Hadith 148: I asked the Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, “O Messenger of Allah, verily Allah does not send a Prophet except that He makes clear to him who will take charge after him, did He clarify for you?” He said, “No.” Then I asked him (again) after that and he said, “Yes, ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib.”

Hadith 147: “My name in the Qurʾan is, ‘By the sun and its brightness,’[1] and the name of ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib is, ‘And [by] the moon when it follows it,’….
February 4, 2019
Hadith 149: Abu Bakr al Siddiq entered the presence of the Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and sat near him….
February 4, 2019

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Hadith 148

سألت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: قلت: يا رسول الله، إن الله لم يبعث نبيا إلا يبين له من يلي من بعده، فهل بين لك؟ فقال: لا. ثم سألته بعد ذلك، فقال: نعم، علي بن أبي طالب.

I asked the Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, “O Messenger of Allah, verily Allah does not send a Prophet except that He makes clear to him who will take charge after him, did He clarify for you?” He said, “No.” Then I asked him (again) after that and he said, “Yes, ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib.”

 


Al ‘Uqayli narrates (and Ibn al Jawzi in a similar manner) — Ahmed ibn al Hussain narrated to us — Muhammad ibn Humaid narrated to us — Salamah ibn al Fadl narrated to us — from Muhammad ibn Ishaq — from Hakim ibn Jubayr — from al Hassan ibn Sufyan — from al Asbagh ibn Sufyan al Kalbi — from ‘Abdul ‘Aziz ibn Marwan — from Abu Hurairah — from Salman…[1]

This hadith is a lie.

Ibn al Jawzi says: “This hadith is mawdu’ (fabricated). It contains Hakim ibn Jubayr. Yahya (ibn Ma’in) says laysa bi shay (worthless). Al Sa’di says he is a kadhdhab (liar). Al ‘Uqayli says he is wah al hadith (feeble in hadith).”[2]

Al Hassan and al Asbagh are both majhul (unknown) and unidentified. They are only known in this hadith.

The chain of transmission also contains the narrator Salamah ibn al Fadl. Regarding him, Ibn al Madini said, “We discarded his hadith.”

It also contains the narrator Muhammad ibn Humaid. Both Abu Zur’ah and Ibn Warah deemed him a kadhdhab (liar). Ibn Hibban said, “He narrates solitary reports from reliable narrators that are maqlub (inverted).”

The following people also regarded the hadith is fabricated: al Dhahabi, al Suyuti, Ibn ‘Iraq, and al Shawkani.[3]

 

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[1] Al ‘Uqayli: al Du’afaʾ al Kabir, 1/130; Ibn al Jawzi: Kitab al Mawdu’at, 1/372.

[2] Ibn al Jawzi: Kitab al Mawdu’at, 1/372.

[3] Al Dhahabi: Mizan al I’tidal, 1/584; al Suyuti: al Laʾali al Masnu’ah, 1/326; Ibn ‘Iraq: Tanzih al Shari’ah, 1/356; al Shawkani: al Fawaʾid al Majmu’ah, hadith no. 321.

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