The narrations of the Sahabah on the virtues of Sayyidah Fatimah al Zahra’

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The narrations of the Sahabah on the virtues of Sayyidah Fatimah al Zahra’

 

Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam love for her and his displeasure at that which hurts her

 

The narration of Aisha al Siddiqah bint al Siddiq:

 

عن عائشة ام المؤمنين رضي الله عنها أنها قالت ما رأيت أحدا كان أشبه كلاما و حديثا برسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم من فاطمة و كانت إذا دخلت عليه قام إليها فقبلها و رحب بها و أخذ بيدها فأجلسها في مجلسه و كانت هى إذا دخل عليها رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قامت إليه تستقبله و قبلت يده

Sayyidah Aisha Umm al Mu’minin radiya Llahu ‘anha relates, “I have not seen anyone who resembled Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam more in speech and dialogue than Fatimah. When she would visit Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, he would stand up, kiss her, welcome her, take her hand, and make her sit in his seat. And when Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam would visit her, she would stand up to welcome him and kiss his hand.”[1]

 

The narration of ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar:

 

عن سالم عن أبيه أنه كان يسمعه يحدث عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم حين أمر أسامة بن زيد فبلغه أن الناس عابوا أسامة و طعنوا في إمارته فقام رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم في الناس فقال كما حدثنى سالم ألاإنكم تعيبون أسامة و تطعنون في إمارته و قد فعلتم ذلك بأبيه من قبل و إن كان لخليقا للإمارة و إن كان لأحب الناس كلهم إلي و إن ابنه هذا من بعده لأحب الناس إلي فاستوصوا به خيرا فإنه من خياركم قال سالم ما سمعت عبد الله يحدث بهذا الحديث قط إلا قال ما حاشا فاطمة

Salim narrates that he would hear his father (‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar) relating that when Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam appointed Usamah ibn Zaid as leader and heard reports that people were reproving Usamah and criticising his leadership, he stood up among the people and said—as Salim has reported to me—“Harken! You are reproving Usamah and criticising his leadership and you have done the same to his father in the past whereas he is deserving of leadership. He was the most beloved of all people to me and this son of his is the most beloved to me after him. So mean well with him for indeed he is among the best of you.” Whenever I heard ‘Abdullah narrating this hadith, he would say, “Except Fatimah.”[2]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Miswar ibn Makhramah:

 

عن المسور بن مخرمة رضي الله عنه أنه سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم على المنبر و هو يقول إن بنى هشام بن المغيرة استأذنوني أن ينكحوا ابنتها على ابن أبي طالب فلا آذن لهم ثم لا آذن لهم ثم لا آذن لهم إلا أن يحب ابن أبي طالب أن يطلق ابنتي و ينكح ابنتهم فإنما ابنتي بضعة مني يريبني ما رابها و يؤذيني ما آذاها

Sayyidina Miswar ibn Makhramah radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports that he heard Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam declaring on the minbar, “Indeed, Banu Hashim ibn al Mughirah have sought my permission to marry their daughter to ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib, but I do not give them permission; and I do not give them permission, and I do not give them permission. Except if ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib desires to divorce my daughter and marry theirs. Certainly, my daughter is a part of me. What displeases her displeases me and what hurts her hurts me.”[3]

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Ali ibn Hussain:

 

عن الزهري أنه قال أخبرنى على بن حسين أن المسور بن مخرمة رضي الله عنه أخبره أن على بن أبى طالب خطب بنت أبي جهل و عنده فاطمة بنت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فلما سمعت بذلك فاطمة أتت النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فقالت له إن قومك يتحدثون أنك لا تغضب لبناتك و هذا علي ناكحا ابنة أبي جهل قال المسور فقام النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فسمعته حين تشهد ثم قال أما بعد فإنى أنكحت أبا العاص بن الربيع فحدثني فصدقني و أن فاطمة بنت محمد مضعة مني و إنما أكره أن يفتنوها و إنها و الله لا تجتمع بنت رسول الله و بنت عدو الله عند رجل واحد أبدا قال فترك علي الخطبة

Al Zuhri reports that ‘Ali ibn Hussain informed him that Sayyidina Miswar ibn Makhramah radiya Llahu ‘anhu informed him, “‘Ali ibn Abi Talib radiya Llahu ‘anhu proposed to the daughter of Abu Jahl while he was married to Fatimah bint Rasulillah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. When Fatimah heard of this, she came to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and complained, ‘Your people are saying that you do not get angry for your daughters and ‘Ali is getting married to the daughter of Abu Jahl.’” Miswar continues, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam stood up [to deliver an address] and I heard him affirming the oneness of Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala and then saying, ‘I married [my daughter] to Abu al ’As ibn Rabi’[4]. He gave me his word and was true to it. Certainly, Fatimah bint Muhammad is a part of me and I fear that she might be cast into trial. By Allah, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah and the daughter of the enemy of Allah can never be in the nikah of one man.’ ‘Ali thus desisted from the proposal.[5]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Hassan al Muthanna:

