ألحمد لله رب العالمين والصلاة والسلام على سيد الأولين والآخرين إمام الرسل وخاتم النبيين وعلى آله و أهل بيته و أصحابه و على أتباعه بإحسان إلى يوم الدين و على جميع عباد الله الصالحين
All praise belongs to Allah and peace and blessings be upon Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.
Previously I compiled a detailed biography of Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu, and it is now my intention to discuss the biographies of his two sons―the dear grandsons of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam: Sayyidina Hassan and Sayyidina Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhuma. The position and status of these two illustrious personalities is extremely lofty and collecting their biographies is an important task. Over the centuries, the ‘ulama―according to their personal style―have written on this topic. It is now my honour to present to the esteemed readers whatever subject matter, as per my limited and deficient ability, I have managed to gather on this subject. I have tried to the best of my ability to present and bring to the fore the virtues and merits of these two personalities, as far as their character, ‘ibadah (worship), social dealings, and services rendered to the ummah are concerned.
The learned are well aware that the incidents of the lives of these two personalities, Sayyidina Hassan and Sayyidina Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhuma―from the beginning to the end―are intertwined, and the story or narration of one is somehow or the other linked to the next. It is only the latter part of their lives that were separate. Due to this, there was some difficulty in compiling the biographies of these two august personalities separately, and it was virtually impossible to abstain from repeating certain incidents.
Nevertheless, this humble servant has divided their biographies into 5 chapters, wherein I have tried to present their life story following a certain pattern, together with adding some important discussions at the end of the fifth chapter. Please excuse the humble author if you find any discrepancies or deficiencies in this manner of presentation.
و العذر عند كرام الناس مقبول
And the noble always accept the excuse presented before them.
A Brief Overview of the Book
The book has been divided into the following chapters:
Chapter 1: Their lives during the era of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.
Chapter 2: Their lives during the reign of the first three Khalifas radiya Llahu ‘anhum.
Chapter 3: Their lives during the reign of their father, Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu.
Chapter 4: Incidents during the reign of Sayyidina Hassan radiya Llahu ‘anhu and a brief discussion on the circumstances surrounding his death.
Chapter 5: The events that occurred during the time of Sayyidina Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhu. His martyrdom will be discussed towards the end. Other important aspects will be added thereafter. And as a conclusion, we will briefly discuss his son, Zayn al ‘Abidin, Allah willing.
It would be beneficial to mention on the outset that this biography has been written in accordance to the stance of the Ahlus Sunnah wa l-Jama’ah, and not in accordance to the stance of the Shia. It also does not conform to the views of the Khawarij and Nawasib, who have also overstepped the path of moderation.
The correct path is the path adopted by the Ahlus Sunnah wa l-Jama’ah, which is the path of moderation, and with the help of Allah we will present this biography in accordance to their beliefs.