Hadith 139: O ‘Ali, I overcame you regarding Prophethood and there is no Prophethood after me…..

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Hadith 139

يا علي أخصمك بالنبوة، ولا نبوة بعدي، وتخصم الناس بسبع، ولا يحاجك فيها أحد من قريش: أنت أولهم إيمانا بالله، وأوفاهم بعهد الله، وأقومهم بأمر الله، وأقسمهم بالسوية، وأعدلهم في الرعية، وأبصرهم بالقضية، وأعظمهم عند الله مزية.

O ‘Ali, I overcame you regarding Prophethood and there is no Prophethood after me. You overpowered people regarding seven things, no one from Quraysh can dispute with you regarding: you were the first of them to bring faith in Allah; you are the most loyal of them regarding the covenant of Allah; you are the most upright of them regarding the command of Allah; you are the most equitable of them in distribution; you are the most just of them regarding their (own) ra’iyyah (flock); you are the most far-sighted in judgement; and you enjoy the greatest privilege from them by Allah.”

 


This hadith is narrated from Muaz, ‘Umar, Abu Sa’id, and Ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhum.

 

The Hadith of Muaz

Abu Nuaim narrates this version of the hadith (and Ibn ‘Asakir in a similar manner) — Ibrahim ibn Ahmed ibn Abi Hussain narrated to us — Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah al Hadrami narrated to us — Khalaf ibn Khalid al ‘Abdi al Basri narrated to us — Bishr ibn Ibrahim al Ansari narrated to us — from Thawr ibn Yazid — from Khalid ibn Ma’dan — from Muaz ibn Jabal who said, “The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said…”[1]

The chain of transmission is saqit (wholly unreliable).

Bishr ibn Ibrahim al Ansari fabricates hadith from reliable narrators.[2]

 

The Hadith of ‘Umar

Ibn ‘Asakir narrates this version of the hadith — from Yasin ibn Muhammad — from Abu Hazim al Madini.[3] He is unidentified. Al Azdi said he is matruk (suspected of forgery).[4]

It also contains the narrators ‘Amr ibn ‘Uthman ibn Rashid al Sawwaq and ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud al Shami. I could not trace them.

Ibn al Jawzi narrates this hadith from al Hussain ibn ‘Ubaidullah al Abzari.[5] He is a kadhdhab (liar).

Abu Bakr ibn Mardawayh narrates this hadith from ‘Ali ibn al Mubarak al Rabi’i. He is suspected of lying.

Al Dhahabi, Ibn Hajar, and Ibn ‘Iraq all followed Ibn al Jawzi in ruling the hadith a fabrication.[6]

 

The Hadith of Abu Sa’id

Abu Nuaim narrates this hadith from ‘Ismah ibn Muhammad.[7] He is a kadhdhab (liar) and he fabricates hadith.

It also contains the narrator al Qasim ibn Muawiyah al Ansari. I could not trace who he is.

Abu Nuaim also narrates this hadith from Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul Rahman al Qushayri, the kadhdhab (liar).[8]

Al Shawkani and al Albani mention this hadith among other fabricated nations.[9]

Al Suyuti also mentions this hadith in his work on fabrications.[10]

In short, the hadith is mawdu’ (fabricated). All of its chains of transmission are saqitah (wholly unreliable) and wahiyah (feeble).

 

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[1] Abu Nuaim: Hilyat al Awliyaʾ, 1/65-66.

[2] Ibn ‘Adi: al Kamil, 2/14; Ibn Hibban: Kitab al Majruhin, 1/189.

[3] Ibn ‘Asakir: Tarikh Dimashq, 42/58.

[4] Al Dhahabi: Mizan al I’tidal, 4/358; Ibn Hajar: Lisan al Mizan, 6/238.

[5] Ibn al Jawzi: Kitab al Mawdu’at, 1/343.

[6] Al Dhahabi: Mizan al I’tidal, 3/152; Ibn Hajar: Lisan al Mizan, 4/252; Ibn ‘Iraq: Tanzih al Shari’ah, 1/352.

[7] Abu Nuaim: Hilyat al Awliyaʾ, 1/66.

[8] Ibid., 10/211.

[9] Al Shawkani: al Fawaʾid al Majmu’ah, hadith no. 304; al Albani: Silsilat al Ahadith al Da’ifah, 10/4912, 4913.

[10] Al Suyuti: al Ziyadat ‘ala al Mawdu’at, 1/267.

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