 

و عن حسن بن حسن أنه بعث إلى المسور يخطب بنتا له قال له توافينى في العتمة فلقيه فحمد الله المسور فقال ما من سبب و لا نسب و لا صهر أحب إلى من نسبكم و صهركم و لكن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قال فاطمة شجنة منى يبسطنى ما بسطها و يقبضنى ما قبضها و أنه تنقطع يوم القيامة الأنساب و الأسباب إلا نسبى و سببى و تحتك ابنتها و لو زوجتك قبضها ذلك فذهب عاذرا له

Hassan ibn Hassan relates that he sent a proposal to Miswar for his daughter. Miswar told him to meet him that night. When he met him, Miswar praised Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala and then said, “There is no relationship, connection or in-laws more beloved to me than yours. However, Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam has stated, ‘Fatimah is part of me. What pleases her pleases me and what displeases her displeases me. All relationships and connections will be severed on the Day of Qiyamah except mines.’ You are married to her daughter[6]. If I marry [my daughter] to you, it will displease her.” He then left and excused himself.[7]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Miswar ibn Makhramah:

 

عن المسور بن مخرمة قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم إنما فاطمة بضعة منى يؤذينى ما آذاها

Miswar ibn Makhramah radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam stated, “Undoubtedly, Fatimah is part of me. What hurts her hurts me.”[8]

 

عن المسور بن مخرمة أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قال فاطمة بضعة منى فمن أغضبها أغضبني

Miswar ibn Makhramah radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam stated, “Fatimah is part of me. Whoever angers her angers me.”[9]

 

Sayyidah Fatimah is among the Queens of the Women of the Universe and the Queen of the Women of Jannat

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Hurairah:

 

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال أبطأ رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم عنا يوما صدر النهار فلما كان العشى قال له قائلنا يا رسول الله قد شق علينا لم نرك اليوم قال إن ملكا من السماء لم يكن رآنى فاستأذن الله في زيارتي فأخبرني أو بشرني أن فاطمة ابنتي سيدة نساء أمتي و أن حسنا و حسينا سيدا شباب أهل الجنة

Sayyidina Abu Hurairah radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports, “One day Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam kept us waiting at daybreak. When evening came, one of us asked him, ‘O Rasulullah! We were worried as we did not see you today.’ Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam explained, ‘Certainly, an angel from the sky had not seen me so he sought permission from Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala to see me. He informed me or gave me glad tidings that Fatimah, my daughter, is the queen of the women of my ummah and that Hassan and Hussain are the leaders of the youth of Jannat.’”[10]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Anas ibn Malik:

 

عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه و آله سلم قال حسبك من نساء العالمين مريم بنت عمران و خديجة بنت خويلد و فاطمة بنت محمد و آسية امرأة فرعون

Sayyidina Anas ibn Malik radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam stated, “Sufficient for you of the women of the universe are Maryam bint ‘Imran, Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, Fatimah bint Muhammad, and Asiyah the wife of Firoun.”[11]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Hudhaifah ibn al Yaman:

 

عن حذيفة رضي الله عنه قال سألتنى أمي متى عهدك تعني بالنبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فقلت ما لي به عهد منذ كذا و كذا فنالت مني فقلت لها دعيني آتي النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فأصلي معه المغرب و أسأله أن يستغفر لي و لك فأتيت النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فصليت معه المغرب فصلى حتى صلى العشاء ثم انفتل فتبعته فسمع صوتي فقال من هذا حذيفة قلت نعم قال ما حاجتك غفر الله لك و لأمك ثم قال إن هذا ملك لم ينزل الأرض قط قبل هذه الليلة استأذن ربه أن يسلم علي و يبشرني بأن فاطمة سيدة نساء أهل الجنة و أن الحسن و الحسين سيدا شباب أهل الجنة

Sayyidina Hudhaifah ibn al Yaman radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports, “My mother asked me, ‘When did you last meet?’ i.e. with Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. I replied, ‘I have not met him from such and such a time.’ Upon this, she scolded me so I told her, ‘Leave me. I will go to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, perform Maghrib with him and ask him to seek forgiveness for me and you.’ I thus came to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and performed Maghrib with him. He continued observing salah until he performed ‘Isha’. He then left and I followed him. He heard my voice and asked, ‘Who is it? Hudhaifah?’ I replied in the positive. The Rasul salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘What is your need? May Allah forgive you and your mother.’ The Rasul salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam then said, ‘Indeed this is an angel who has not descended to the world prior to this night. He sought permission from his Rabb to greet me and give me glad tidings that Fatimah will be the queen of the women of Jannat and that Hassan and Hussain will be the leaders of the youth of Jannat.’”[12]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Sa’id al Khudri:

 

عن أبى سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم الحسن و الحسين سيدا شباب أهل الجنة و فاطمة سيدة نسائهم إلا ما كان لمريم بنت عمران

Sayyidina Abu Sa’id al Khudri radiya Llahu ‘anhu relates that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam stated, “Hassan and Hussain are the leaders of the youth of Jannat and Fatimah is the queen of their women except for the status Maryam bint ‘Imran enjoys.”[13]

 

The narration of Sayyidah Umm Salamah:

 

عن أم سلمة أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم دعا فاطمة يوم الفتح فناجاها فبكت ثم حدثها فضحكت قالت فلما توفى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم سألتها عن بكائها و ضحكها قالت أخبرنى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم أنه يموت فبكيت ثم أخبرنى أنى سيدة نساء أهل الجنة إلا مريم ابنة عمران فضحكت

Sayyidah Umm Salamah radiya Llahu ‘anha narrates, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam called Fatimah on the day of the Conquest [of Makkah] and whispered to her something due to which she cried. He then apprised her of something and she smiled. When Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam passed away, I asked her about her crying and smiling. She replied, ‘Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam informed me that he was going to pass away so I wept. He then informed me that I am the queen of the women of Jannat except Maryam bint ‘Imran so I smiled.”[14]

 

The narration of Sayyidah Aisha:

 

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها أن النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قال لفاطمة أما ترضين أن تكونى سيدة نساء أهل الجنة أو نساء المؤمنين

Sayyidah Aisha radiya Llahu ‘anha narrates that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam told Sayyidah Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha, “Are you not pleased that you will be the queen of the women of Jannat or the women of the Mu’minin?”[15]

 

عن عروة قال قالت عائشة لفاطمة رضي الله عنها بنت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم ألا أبشرك إنى سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يقول سيدات نساء أهل الجنة أربع مريم بنت عمران و فاطمة بنت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و خديجة بنت خويلد و آسية

‘Urwah reports that Sayyidah Aisha radiya Llahu ‘anha said to Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha the daughter of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, “Should I not give you glad tidings? Indeed I heard Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam declaring, ‘The queens of the women of Jannat are four: Maryam bint ‘Imran, Fatimah bint Rasulillah, Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, and Asiyah.”[16]

 

Her removal of harm from Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:

 

عن عمرو بن ميمون عن عبد الله رضي الله عنه قال بينا النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم ساجد و حوله ناس من قريش جاء عقبة بن أبى معيط بسلا جزور فقذفه على ظهر النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فلم يرفع رأسه فجاءت فاطمة رضي الله عنها فأخذته من ظهره و دعت على من صنع فقال النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم اللهم عليك الملأ من قريش أبا جهل بن هشام و عتبة بن ربيعة و شيبة بن ربيعة و أمية بن خلف أو أبى بن خلف شعبة الشاك فرأيتهم قتلوا يوم بدر فألقوا في بئر غير أمية بن خلف أو أبى تقطعت أوصاله فلم يلق في البئر

‘Amr ibn Maymun reports from Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud radiya Llahu ‘anhu, “As Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was prostrating, and around him were some men of Quraysh, ‘Uqbah ibn Abi Mu’it came with the entrails[17] of a camel and threw it on the back of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam could not lift his head [due to the weight]. Fatimah arrived and pulled it off his back and cursed the one who did it. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam then cursed, ‘O Allah! Deal with the leaders of Quraysh viz. Abu Jahl ibn Hisham, ‘Utbah ibn Rabi’ah, Shaybah ibn Rabi’ah, Umayyah ibn Khalaf—or Ubay ibn Khalaf—(Shu’bah is the one in doubt).’ I saw them all killed in the Battle of Badr. They were thrown into a [deserted] well besides Umayyah ibn Khalaf—or Ubay—whose limbs were torn apart so he was not thrown therein.”[18]

 

Her renunciation of the world

 

The narration of Sayyidina Thowban:

 

عن ثوبان رضي الله عنه قال دخل رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم على فاطمة رضي الله تعالى عنها و أنا معه و قد أخذت من عنقها سلسلة من ذهب فقالت هذه أهداها إلي أبو الحسن فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يا فاطمة أيسرك أن يقول الناس فاطمة بنت محمد و في يدك سلسلة من نار ثم خرج و لم يقعد فعمدت فاطمة إلى السلسلة فاشترت غلاما فأعتقته فبلغ ذلك النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فقال الحمد لله الذي نجى فاطمة من النار

