Abu Rayyah Rejects the Ahadith Concerning the Virtues of Jumu`ah

Abu Rayyah Rejects the Hadith, “The Sun and Moon Will be Wrapped up on the Day of Qiyamah”
December 2, 2015
Abu Rayyah Rejects that the Fasting of Ramadan Along with Three Fasts of Each Month are Equivalent to Fasting Throughout the Year
December 2, 2015

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Abu Rayyah Rejects the Ahadith Concerning the Virtues of Jumu’ah

 

Abu Rayyah says (on page 93) under the title, “the manner in which Abu Hurairah would learn from Ka’b al Ahbar”:

 

روى ابو هريرة عن رسول الله “ان فى الجمعة لساعة لا يوافقها رجل مسلم يسئل الله خيرا الا اعطاه اياه و فى يوم الجمعة خلق ادم و فيه اهبط الى الارض الحديث- و روى مالك عن ابى سلمة ان ابا هريرة قال قدمت الطور فوافقت كعبا فحدثنى عن التوزاة و حدثته عن رسول الله حديث يوم الجمعة فقال كعب: فيه خلق ادم و فيه هبط الى الارض و بذلك يكون ابو هريرة قد حدث ببعض الحديث عن رسول الله ثم تلقى بعضه عن كعب و نسب الحديث كله الى النبى

Abu Hurairah reports from the Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam: “There is a moment on the day of Friday in which, if a Muslim asks Allah for any goodness, He will grant it to him. It was on the day of Friday that Adam was created. It was also on this day that he was sent to the earth.”

Malik reports from Abu Salamah that Abu Hurairah said: “I arrived at al Tur where I met Ka’b. He narrated to me from the Torah and I narrated to him the hadith of the Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam regarding the day of Friday. Ka’b replied, ‘It was on this day that Adam was created and it was also on this day that he descended to the earth.’”

Thus Abu Hurairah reports half the hadith from the Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and the remainder from Ka’b al Ahbar.

 

Our comment: Al Majlisi has a chapter, under the book of salah, which he titled, “chapter of the virtues of Jumu’ah, its night and its special moment.” He reports from the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam:

 

فعن النبى  : خير يوم طلعت عليه الشمس يوم الجمعة فيه خلق ادم  و فيه ادخل الجنة و فيه اخرج ولا تقوم الساعة الا فى يوم الجمعة

The best day upon which the sun had risen is the day of Friday. On this day Adam was created, entered into Jannat and removed from it. Qiyamah will not take place except on a Friday.[1]

 

He narrates:

 

فى الحديث ان رسول الله ذكر يوم الجمعة فقال: فيه ساعة لا يوافقها عبد مسلم سئل الله شيئا الا اعطاه اياه

It appears in a hadith that the Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam mentioned the day of Friday and then said, “There is a moment in it in which, if a Muslim asks Allah for anything, He will grant it to him.”[2]

 

He reports from Lubabah who narrates from the Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam:

 

خلق الله ادم فى يوم الجمعة

Allah created Adam on a Friday.[3]

 

This hadith is narrated by your Shia, “who do not accept any hadith unless it is authentically reported from the Ahlul Bayt”, who in turn narrate it from their grandfather. Al Kulayni reports from ‘Ammar, who asked Imam Jafar rahimahu Llah:

 

الساعة التى فى يوم الجمعة التى لا يدعو فيها مؤمن الا استجيب له

Which is the moment on Fridays in which the supplication of a believer is definitely accepted?[4]

 

Hazir reports from Zurarah who reports from Imam al Baqir:

 

وقت الجمعة ساعة تزول الشمس الى ان تمضى ساعة تحفظ عليها فان رسول الله  قال: لا تسئل الله عبد فيها خيرا الا اعطاه الله

The moment on Fridays is immediately after zenith. It is a moment that should not be missed as the Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Whatever goodness a slave asks of Allah in it, Allah will grant it to him.”[5]

 

Al Majlisi says:

 

بيان: يوم السبت ليس فى بعض النسخ وهو اظهر و على تقديره خلاف مشهور…او يكون بناء الحساب على التلفيق بان يكون ابتداء الخلق من ظهر يوم السبت و انتهاءه عند ظهر يوم الجمعة

Note: Saturday does not appear in some copies. However, it makes more sense, and based upon it, there is a famous difference of opinion. Otherwise, the calculation will be based upon combining (the narrations), i.e., the beginning of the creation will be at the time of Zuhr on Saturday and its completion will be at the time of Zuhr on Friday.[6]

 

Al Majlisi reports from ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu:

 

كنا مع رسول الله   اذ جاء رجل فقال: يا رسول الله بابى انت و امى اخبرنى عن يوم الاحد كيف سمى يوم الاحد؟ فقال: لانه احد يوم خلق الله الدنيا وهو اول يوم خلقه الله… فقال بابى انت و امى يا رسول الله اخبرنى عن يوم الجمعة فبكى رسول الله وقال سئلتنى عن يوم الجمعة فقال نعم فقال رسول الله  تسميه الملائكة فى السماء يوم المزيد يوم الجمعة يوم خلق الله فيه ادم عليه السلام يوم الجمعة يوم نفخ الله فيه ادم الروح يوم الجمعة اسكن الله فيه ادم الجنة يوم الجمعة اسجد الله ملائكته لادم يوم الجمعة يوم جمع الله فيه ادم و حواء… يوم الجمعة يوم غفر الله فيه ذنب ادم

We were with the Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam when a man came to him and asked, “O Messenger, may my parents be sacrificed for you, tell me about Sunday and why it was named Yawm al Ahad (in Arabic)?”

He replied, “This is because it was one of the days in which Allah created the world and it is the first day that was created by Allah…”

He then asked, “May my parents be sacrificed for you, O Messenger, tell me about Friday?”

The Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam began crying and asked, “Did you ask me about Friday?”

He replied, “Yes.”

The Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “The angels in the sky call it the day of excessiveness. Friday is the day in which Allah created Adam ‘alayh al Salam, Friday is the day in which Allah blew life into him, Friday is the day in which Allah placed him in Jannat, Friday is the day in which Allah made the angels prostrate to him, Friday is the day in which Allah united Adam and Hawwa… Friday is the day in which Allah forgave the sin of Adam.”[7]

 

The ‘Ilal of Muhammad ibn Ibrahim reports:

 

كان مكث ادم فى الجنة نصف ساعة ثم اهبط الى الارض من يوم الجمعة

Adam stayed in Jannat for half an hour, then he was placed on the earth on a Friday.

 

 

NEXT⇒ Abu Rayyah Rejects the Hadith, “The Sun and Moon Will be Wrapped up on the Day of Qiyamah”


[1] Bihar al Anwar, 89/274.

[2] Ibid., 89/276.

[3] Ibid., 11/109.

[4] Furu’ al Kafi, 3/416.

[5]Bihar al Anwar, 89/200, 217, 263, 279, 280.

[6]Bihar al Anwar, 57/71, 77, 88, 211, 214.

[7] Bihar al Anwar, 89/280-281.

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