Chapter 3: Section 1 – Theme Two

Chapter Three: Section One – Aspects relating to Fatimah and ‘Ali’s participation in ‘Umar’s wedding – Theme One
February 7, 2019
Chapter 3: Section 1 – Theme Three
February 7, 2019

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Theme Two

Thereafter, when the nikah ceremony was to be performed, Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam appointed Sayyidina ‘Umar ibn al Khattab radiya Llahu ‘anhum as one of the witnesses to the marriage. We quoted many quotations in the Siddiqi section to verify this point, some of which we will briefly quote here.

Akhtab Khawarizm in Manaqib Khawarizmi, ‘Ali ibn ‘Isa Arbili in Kashf al Ghummah, Mulla al Baqir Majlisi in Bihar al Anwar and Jala al ‘Uyun have reported this issue. All of these narrations are of the Shia quoting the statement of Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu. He declares:

When I headed for the Masjid from Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam home, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar welcomed me and escorted me to the Masjid. (The nikah ceremony took place in the Masjid. Abu Bakr and ‘Umar were in the masjid from beforehand.) The rest of the Muhajirin and Ansar were called. While Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was reciting the nikah khutbah, he said:

و أمرني أن أزوجه في الأرض و أشهدكم على ذلك

Allah instructed me to marry Fatimah to him on earth and make you all witnesses to it.[1]


Mulla Al Baqir Majlisi reports this incident in Jala al ‘Uyun in the chapter regarding Fatimah’s marriage to ‘Ali with extra details. He also mentioned the issue of Sayyidina Abu Bakr and Sayyidina ‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhuma being witnesses to the marriage.

The narration reads:

After Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam made the angels witness to this nikah, he addressed the participants of that gathering (among whom were Abu Bakr and ‘Umar), “My Lord commands me to marry Fatimah to ‘Ali on earth and make you witnesses to it.”[2]


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[1] Manaqib Khawarizmi, pg. 251 – 252, chapter on Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam marrying Fatimah off, Maktabah Haydariyyah print, Najaf Ashraf, Iraq; Kashf al Ghummah, vol. 1 pg. 483 – 484, chapter on giving the queen of the women in marriage, new print with Persian translation; Bihar al Anwar, vol. 1 pg. 38 – 39, same chapter.

[2] Jala’ al ‘Uyun, pg. 125, Tehran print.

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