib, footnotes, pg. 294, Ansariyan.

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