The narrations of the Sahabah on the virtues of the grandsons, Hassan and Hussain

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The narrations of the Sahabah on the virtues of the grandsons, Hassan and Hussain

 

Hassan ibn ‘Ali is the most beloved of the inhabitants of the Earth to the inhabitants of the Heavens

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al ’As:

 

عن رجاء بن ربيعة قال كنت جالسا بالمدينة في مسجد الرسول صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم في حلقة فيها أبو سعيد و عبد الله بن عمرو فمر الحسن بن علي فسلم فرد عليه القوم و سكت عبد الله بن عمرو ثم اتبعه فقال و عليك السلام و رحمة الله ثم قال هذا أحب أهل الأرض إلى أهل السماء و الله ما كلمته منذ ليالي صفين فقال أبو سعيد ألا تنطلق إليه فتعتذر إليه قال نعم قال فقام فدخل أبو سعيد فاستأذن فأذن له ثم استأذن لعبد الله بن عمرو فدخل فقال أبو سعيد لعبد الله بن عمرو حدثنا بالذى حدثتنا به حين مر الحسن فقال نعم أنا أحدثكم إنه أحب أهل الأرض إلى أهل السماء قال فقال له الحسن إذ علمت أني أحب أهل الأرض إلى أهل السماء فلم قاتلتنا أو كثرت يوم صفين قال أما إني و الله ما كثرت سوادا و لا ضربت معهم بسيف و لكني حضرت مع أبي أو كلمة نحوها قال أما علمت أنه لا طاعة لمخلوق في معصية الله قال بلى و لكني كنت أسرد الصوم على عهد رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فشكاني أبي إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فقال يا رسول الله إن عبد الله بن عمرو يصوم النهار و يقوم الليل قال صم و أفطر و صل و نم فإني أنا أصلي و أنام و أصوم و أفطر قال لي يا عبد الله أطع أباك فخرج يوم صفين و خرجت معه

Raja’ ibn Rabi’ah reports, “I was sitting in Madinah, in the masjid of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam in a gathering in which Abu Sa’id and ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr radiya Llahu ‘anhuma were present. Hassan ibn ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhuma passed by and made salam. The group responded to him but ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al ’As radiya Llahu ‘anhu remained silent. He followed him and said, ‘Upon you is peace and Allah’s mercy.’ He then said, ‘This is the most beloved of the inhabitants of the earth to the inhabitants of the heavens. By Allah, I have not spoken to him since the nights of Siffin.’ Abu Sa’id suggested, ‘Why do you not go to him and apologise?’ He replied, ‘Yes.’ Abu Sa’id got up and entered. He sought permission and was granted the same. He then sought permission for ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr who entered. Abu Sa’id then addressed ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr, ‘Narrate to us what you narrated when Hassan passed by.’ ‘Abdullah said, ‘Yes, I will narrate to you. Indeed, he is the most beloved of the inhabitants of the earth to the inhabitants of the heavens.’ Hassan then asked him, ‘When you knew that I am the most beloved of the inhabitants of the earth to the inhabitants of the heavens, then why did you fight us or increase numbers [for our opposition] in the Battle of Siffin?’ ‘Abdullah submitted, ‘Certainly by Allah I neither increased their numbers nor fought with them with a sword. However, I attended with my father.’ or something to the effect. Hassan said, ‘Are you not aware that there is no obedience to the creation in the disobedience of Allah?’ ‘Abdullah replied, ‘Indeed. However, I would fast continuously in the time of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, so my father complained about me to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam saying, ‘O Messenger of Allah! ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr fasts during the day and stands in prayer at night.’ Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘Fast and do not fast; and pray and sleep. Indeed, I pray and sleep, and fast and do not fast.’ He then instructed me, ‘O ‘Abdullah, obey your father.’ ‘Abdullah then said, ‘My father went out on the day of Siffin and I followed him.’”[1]

 

Whoever desires to see a man from Jannat should look at Hussain ibn ‘Ali

 

The narration of Sayyidina Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah:

 

و عن جابر رضي الله عنه قال من سره أن ينظر إلى رجل من أهل الجنة فلينظر إلى الحسين بن علي فإني سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يقوله

Sayyidina Jabir radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports, “Whoever desires to see a man from Jannat should look at Hussain ibn ‘Ali; for indeed I have heard Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam saying so.”[2]

 