Sayyidina Thowban radiya Llahu ‘anhu recalls, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam entered the house of Fatimah and I was present. She held a gold chain around her neck and commented, ‘Abu al Hassan gifted this to me.’ Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam told her lovingly, ‘O Fatimah! Does it please you that people say, Fatimah the daughter of Muhammad whereas you have a chain of fire in your hand?’ Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam did not sit and left. Sayyidah Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha took the chain, bought a slave in lieu of it and set the slave free. The news of this reached Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam who exclaimed, ‘All praise belongs to Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala who has saved Fatimah from Hell.’”[19]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Hurairah:

 

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال أتت فاطمة رضي الله عنها رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم تسأله خادما فقال لها الذي جئت تطلبين أحب أليك أم خير منه قال فحسبت أنها سألت عليا قال قولي اللهم رب السماوات و رب العرش و العظيم ربنا و رب كل شيء منزل التوراة و الإنجيل و القرآن فالق الحب و النوى أعوذ بك من شر كل شيء أنت آخذ بناصيته أنت الأول فليس قبلك شيء و أنت الآخر فليس بعدك شيء و أنت الظاهر فليس فوقك شيء و أنت الباطن فليس دونك شيء اقض عنا الدين و أغننا من الفقر

Sayyidina Abu Hurairah radiya Llahu ‘anhu narrates, “Fatimah came to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam to ask him for a servant. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam asked her, ‘Do you desire what you came to ask for more or something better than it?” The narrator says, “I think she asked ‘Ali.” The Rasul salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam then advised, “Recite:

اللهم رب السماوات و رب العرش و العظيم ربنا و رب كل شيء منزل التوراة و الإنجيل و القرآن فالق الحب و النوى أعوذ بك من شر كل شيء أنت آخذ بناصيته أنت الأول فليس قبلك شيء و أنت الآخر فليس بعدك شيء و أنت الظاهر فليس فوقك شيء و أنت الباطن فليس دونك شيء اقض عنا الدين و أغننا من الفقر

O Allah the Sustainer of the heavens and the Sustainer of the Grand Thrown, our Sustainer and the Sustainer of everything; the One who revealed the Torah, Injil and the Qur’an; the One who splits the seed and the pit! I seek Your protection from the evil of everything which You have control of. You are the First, there is nothing before You; You are the Last, there is nothing after You; You are Apparent, there is nothing above you; You are the Hidden, there is nothing hidden from You. Fulfil our debt on our behalf and grant us independence from poverty.”[20]

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Ali:

 

عن عبد الرحمن بن أبى ليلى حدثنا على أن فاطمة رضي الله عنها شكت ما تلقى من أثر الرحى فأتى النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم سبي فانطلقت فلم تجده فوجدت عائشة فأخبرتها فلما جاء النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم أخبرته عائشة بمجيء فاطمة فجاء النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم إلينا و قد أخذنا مضاجعنا فذهبت لأقوم فقال على مكانكما فقعد بيننا حتى وجدت برد قدميه على صدري و قال ألا أعلمكما خيرا مما سألتماني إذا أخذتما مضاجعكما تكبران أربعا و ثلاثين و تسبحان ثلاثا و ثلاثين و تحمدان ثلاثا و ثلاثين فهو خير لكما من خادم

‘Abdur Rahman ibn Abi Layla reports that Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu narrated to them, “Fatimah complained of the marks of the grind mill she was sustaining. Some prisoners came to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam so Fatimah went [to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam to request for a slave] but did not find him. She found Aisha so she informed her. When Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam came, Aisha informed him of Fatimah’s coming. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam came to us—and we had already gone to bed—I wanted to stand up but he said, ‘Remain at your places.’ He sat between us until I could feel the coolness of his feet on my chest and inquired, ‘Should I not teach you something better than what you asked me for? When you go to bed, recite Allah Akbar 34 times, Subhan Allah 33 times, and Alhamd Lillah 33 times. This is better for you than a servant.’”[21]

 

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam informing Fatimah of his imminent demise and that she will be the first of his family to join him

 

The narration of Sayyidah Aisha:

 

