Islam and the Earliest Muslims Two Conflicting Portraits

Prerequisites for Universal faith
August 6, 2015
Accusation regarding Abu Bakr and `Umar not being present at the Janazah of Rasulullah
August 13, 2015

This slim volume is neither meant to demonstrate soundness of any particular creed, systems of belief or school of thoughts nor is this a polemical or scholastic effort to refute the beliefs of any sects. This work may prove disappointing to those who go through it with a view to find such matters discussed in it. There are innumerable works on the subject. Especially in languages spoken by the Muslims, such as Arabic, Persian and Urdu; so large is their number that it is not possible to touch upon them even briefly.

This work seeks to present a sketch of the earliest, ideal era of Islam; the period of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and his Sahabah; the new mode of thought and feelings Islam had produced; all of which was the result of Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam teachings and guidance. It shows how the guidance provided by Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam differed and surpassed the endeavours of all previous reformers and founders of religions. The first Islamic society that came to existence solely through the efforts of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam has been presented through the light of verifiable facts of history. The book brings out the divine scheme for the protection of the Qur’an against every form of corruption, since it was destined to remain the last revelation from Allah for the guidance of humanity. It also highlights the basic difference in the policy pursued by the harbingers of revolution and founders of empires for perpetuation of dynastic rule, on the one hand, and the prophetic system and disposition, on the other, essential for bringing man to the threshold of Allah. This distinction is also illustrated by the behaviour, character and morals of Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam household. The matters discussed in this connection bring into relief the need as well as the importance of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam himself being the ultimate authority in every matter pertaining to creed and law from the inception of the prophetic mission to the end of time — the essentiality of the doctrine of Khatm al-Nubuwwah (finality of nubuwwah).

This doctrine upheld through consensus of the Ahlus Sunnah wa l-Jama`ah, uniformly and continuously, and the way it has been perceptible throughout the life-time of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and in subsequent ages has been set side by side with the beliefs and deeds of the Ithna ‘Ashariyyah (Twelvers) sect of the Shia (from its first protagonist to `Allamah Khomeini) as presented in the authentic works of their eminent theologians. It has been left to the discretion — common sense, prudence and better judgment—of the readers to form their own opinion as to which of the two portrayals is upheld by the Qur’an as well as accepted by the historians, Muslim and non-Muslim. It has been left to the judgment of the readers to decide which of the two presentations of Islam befits a Nabi who was undoubtedly the most successful nabi of Allah and the greatest guide and reformer the world has ever seen. They can decide which of the two versions is consistent with the claim of a religion to show the path of godliness and virtue to all races and nations in every time and clime, to make man loving and kind-hearted and self-sacrificing, and to raise him to the highest reaches of humanness from the level of animalism.

Abu al-Hasan ‘Ali Nadwi


19 Safar 1405 A.H /14 November 1984

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Islam and the Earliest Muslims Two Contradictory Portraits

Prerequisites for Universal faith


Miraculous Guidance

Success of Prophetic Guidance

Ambiya and Political Strategists

Pure and Simple Scripture

Fount of Guidance

Miraculous moulding of Hearts.

The Soul shining through its Crystal-covering.

Khalifah ‘Ali’s Testimony

Attestation by European Scholars

Testimony of a Shi’i Scholar

Khalifah ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan

Khalifah ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib

Puritanical Life of the earlier Khulafa

Integrity of Abu Bakr.

Khalifah ‘Umar’s journey to Syria

`Ali and His Predecessors

Sahabah and the Ahlul Bayt.

Heavenly Social Order.

The Picture painted by the Shia

Pronouncements of ‘Allamah Khomeini

Impressions of Muhsin-al-Mulk

Observation of Imam Sha’bi

Shia Presumption


Rasulullah’s salla Llahu `alayhi wa sallam attitude towards his Household

The Last to receive any favour

Key to Salvation

Order of Khilafah


Accuracy and preservation of the Qur’an

Testimony of non-Muslim Scholars

Shia Creed in regard to the Qur’an

Indifference to the Qur’an

An Eye-opener to Deniers of the Qur’an


The Doctrine of Imamah

Iranian Influence

Faith in Imam al-Gha’ib

‘Allamah Khomeini’s views about the A’immah

A Beatific Vision of Shah Wali Allah

The Glorious Lamp of Heaven

Eulogistic Poetry

Approbation or Denunciation

Character of ‘Ali and his Progeny

Contradictory Pictures of Early Islamic Era

Shia creed of ‘Allamah Khomeini

Followers of ‘Allamah Khomeini

Significance of Creed in Islam

The Secret of Khomeini’s Success

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