Mubahalah with the Ahlul Bayt

 

The narration of Sayyidina Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas:

 

عن عامر بن سعد بن ابى وقاص عن ابيه رضي الله عنهما قال لما انزل الله هذه الآية نَدْعُ أَبْنَآءَنَا وَأَبْنَآءَكُمْ دعا رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم عليا و فاطمة و حسنا و حسينا فقال اللهم هؤلاء اهلي

‘Amir ibn Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas relates from his father who says, “When Allah revealed this verse:

نَدْعُ أَبْنَآءَنَا وَأَبْنَآءَكُمْ

Let us call our sons and your sons[3]

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam summoned ‘Ali, Fatimah, Hassan, and Hussain and said, ‘O Allah, these are my family.’”[4]

 

Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam appraisal of Sayyidina Hassan and Sayyidina Hussain

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar:

 

عن عبد الله بن عمر رضي الله عنهما قال كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم إذا أتاه رجل يقول علي رقبة من ولد إسماعيل يقول عليك بحسن و حسين

Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhuma reports, “Whenever a man came to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam saying, ‘I have an obligation to free a slave from the progeny of Ismail.’ Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam would respond, ‘Take Hassan and Hussain.’”[5]

 

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam would seek protection for Sayyidina Hassan and Sayyidina Hussain

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas:

 

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال كان النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يعوذ الحسن و الحسين و يقول إن أباكما كان يعوذ بها إسماعيل و إسحاق أعوذ بكلمات الله التامة من كل شيطان و هامة[6] و من كل عين لامة[7]

Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma relates, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam would seek protection for Hassan and Hussain and remark, ‘Certainly your father [Sayyidina Ibrahim ‘alayh al Salam] would use these words to seek protection for Ismail ‘alayh al Salam and Ishaq ‘alayh al Salam: I seek protection in the perfect words of Allah from every Shaytan and vermin, and from every evil eye.’”[8]

 

Humiliation of the one who Insults Sayyidina Hussain

 

The narration of Sayyidina Anas ibn Malik:

 

عن أنس قال لما أتى عبيد الله بن زياد برأس الحسين جعل ينكت بالقضيب ثناياه يقول لقد كان أحسبه قال جميلا فقلت و الله لأسوءنك إنى رأيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يلثم حيث يقع قضيبك قال فانقبض

Sayyidina Anas radiya Llahu ‘anhu narrates, “When the head of Hussain was brought to ‘Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad, he began poking his front teeth with a rod and remarked, ‘Indeed, he was—I thought he said—handsome.’ I scolded, ‘By Allah, I will certainly insult you. I saw Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam kissing the spot your rod was placed.’ He thus withdrew (his hand).”[9]

 

Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam supplication to purify the Ahlul Bayt; befriending who befriends them, and having enmity for who has enmity for them

 

The narration of Sayyidah Umm Salamah:

 

عن أم سلمة أم المؤمنين رضي الله تعالى عنها أن النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم جلل على الحسن و الحسين و علي و فاطمة رضي الله تعالى عنهم كساء ثم قال اللهم هؤلاء أهل بيتي و خاصتي أذهب عنهم الرجس و طهرهم تطهيرا فقالت أم سلمة رضي الله تعالى عنها و أنا معهم يا رسول الله قال إنك إلى خير

Umm al Mu’minin Sayyidah Umm Salamah radiya Llahu ‘anha reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam covered Hassan, Hussain, ‘Ali, and Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anhum with a sheet and then prayed, “O Allah! These are my family and close ones. Remove impurity from them and grant them extensive purification.” Umm Salamah radiya Llahu ‘anha submitted, “Am I with them, O Messenger of Allah!” The Rasul salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam replied, “You are upon goodness.”[10]

 

و عن أم سلمة رضي الله عنها قالت جاءت فاطمة بنت النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم متوركة الحسن و الحسين في يدها برمة للحسن فيها سخين حتى أتت بها النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فلما وضعتها قدامه قال لها أين أبو الحسن قالت في البيت فدعاه فجلس النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و علي و فاطمة و الحسن و الحسين يأكلون قالت أم سلمة و ما سامني النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و ما أكل طعاما قط و أنا عنده إلا سامنيه قبل ذلك اليوم تعني سامني دعاني إليه فلما فرغ التف عليهم بثوبه ثم قال اللهم عاد من عاداهم و وال من والاهم

