Hadith 171: You will explain to my Ummah what they are differing about after me.

Hadith 170: Verily the Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said in his illness, “Call my brother for me.”…
February 4, 2019
Hadith 172: I made you a sign for what is between me and my Ummah; whoever does not follow you has disbelieved.
February 4, 2019

BACK⇒ Return to Table of contents

Hadith 171

أنت تبين لأمتي ما اختلفوا فيه من بعدي.

You will explain to my Ummah what they are differing about after me.

 


This hadith is narrated by Anas with the following chains of transmission:

  1. Al Hakim narrates this version of the hadith — from Dirar ibn Surad — Mu’tamir ibn Sulaiman narrated to us — I heard my father mention from al Hassan — from Anas ibn Malik who said, “The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to ‘Ali…”[1]

Al Hakim said, “This hadith is sahih (authentic) according to the conditions of both al Bukhari and Muslim. They did not include it in their collection.”

Al Dhahabi disagreed and said, “Rather, it is—according to me—fabricated by the aforementioned Dirar ibn Surad in the chain of transmission. Ibn Ma’in said he was a kadhdhab (liar).”[2]

Al Albani ruled the hadith a fabrication.[3]

 

  1. Abu Nuaim narrates this version of the hadith — from Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn Maymun‘Ali ibn ‘Ayyash narrated to us — from al Harith ibn Hasirah — from al Qasim ibn Jundub — from Anas…[4]

As mentioned previously, this hadith is mawdu’ (fabricated). A number of people have ruled it a fabrication.

 

  1. Ibn ‘Asakir narrates this version of the hadith with a chain of transmission that contains the narrator Abu Hamzah al Thumali.[5] He is matruk (suspected of forgery).

It also contains the narrator Ishaq ibn Muhammad ibn Marwan al Kufi. He is not to be considered a form of admissible proof.

It also contains the narrator Abu Ishaq al Sabi’i. He is a mudallis[6] (obfuscates when he narrates) and a mukhtalit (commits serious errors).

 

In short, the hadith is mawdu’ (fabricated) and saqit (wholly unreliable) in all of its variant chains of transmission.

 

NEXT⇒ Hadith 172


[1] Al Hakim: Mustadrak al Hakim, 3/4620.

[2] Ibn al Mulaqqin: Mukhtasar Talkhis al Hakim, 3/1348.

[3] Al Albani: Silsilat al Ahadith al Da’ifah, 10/4891.

[4] Abu Nuaim: Hilyat al Awliyaʾ, 1/63.

[5] Ibn ‘Asakir: Tarikh Dimashq, 42/386.

[6] For an explanation of this term, Click Here. [translator’s note]

Back to top