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت كن أزواج النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم عنده و لم يغادر منهن واحدة فأقبلت فاطمة تمشى ما تخطئ مشيتها من مشية رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم شيئا فلما رآها رحب بها فقال مرحبا بابنتي ثم أجلسها عن يمينه أو عن شماله ثم سارها فبكت بكاء شديدا فلما رأى جزعها سارها الثانية فضحكت فقلت لها خصك رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم من بين نسائه بالسرار ثم أنت تبكين فلما قام رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم سألتها ما قال لك رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قالت ما كنت أفشى على رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم سره قالت فلما توفي رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قلت عزمت عليك بما لي عليك من الحق لما حدثتني ما قال لك رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فقالت أما الآن فنعم أما حين سارني في المرة الأولى فأخبرني أن جبريل كان يعارضه القرآن في كل سنة مرة أو مرتين و أنه عارضه الآن مرتين و أني لا أرى الأجل إلا قد اقترب فاتقي الله و اصبري فإنه نعم السلف أنا لك قالت فبكيت بكائي الذي رأيت فلما رأى جزعي سارني الثانية فقال يا فاطمة أما ترضين أن تكوني سيدة نساء المؤمنين أو سيدة نساء هذه الأمة قالت فضحكت ضحكي الذي رأيت

Sayyidah Aisha radiya Llahu ‘anha narrates, “The wives of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam were with him [during his final illness]; none of them departed. Fatimah approached; her gait precisely matched the gait of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. When he saw her, he welcomed her saying, ‘Welcome to my daughter.’ He seated her on his right—or left. He then whispered to her something and she began to sob profusely. When he saw her restlessness, he whispered to her a second time and she laughed. I told her, ‘Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam has favoured you with a secret over his wives, and you cried.’ When Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam stood up, I asked her, ‘What did Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam tell you?’ She replied, ‘It is not becoming of me to disclose Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam secret.’ After Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam passed away, I said [to her], ‘I have taken a determination upon you of the right that I have over you that you will inform me of what Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam told you.’ She said, ‘Now I will inform you. When Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam whispered to me the first time, he informed me that Jibril would recite the Qur’an to him once—or twice—every year and he recited it to him this year twice. He commented, ‘I divined from this my imminent demise. So fear Allah and bear patiently, for I am the best forerunner for you.’ Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha continued, ‘I then sobbed as you witnessed. When he saw my restlessness, he whispered to me a second time and said, ‘O Fatimah! Are you not pleased to be the queen of the Muslim women—or the queen of the women of this ummah?’ I then laughed as you saw.’”[22]

 

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت دعا النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فاطمة ابنته في شكواه الذي قبض فيه فسارها بشيء فبكت ثم دعاها فسارها فضحكت قالت فسألتها عن ذلك فقالت سارني النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فأخبرني أنه يقبض في وجعه الذي توفي فيه فبكيت ثم سارني فأخبرني أني أول أهل بيته أتبعه فضحكت

Sayyidah Aisha radiya Llahu ‘anha reports, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam called his daughter Fatimah in his fatal illness. He whispered to her something due to which she began to sob. He then called her and whispered to her after which she laughed. I asked her about this and she said, ‘Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam whispered to me informing me that he will pass away in his fatal illness so I cried. He then whispered to me informing that I will be the first of his family members to follow him, so I laughed.’”[23]

 

عن عائشة أم المؤمنين رضي الله عنها قالت ما رأيت أحدا أشبه سمتا و دلا و هديا برسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم في قيامها و قعودها من فاطمة بنت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قالت و كانت أذا دخلت على النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قام إليها فقبلها و أجلسها في مجلسه و كان النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم إذا دخل عليها قامت من مجلسها فقبلته و أجلسته في مجلسها فلما مرض النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم دخلت فاطمة فأكبت عليه فقبلته ثم رفعت رأسها فبكت ثم أكبت عليه ثم رفعت رأسها فضحكت فقلت إن كنت لأظن أن هذه من أعقل نسائنا فإذا هى من النساء فلما توفي رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قلت لها أرأيت حين أكببت على رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فرفعت رأسك فبكيت ثم أكببت عليه فرفعت رأسك فضحكت ما حملك على ذلك قالت إنى أذا لبذرة أخبرني أنه ميت من وجعه هذا فبكيت ثم أخبرني أني أسرع أهله لحوقا به فذلك حين ضحكت

Umm al Mu’minin Sayyidah Aisha radiya Llahu ‘anha relates, “I have not seen anyone who resembled Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam more in his ways, mannerisms and etiquettes—the way he stood and sat—than Fatimah the daughter of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.” She continues, “When she would visit Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, he would stand up, kiss her, and seat her in his seat. And when Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam would visit her, she would stand up from her seat, kiss him and seat him in her seat. When Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam fell ill, Fatimah entered, lowered herself towards him, and kissed him. She then lifted her head and cried. Thereafter, she lowered herself towards him, lifted her head and began to laugh. I said, ‘I used to think that she is the most intelligent of our women. But at the end of the day, she is a woman.’ When Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam passed away, I asked her, ‘Remember when you lowered yourself towards Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, then raised your head and cried. Thereafter, you lowered yourself towards him, lifted your head and laughed; why did you do this?’ She replied, ‘I was young then. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam informed me that he would pass away in that illness of his so I cried. He then informed me that I will be the first of his family members to join him, so I laughed.[24]

