All the proofs we have stated previously regarding glad tidings of Jannat for the Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum, promises of the best rewards from Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala, and everlasting bliss on the Day of Qiyamah are considered among the most conclusive evidences proving their innocence from hypocrisy, which the fabricators made every conceivable effort to attribute and affix to the Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum, using that as a basis to create misgivings conflating the presence of hypocrites in Madinah.
Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala has given the hypocrites glad tidings of Hell. In fact, Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala promised them the lowest depths of it. Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala says:
بَشِّرِ الْمُنَافِقِيْنَ بِأَنَّ لَهُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيْمًا
Give tidings to the hypocrites that there is for them a painful punishment.
إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِيْنَ فِيْ الدَّرْكِ الْأَسْفَلِ مِنَ النَّارِ وَلَنْ تَجِدَ لَهُمْ نَصِيْرًا
Indeed, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire – and never will you find for them a helper.
Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala has given glad tidings of Jannat to Sahabah of His Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. Glad tidings were given to the participants of Tabuk who numbered 30 000; glad tidings were given to the Companions of Bay’at al Ridwan who numbered 1400; glad tidings were given to the participants of Badr who numbered 313. It is not possible to ascribe hypocrisy to this great army of believers after all these glad tidings in their honour except with regarding the Qur’an to be incorrect and false or attributing inconsistency and discrepancy to Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala. And Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala is high above what they ascribe to Him. How is it even conceivable that portions of the Qur’an address the Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum as having everlasting abodes in Jannat whilst other portions address the Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum as having everlasting abodes in Jahannam?!
As for the presence of some hypocrites in Madinah, this is said to create a doubt and spiderweb of confusion, because the hypocrites were certainly not unknown figures existing in the Ummah, and clearly, they were never a sizable number nor formed the bulk of the Ummah. Rather they were few despicable known individuals whose affairs led to disgrace and humiliation. Some of them were known specifically and others via their characteristics, but they were never major players in Islamic history nor were they leaders during triumphs and conquests. Instead, they are only known for their retreat, hindrance, and plotting throughout Islamic history. We will refute all doubts in detail in the upcoming pages.
The appearance of the hypocrites did not occur in Makkah, rather the initial appearance was in Madinah.
The appearance of hypocrisy—defined as trying to gain influence over the truth and to subdue those who follow the truth which is why the hypocrites set forth unimpaired—came about due to longing (for the status quo to return) or out of fear, whereas the hearts contained disbelief and disdain. The hypocrites in Madinah were but a few despicable individuals due to the degree of weakness in proclaiming the disbelief, with which they were pleased, coupled with their outward show to those who were truthful and their strife. So this disbelief remained confined in their hearts and was not manifest except via some slips of the tongue or being called up due to some conditions (e.g. at war to assist but failing to do so).
Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala promised the believers that He would separate the filth from the pure, and rip apart the cover up of the hypocrites either individually like what was done in relation to some or by describing their characteristics, which is the general way, so that the believers are not left blindsided regarding the affair of these hypocrites.
مَّا كَانَ اللهُ لِيَذَرَ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ عَلىٰ مَا أَنتُمْ عَلَيْهِ حَتّىٰ يَمِيْزَ الْخَبِيْثَ مِنَ الطَّيِّبِ وَمَا كَانَ اللهُ لِيُطْلِعَكُمْ عَلَى الْغَيْبِ وَلٰكِنَّ اللهَ يَجْتَبِيْ مِنْ رُّسُلِهِ مَنْ يَشَاءُ فَآمِنُوْا بِاللهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَإِنْ تُؤْمِنُوْا وَتَتَّقُوْا فَلَكُمْ أَجْرٌ عَظِيْمٌ
Allah would not leave the believers in that [state] you are in [presently] until He separates the evil from the good. Nor would Allah reveal to you the unseen. But [instead], Allah chooses of His messengers whom He wills, so believe in Allah and His messengers. And if you believe and fear Him, then for you is a great reward.
It is essential that Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala places different trials and tribulations to distinguish the true believers from the shameless hypocrites.
أَمْ حَسِبَ الَّذِيْنَ فِيْ قُلُوْبِهِمْ مَّرَضٌ أَنْ لَّنْ يُخْرِجَ اللهُ أَضْغَانَهُمْ وَلَوْ نَشَاءُ لَأَرَيْنَاكَهُمْ فَلَعَرَفْتَهُمْ بِسِيْمَاهُمْ وَلَتَعْرِفَنَّهُمْ فِيْ لَحْنِ الْقَوْلِ وَاللهُ يَعْلَمُ أَعْمَالَكُمْ
Or do those in whose hearts is disease think that Allah would never expose their [feelings of] hatred? And if We willed, We could show them to you, and you would know them by their mark; but you will surely know them by the tone of [their] speech. And Allah knows your deeds.
Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala did not individually point out all the hypocrites to His Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, as His veil for mankind, choosing to decide matters based on what is apparently displayed, leaving what is done in secret to the knowledge of Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala. Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam would recognise them by the tone of their speech, which manifests their true intentions and objectives. And like that their matter led to humiliation and ruin and, in a nutshell, they were known people in society.
The continuous trials that the believers endured in Madinah had the most astounding effect in exposing the reality of the hypocrites in such a way that they no longer remained hidden in the vastness of the Ummah. They were exposed as few wretched ones. Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala hastened their disgrace in this world and revealed their true intentions before the whole world.
In the Ghazwah (Battle) of al Ahzab, the positions of the believers and the hypocrites parted. Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala says regarding what the believers said thereafter:
وَلَمَّا رَأَى الْمُؤْمِنُوْنَ الْأَحْزَابَ قَالُوْا هٰذَا مَا وَعَدَنَا اللهُ وَرَسُوْلُهُ وَصَدَقَ اللهُ وَرَسُوْلُهُ وَمَا زَادَهُمْ إِلَّا إِيْمَانًا وَتَسْلِيْمًا
And when the believers saw the companies, they said, “This is what Allah and His Messenger had promised us, and Allah and His Messenger spoke the truth.” And it increased them only in faith and acceptance.
As for the hypocrites, Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala says regarding them:
وَإِذْ يَقُوْلُ الْمُنَافِقُوْنَ وَالَّذِيْنَ فِيْ قُلُوْبِهِمْ مَّرَضٌ مَّا وَعَدَنَا اللهُ وَرَسُوْلُهُ إِلَّا غُرُوْرًا وَإِذْ قَالَتْ طَّائِفَةٌ مِّنْهُمْ يَا أَهْلَ يَثْرِبَ لَا مُقَامَ لَكُمْ فَارْجِعُوْا وَيَسْتَأْذِنُ فَرِيْقٌ مِّنْهُمُ النَّبِيَّ يَقُوْلُوْنَ إِنَّ بُيُوْتَنَا عَوْرَةٌ وَمَا هِيَ بِعَوْرَةٍ إِنْ يُرِيْدُوْنَ إِلَّا فِرَارًا
And [remember] when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is disease said, “Allah and His Messenger did not promise us except delusion,” And when a faction of them said, “O people of Yathrib, there is no stability for you [here], so return [home].” And a party of them asked permission of the Prophet, saying, “Indeed, our houses are exposed [i.e., unprotected],” while they were not exposed. They did not intend except to flee.
Therefore, the difficulty on that day exposed their reality and revealed their hypocrisy.
In the Ghazwah of Tabuk, the munafiqun (hypocrites) stayed behind and said, “Do not go forth and fight in the heat,” whilst the Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum pushed on despite the scarcity of provisions and water, notwithstanding the severe drought and extreme heat on the day, having firm faith in Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala and giving credence to His promise.
Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala says regarding the munafiqun:
فَرِحَ الْمُخَلَّفُوْنَ بِمَقْعَدِهِمْ خِلَافَ رَسُوْلِ اللهِ وَكَرِهُوْا أَنْ يُجَاهِدُوْا بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنْفُسِهِمْ فِيْ سَبِيْلِ اللهِ وَقَالُوْا لَا تَنْفِرُوْا فِي الْحَرِّ قُلْ نَارُ جَهَنَّمَ أَشَدُّ حَرًّا لَّوْ كَانُوْا يَفْقَهُوْنَ فَلْيَضْحَكُوْا قَلِيْلًا وَلْيَبْكُوْا كَثِيْرًا جَزَاءً بِمَا كَانُوْا يَكْسِبُوْنَ
Those who remained behind rejoiced in their staying [at home] after [the departure of] the Messenger of Allah and disliked to strive with their wealth and their lives in the cause of Allah and said, “Do not go forth in the heat.” Say, “The fire of Hell is more intense in heat” – if they would but understand. So let them laugh a little and [then] weep much as recompense for what they used to earn.
Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala says regarding the believers:
لٰكِنِ الرَّسُوْلُ وَالَّذِيْنَ آمَنُوْا مَعَهُ جَاهَدُوْا بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنْفُسِهِمْ وَأُولٰئِكَ لَهُمُ الْخَيْرَاتُ وَأُولٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُوْنَ أَعَدَّ اللهُ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِيْنَ فِيْهَا ذٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيْمُ
But the Messenger and those who believed with him fought with their wealth and their lives. Those will have [all that is] good and it is those who are the successful. Allah has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide eternally. That is the great attainment.
These times of trials and tests were not few and far between. Instead, this occurred a few times every year, and the hypocrites were continuously being exposed and differentiated from the believers on every occasion.
أَوَلَا يَرَوْنَ أَنَّهُمْ يُفْتَنُوْنَ فِيْ كُلِّ عَامٍ مَّرَّةً أَوْ مَرَّتَيْنِ ثُمَّ لَا يَتُوْبُوْنَ وَلَا هُمْ يَذَّكَّرُوْنَ
Do they not see that they are tried every year once or twice but then they do not repent nor do they remember?