Sayyidah Umm Salamah radiya Llahu ‘anha relates, “Fatimah bint al Nabi came to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam with Hassan and Hussain on her sides holding a pot for Hassan which contained warm food. When she placed it in front of the Rasul salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, he asked her, ‘Where is Abu al Hassan?’ She replied, ‘At home.’ Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam called him. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, ‘Ali, Fatimah, Hassan, and Hussain then sat down to eat. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam did not invite me whereas he never ate food while I was by him except that he invited me prior to that day. When he finished eating, he wrapped them with his garment then prayed, ‘O Allah! Have enmity to whoever shows enmity towards them and befriend whoever befriends them.’”[11]

 

The Jinn’s Lamentation upon Sayyidina Hussain:

 

The narration of Sayyidah Umm Salamah:

 

عن أم سلمة رضي الله عنها قالت سمعت الجن تنوح على الحسين بن علي

Sayyidah Umm Salamah radiya Llahu ‘anha recalls, “I heard the jinn lamenting over Hussain ibn ‘Ali.”[12]

 

The narration of Sayyidah Maymunah:

 

عن ميمونة قالت سمعت الجن تنوح على الحسين بن علي

Sayyidah Maymunah radiya Llahu ‘anha relates, “I heard the jinn mourning over Hussain ibn ‘Ali.”[13]

 

Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam love for Sayyidina Hassan and Sayyidina Hussain and his supplication for he who loves them

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Hurairah:

 

عن أبي هريرة قال خرجت مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم في طائفة من النهار لا يكلمني و لا أكلمه حتى جاء سوق بني قينقاع ثم انصرف حتى أتى خباء فاطمة فقال أثم لكع أثم لكع يعني حسنا فظننا إنما تحبسه أمه لأن تغسله و تلبسه سخابا فلم يلبث أن جاء يسعى حتى اعتنق كل واحد منهما صاحبه فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم اللهم إنى أحبه فأحبه و أحبب من يحبه زاد البخارى و قال أبو هريرة فما كان من أحد أحب إلي من الحسن بن علي بعد ما قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم ما قال

Sayyidina Abu Hurairah radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports, “I left with Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam during a part of the day; he did not speak to me and I did not speak to him; until we reached the market place of the Banu Qaynuqa’. He then departed until he reached Fatimah’s house and said, ‘Is the little chap here? Is the little chap here?’ i.e. Hassan. We thought that his mother will keep him to bath him, and put on a sikhab[14] for him. The next moment, he came out running and they embraced each other. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam thereupon prayed, ‘O Allah! I love him, so love him and love the one who loves him.’” Al Bukhari adds: Abu Hurairah comments, “There was no one more beloved to me than Hassan ibn ‘Ali after Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam made this statement.”[15]

 

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال لا أزال أحب هذا الرجل بعد ما رأيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يصنع ما يصنع رأيت الحسن في حجر النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و هو يدخل أصابعه في لحية النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يدخل لسانه في فمه ثم قال اللهم إنى أحبه فأحبه

Sayyidina Abu Hurairah radiya Llahu ‘anhu states, “I never stopped loving this man after I saw Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam behaving how he behaved. I saw Hassan in the lap of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, the former inserting his fingers in the latter’s beard while Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam placed his tongue in the former’s mouth and prayed, ‘O Allah! I certainly love him so love him.’”[16]

 

عن أبي هريرة قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم للحسن و الحسين اللهم إنى أحبهما فأحبهما

Sayyidina Abu Hurairah radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said regarding Hassan and Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhuma, “O Allah! I certainly love them, so love them.”[17]

 

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال رأيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و هو حامل الحسين بن علي و هو يقول اللهم إنى أحبه فأحبه

Sayyidina Abu Hurairah radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports, “I saw Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam holding Sayyidina Hassan ibn ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhuma and saying, ‘O Allah! I certainly love him so love him.’”[18]

 

عن أبي هريرة عن النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم أنه قال لحسن اللهم إنى أحبه فأحبه و أحبب من يحبه

Sayyidina Abu Hurairah radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said about Hassan radiya Llahu ‘anhu, “O Allah! I certainly love him so love him and love the one who loves him.”[19]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Usamah ibn Zaid:

 

عن أسامة بن زيد رضي الله عنهما عن النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم أنه كان يأخذه و الحسن و يقول اللهم إنى أحبهما فأحبهما أو كما قال