 

Purification and removal of impurity from Sayyidah Fatimah:

 

The narration of Sayyidah Aisha:

 

عن صفية بنت شيبة قالت قالت عائشة خرج النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم غداة و عليه مرط مرحل[25] من شعر اسود فجاء الحسن بن على فادخله ثم جاء الحسين فدخل معه ثم جاءت فاطمة فادخلها ثم جاء على فادخله ثم قال إِنَّمَا یُرِيْدُ اللهُ لِیُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَ یُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيْرًا

Safiyyah bint Shaybah relates that Aisha radiya Llahu ‘anha said, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam left in the morning wearing a cloak with pictures of camel saddlebags made from black (camel’s) hair. Hassan ibn ‘Ali came and Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam wrapped him under it, followed by Hussain who entered with him. Then Fatimah came and he took her under it, then ‘Ali came and he also took him under it. He thereafter recited:

إِنَّمَا یُرِيْدُ اللهُ لِیُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَ یُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيْرًا

Allah intends only to remove from you the impurity [of sin], O people of the [Prophet’s] household, and to purify you with [extensive] purification.[26][27]

 

She was one of the most truthful people in speech

 

The narration of Sayyidah Aisha:

 

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها أنها كانت إذا ذكرت فاطمة بنت النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قالت ما رأيت أحدا كان أصدق لهجة منها إلا أن يكون الذي ولدها

When Sayyidah Aisha radiya Llahu ‘anha would speak about Sayyidah Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha the daughter of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, she would say, “I have not seen anyone more truthful in speech than her except her father.”[28]

 

 NEXT⇒ The narrations of the Sahabah on the virtues of the grandsons, Hassan and Hussain


[1] Al Bayhaqi narrated it in al Kubra, Kitab al Nikah, bab ma ja’a fi qublat al rajul waladah hadith no. 13356, these words appear in al Kubra; al Nasa’i in al Kubra, Kitab ‘Ishrat al Nisa’, bab qublat dhi mahram, hadith no. 9236; al Tirmidhi in al manaqib hadith no. 3872 and remarked, “This hadith is Hassan and gharib from this sanad.” Al Albani declared it sahih. Al Bukhari narrated it in al Adab al Mufrad and al Albani declared it sahih in Sahih Al Adab al Mufrad hadith no. 971; al Hakim narrated it in al Mustadrak, Kitab Ma’rifat al Sahabah, bab dhikr manaqib Fatimah bint Rasulillah vol. 3 pg. 167, 174 hadith no. 4732, 4753 and commented, “The hadith is sahih according to the standards of Sheikhayn but they have not narrated it; Ibn Hibban, Kitab Ikhbarih salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ‘an Manaqib al Sahabah, dhikr ikhbar al Mustafa Fatimah annaha awwal lahiq bih min ahlih ba’d wafatih hadith no. 6953 – al Arna’ut declared it sahih.

[2] Ahmed narrates it in al Musnad hadith no. 5848, Shu’ayb al Arna’ut remarked, “Its isnad is sahih according to the standards of Sheikhayn.”

[3] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab al Nikah, bab Dhabb al Rajul ‘ala Ibnatihi fi al Ghairah wa l-Insaf hadith no. 5230; Sahih Muslim, Kitab Fada’il al Sahabah, bab min fada’il Fatimah hadith no. 2449. The words of this hadith quoted appear in Sahih Muslim.

[4] Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam had married his daughter Zainab to him. She is his eldest daughter. This marriage was contracted in Makkah. He dealt kindly and lovingly with her. The Quraysh wanted him to divorce her but he refused. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam appreciated this act of his. He was imprisoned at Badr and taken to Madinah. Sayyidah Zainab radiya Llahu ‘anha ransomed him with her necklace which she inherited from her mother Sayyidah Khadijah radiya Llahu ‘anha. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam returned the necklace to her and freed her husband.

[5] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab Fada’il al Sahabah, bab dhikr Ashar al Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam hadith no. 3729; Sahih Muslim, Kitab Fada’il al Sahabah, bab fada’il Fatimah bint al Nabi hadith no. 2449. The words of the hadith quoted appear in Sahih Muslim.

[6] He refers to the wife of Hassan ibn Hassan ibn ‘Ali, Fatimah bint Hussain ibn ‘Ali (Jamharat al Ansab al Arab of Ibn Hazm pg. 41.

