The issue of Fadak has been seen as a point of criticism for Abu Bakr, but is it perhaps misplaced criticism? Think about it carefully.
The Caliphate is usurped from Imam ‘Ali ‘alayh al Salam; Fatimah ‘alayha al Salam is physically beaten, her unborn child is killed, yet nobody says anything or demands any retribution? Then Fatimah ‘alayha al Salam makes a demand. What does she demand? Her inheritance! Whom does she demand it from? From the same people who broke into her house and caused the death of her unborn child. It doesn’t stop here; she expresses her anger at Abu Bakr because he refused her, her inheritance!
The Caliphate was stolen but she is only angry about the inheritance! Her child is killed yet she is upset about the inheritance!
Think about it realistically: Had all of these events really transpired, would al Zahra’ ‘alayha al Salam only go to demand inheritance? Does this fall within the realm of sound reason?
Sheikh al Tijani, in his book, Then I was Guided, says:
Fatimah ‘alayha al Salam, the daughter of the Messenger, sent for Abu Bakr to demand from him her inheritance from the Messenger of Allah, to which Abu Bakr refused.
Abu Bakr heard the Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam saying, “The Messengers leave nothing in inheritance: not one dinar or dirham.” For this reason, he did not distribute any of the inheritance.
When we say that Abu Bakr wronged Al Zahra’ ‘alayha al Salam by not handing over Fadak to her, and that ‘Umar came after him and maintained the policy of oppression by not giving the heirs of Al Zahra’ their rightful share of Fadak. Then ‘Uthman came along and continued that trend. But what about Amir al Mu’minin ‘alayh al Salam? When he assumed leadership formally, he also did not give over Fadak to the heirs!
Why, then, did he not hand over Fadak to our Imams, Hassan ‘alayh al Salam and Hussain ‘alayh al Salam, and Umm Kulthum ‘alayh al Salam who are all the heirs of Al Zahra’ ‘alayha al Salam.
Another point to consider is this: if Fadak was indeed inheritance that was meant to be distributed after the Prophet’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam demise, then it would be necessary to distribute it among all the heirs. Thus, Al Zahra’, along with all of the wives of the Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, stood to inherit, including ‘Abbas, as they are all heirs of the Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam from his close family.
NEXT⇒ The Children of the Imams in the Darknesses of OblivionBack to top