So where are those vanquished retreaters in relation to those who emigrated and fought with their wealth and lives in the path of Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala or those who gave shelter and aided and proved true to Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala and His Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam??
Where are these forsaken people during the major events of Islamic history? Most certainly, they disappeared like cowards to the women’s quarters and hid in in the rooms whilst the true companions of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam from the Muhajirin and Ansar penned the history of Islam with their blood. Among them were those who were chosen for martyrdom and among them were those for whom authority and leadership were predestined.
Just as going through trials had an effect in exposing the reality of the hypocrites, likewise the slip-ups of the tongue and the manner of speech also revealed their filth and laid bare the intentions in their hearts.
وَلَوْ نَشَاءُ لَأَرَيْنَاكَهُمْ فَلَعَرَفْتَهُمْ بِسِيْمَاهُمْ وَلَتَعْرِفَنَّهُمْ فِيْ لَحْنِ الْقَوْلِ وَاللهُ يَعْلَمُ أَعْمَالَكُمْ
And if We willed, We could show them to you, and you would know them by their mark; but you will surely know them by the tone of [their] speech. And Allah knows your deeds.
When some of the Muhajirin and Ansar jostled at the well of al Muraysi’, the hypocrite ‘Abdullah ibn Ubay could not hold back his ill will; instead, he blurted his words of disbelief, which is recorded in the verses of the Noble Qur’an.
يَقُوْلُوْنَ لَئِنْ رَّجَعْنَا إِلَى الْمَدِيْنَةِ لَيُخْرِجَنَّ الْأَعَزُّ مِنْهَا الْأَذَلَّ وَللهِ الْعِزَّةُ وَلِرَسُوْلِهِ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ وَلٰكِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِيْنَ لَا يَعْلَمُوْنَ
They say, “If we return to Madinah, the more honoured [for power] will surely expel therefrom the more humble.” And to Allah belongs [all] honour, and to His Messenger, and to the believers, but the hypocrites do not know.
On the flip side, look at the position of ‘Abdullah ibn Ubay’s son who was a believer. He stood at the entrance of Madinah with his sword to prevent his father from entering the city without the permission of Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and said to his father that today you will come to know who is disgraced and who is exalted!
One person said:
ما أرى قراءنا هؤلاء إلى أرغبنا بطونا وأكذبنا ألسنة وأجبننا عند اللقاء
I have never seen the like of these reciters of ours—they have the biggest appetite among us, the most dishonest tongues, and are the most cowardice in battle.
This statement was conveyed to Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and they came to him as he was setting out on his camel cow. The hypocrite then said, “We were only conversing and jesting.” Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala says:
وَلَئِنْ سَأَلْتَهُمْ لَيَقُوْلُنَّ إِنَّمَا كُنَّا نَخُوْضُ وَنَلْعَبُ قُلْ أَبِاللهِ وَآيَاتِهِ وَرَسُوْلِهِ كُنْتُمْ تَسْتَهْزِئُوْنَ لَا تَعْتَذِرُوْا قَدْ كَفَرْتُمْ بَعْدَ إِيْمَانِكُمْ إِن نَّعْفُ عَنْ طَائِفَةٍ مِّنكُمْ نُعَذِّبْ طَائِفَةً بِأَنَّهُمْ كَانُوْا مُجْرِمِيْنَ
And if you ask them, they will surely say, “We were only conversing and playing.” Say, “Is it Allah and His verses and His Messenger that you were mocking?” Make no excuse; you have disbelieved [i.e., rejected faith] after your belief. If We pardon one faction of you – We will punish another faction because they were criminals.
The hot ground burnt his feet and the Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam did not pay attention to him whilst he was tangled up by the long belt of the camel cow of the Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. In that way Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala disgraced him and the Noble Qur’an bears testimony against him, recited by the believers, forever preserved.
So, our point is that whatever ill a person conceals in his heart, Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala can always expose it via a person’s facial expressions or slips of the tongue. Those people who hid their hypocrisy, Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala exposed their malice and hypocrisy via their facial expressions or slips of their tongues, so their reality became known to everyone. How can we compare these hypocrites with those whom Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala has established the reality of their Iman and described them as truthful and guided, promised success and happiness, and gave glad tidings of His mercy and pleasure? Is it possible to mix up between those whom Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala bore witness of their disbelief and hypocrisy and those whom Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala has recognised the reality of their Iman? What is the answer, O people of intellect?
 Surah al Nisaʾ: 138.
 Surah al Nisaʾ: 145.
 Surah Al ‘Imran: 179.
 Surah Muhammad: 29-30.
 Refers to expeditions that Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam took part in.
 Surah al Ahzab: 22.
 Surah al Ahzab: 12-13.
 Surah al Tawbah: 81-82.
 Surah al Tawbah: 88-89.
 Surah al Tawbah: 126.
 Surah Muhammad: 30.
 Surah al Munafiqun: 8.
 Surah al Tawbah: 65-66.