[7] Al Musnad of Imam Ahmed hadith no. 18950 – al Arna’ut comments, “The hadith is sahih except his statement, “All relationships and connections will be severed on the Day of Qiyamah except mines.” which is Hassan due to its shawahid; Fada’il al Sahabah of Imam Ahmed hadith no. 1333. Muhaqqiq Wasi Allah al ’Abbas has declared it sahih. Al Hakim has narrated it in al Mustadrak, hadith no. 4747. He and al Dhahabi have declared it sahih. Al Tabarani narrates it in al Kabir vol. 20 pg. 25, 30; al Haythami mentions it in Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 203 and states, “Al Tabarani narrates it. Among the narrators is Umm Bakr bint al Miswar. No one has criticised her nor declared her reliable. The rest of the narrators have been declared reliable.”

[8] Sahih Muslim, Kitab Fada’il al Sahabah, bab min fada’il Fatimah bint al Nabi hadith no. 2449, the words of the hadith quoted appear in Sahih Muslim; Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab al Nikah, bab Dhabb al Rajul ‘an Ibnatihi hadith no. 5230.

[9] Sahih al Bukhari, Fada’il al Sahabah, bab manaqib Fatimah hadith no. 3767, 3714; Sahih Muslim, Fada’il al Sahabah hadith no. 2449 with an addition.

[10] Al Nasa’i has narrated it in al Khasa’is hadith no. 130; and in al Kubra vol. 5 pg. 146 hadith no. 8515; al Bukhari narrated in in al Tarikh al Kabir vol. 1 pg. 232; al Tabarani in al Kabir vol. 22 pg. 403 hadith no. 1006. Sheikh al Albani states in al Sahihah vol. 2 pg. 430, “This is a Hassan isnad. All his narrators are reliable except al Dhuhali.” Al Hafiz states in al Taqrib, “Accepted.” See shawahid of the hadith in Silsilat al Ahadith al Sahihah hadith no. 796.

[11] Ahmed narrates it in his Musnad hadith 12414 – al Arna’ut has declared it sahih; and in al Fada’il hadith no. 1332; al Tirmidhi, Kitab al Manaqib, bab Fadl Khadijah radiya Llahu ‘anha hadith no. 3878, al Albani has declared it sahih; al Hakim narrates it, Kitab Ma’rifat al Sahabah, bab dhikr manaqib Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha hadith no. 4746 and commented, “Sahih according to the conditions of Sheikhayn who have not narrated it with these words. Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam statement, ‘Sufficient for you of the women of the universe’ equates the women of the world.” Al Dhahabi says, “According to the conditions of al Bukhari and Muslim.”

[12] Al Tirmidhi, Kitab al Manaqib, bab manaqib al Hassan wa al Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhuma hadith no. 3781, al Albani declared it sahih; Musnad of Imam Ahmed hadith no. 23377, al Arna’ut declared it sahih.

[13] Musnad of Imam Ahmed hadith no. 11636, Shu’ayb al Arna’ut says, “It is sahih li ghayrihi (due to other factors).” Al Fada’il hadith no. 1331, 1360; al Nasa’i in al Khasa’is hadith no. 129; Abu Ya’la in his Musnad vol. 2 pg. 395 hadith no. 1169; al Hakim in al Mustadrak vol. 3 pg. 168 hadith no. 4733, al Dhahabi declared it sahih and supported him; al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 201 and remarked, “Al Tirmidhi has quoted it without mention of Fatimah and Maryam. Ahmed and Abu Ya’la have quoted it and their narrators and the narrators of al Sahih.”

[14] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab al Manaqib, bab ‘alamat al nubuwwah fi al Islam hadith no. 3624, the words of the narration quoted appear in Sahih al Bukhari; Sahih Muslim, Kitab Fada’il al Sahabah, bab min fada’il Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha hadith no. 2450. It is a lengthy hadith.

[15] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab al Manaqib, bab ‘alamat al nubuwwah fi al Islam hadith no. 3624, the words of the narration quoted appear in Sahih al Bukhari; Sahih Muslim, Kitab Fada’il al Sahabah, bab min fada’il Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha hadith no. 2450. It is a lengthy hadith.

[16] Al Hakim narrates it in al Mustadrak, Kitab Ma’rifat al Sahabah, bab Khadijah bint Khuwaylid hadith no. 4853 with the via al Qutay’i. It appears therein, from Salih—from Ibn Shihab—from ‘Urwah, and this isnad is sahih and muttasil (unbroken). Al Dhahabi says, “According to the standards of al Bukhari and Muslim.” More than one have declared it sahih. Imam Ahmed has narrated it in al Fada’il with an isnad which has a link missing hadith no. 1576, 1336 as its Muhaqqiq Wasi Allah ‘Abbas has stated. Al Suyuti has mentioned the hadith in Musnad Fatimah al Zahra’ wa ma warada fi Fadliha hadith no. 143 pg. 151; al Albani has declared it sahih in Sahih al Jami’ hadith no. 5991.

[17] Al Nawawi says, “Sila is the sack in which the foetus is in the womb of a camel cow and all animals. It is called the placenta in humans.” (Sharh al Nawawi vol. 3 pg. 1418)

[18] Sahih al Bukhari, Fada’il al Sahabah, bab ma laqiya al Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam wa ashabuhu min al mushrikin bi Makkah hadith no. 3854. The words of the narration quoted appear in Sahih al Bukhari; Sahih Muslim, Kitab al Jihad wa al Siyar, bab ma laqiya al Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam min adha al mushrikin wa al munafiqin hadith no. 1794.

[19] Al Nasa’i narrates it in al Sunan al Sughra vol. 8 pg. 158, al Albani declared it sahih in al Kubra hadith no. 9440; Imam Ahmed in al Musnad hadith no. 22451; al Tabarani in al Kabir hadith no. 1448; al Hakim in al Mustadrak vol. 3 pg. 165 hadith no. 4725, al Dhahabi has declared it sahih and corroborated him. The words of the hadith are quoted by al Hakim.

[20] Al Hakim narrated it in al Mustadrak, Kitab Ma’rifat al Sahabah, dhikr manaqib Fatimah bint Rasulillah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam hadith no. 4741, the words of the narration quoted appear in al Mustadrak. He comments, “A sahih hadith according to the conditions of Sheikhayn but they have not narrated it.” Al Dhahabi supports him; al Tirmidhi, Kitab al Da’wat hadith no. 3481, al Albani declared it sahih.

[21] Sahih al Bukhari, Fada’il al Sahabah, bab manaqib ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib hadith no. 3705, the words of the this narration are quoted by him; Sahih Muslim, Kitab al dhikr wa al Du’a’, bab al tasbih awwal al nahar wa ‘inda al nawm hadith no. 2727.

[22] Sahih al Bukhari; Kitab al Maghazi, bab marad al Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam wa wafatihi hadith no. 4433; Kitab al Isti’dhan, bab man naja bayn yaday al nas wa man lam yukhbir bisirr sahibihi faidha mata akhbara bihi hadith no. 6285; Sahih Muslim, Kitab Fada’il al Sahabah, bab min fada’il Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha hadith no. 2450, the words of the narration are quoted by him.

[23] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab Fada’il al Sahabah, bab manaqib qarabat al Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam hadith no. 3715, 3716; Kitab al Manaqib, bab ‘alamat al nubuwwah hadith no. 3624; Sahih Muslim, Fada’il al Sahabah hadith no. 97; 2450.

[24] Al Tirmidhi narrated it in al Manaqib, bab ma ja’a fi fadl Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha hadith no. 3872 and remarked, “This hadith is Hassan and gharib.” Al Albani declared it sahih in Sahih al Tirmidhi and Sahih al Adab al Mufrad of al Bukhari; al Hakim has narrated it in al Mustadrak, Kitab al Adab vol. 4 pg. 303 hadith no. 7715 and commented, “The hadith is sahih according to the conditions of Sheikhayn but they have not narrated it; al Dhahabi states, “According to the conditions of al Bukhari and Muslim; al Nasa’i narrated it in Khasa’is Amir al Muminin Ali ibn Abi Talib hadith no. 128; the original story appears in Sahih al Bukhari and Sahih Muslim as mentioned before.

[25] Murahhal: A garment embroided with pictures of saddlebags. If it is Murajjam then it has been embroided with pictures of pots.

[26] Surah al Ahzab: 33

[27] Sahih Muslim, Fada’il al Sahabah, bab fada’il Ahl Bayt al Nabi hadith no. 2424.

[28] Al Hakim has reported it in al Mustadrak, Kitab Ma’rifat al Sahabah, bab dhikr manaqib Fatimah vol. 3 pg. 175 hadith no. 4756. The words are his and he comments, “Sahih on the conditions of Muslim and they have not narrated it.” Al Dhahabi supports him; Abu Ya’la reports it via ‘Amr ibn Dinar from Aisha hadith no. 4700 with similar wording; al Tabarani in al Awsat vol. 3 pg. 138 hadith no. 2721; al Haythami in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 201 and commented, “Al Tabarani has narrated it in al Awsat and Abu Ya’la except that she says, ‘I have not seen anyone more truthful than Fatimah.’ Their narrators are the narrators of al Sahih.”