Sayyidina Usamah ibn Zaid radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam would hold him and Hassan and pray, “O Allah, I indeed love them so You love them,” or something to the effect.[20]

 

عن أسامة بن زيد رضي الله عنهما قال طرقت النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم ذات ليلة في بعض الحاجة فخرج النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و هو مشتمل على شيء لا أدري ما هو فلما فرغت من حاجتي قلت ما هذا الذي أنت مشتمل عليه قال فكشفه فإذا حسن و حسين على وركيه فقال هذان ابناي و ابنا ابنتي اللهم إنى أحبهما فأحبهما و أحب من يحبهما

Sayyidina Usamah ibn Zaid radiya Llahu ‘anhu narrates, “I knocked at Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam door one night out of some need. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam came out with something wrapped around him; I did not know what it was. After I finished my work, I asked, ‘What is that wrapped around you?’ He opened it and it was Hassan and Hussain on his hips. He said, ‘These are my [grand] sons and my daughter’s sons. O Allah, I indeed love them so love them and love the one who loves them.’”[21]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Bara’ ibn ‘Azib:

 

عن البراء بن عازب رضي الله عنه قال رأيت النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم الحسن بن علي على عاتقه يقول اللهم إنى أحبه فأحبه

Sayyidina Bara’ ibn ‘Azib radiya Llahu ‘anhu recalls, “I saw Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam while Hassan ibn ‘Ali was on his shoulders – saying, ‘O Allah! I certainly love him so love him.’”[22]

 

عن البراء بن عازب رضي الله تعالى عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم أبصر حسنا و حسينا فقال اللهم إنى أحبهما فأحبهما

Sayyidina Bara’ ibn ‘Azib radiya Llahu ‘anhu narrates that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam saw Sayyidina Hassan and Sayyidina Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhuma and said, “O Allah! I indeed love them so love them.”[23]

 

عن البراء بن عازب قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم للحسن بن علي اللهم إنى أحبه فأحبه و أحب من يحبه

Sayyidina Bara’ ibn ‘Azib radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said regarding Sayyidina Hassan ibn ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu: “O Allah, I certainly love them so love them and love the one who loves them.”[24]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Sa’id ibn Zaid:

 

عن سعيد بن زيد بن عمرو بن نفيل رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم احتضن حسنا و قال اللهم إنى أحبه فأحبه

Sayyidina Sa’id ibn Zaid ibn ‘Amr ibn Nufayl radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam embraced Hassan and said, ‘O Allah, I indeed love him, so love him.’”[25]

 

Love for Hassan and Hussain is love for Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and hatred for them is hate for Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Hurairah:

 

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم من أحب الحسن و الحسين فقد أحبني و من أبغضهما فقد أبغضني

Sayyidina Abu Hurairah radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam announced, “Whoever loves Hassan and Hussain, has indeed loved me. And whoever hates them has hatred for me.”[26]

 

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال خرج علينا رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و معه الحسن و الحسين رضي الله عنهما هذا على عاتقه و هذا على عاتقه و هو يلثم هذا مرة و هذا مرة حتى انتهى إلينا فقال له رجل يا رسول الله إنك تحبهما قال نعم من أحبهما فقد أحبني و من أبغضهما فقد أبغضني

Sayyidina Abu Hurairah radiya Llahu ‘anhu relates, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam approached us while Hassan and Hussain were with him; one on each shoulder. He kissed one and then kissed the other until he reached us. A man said to him, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Indeed you love them.’ He affirmed, ‘Yes. Whoever loves them loves me and whoever hates them hates me.’”[27]

 

The narration of a man from Azd Shanu’ah:

 

عن زهير بن الأقمر رجل من بني بكر بن وائل قال لما قتل علي قام الحسن يخطب الناس فقام رجل من أزد شنوءة فقال أشهد لقد رأيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم واضعه في حبوته و هو يقول من أحبني فليحبه و ليبلغ الشاهد الغائب و لولا كرامة رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم ما حدثت به أبدا

Zuhayr ibn al Aqmar—a man from Banu Bakr ibn Wa’il tribe—reports, “When ‘Ali was martyred, Hassan stood up to address the people. A man from the Azd Shanu’ah tribe stood up and declared, ‘I bear witness that I saw Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam placing him in his carry bag and saying, ‘Whoever loves me should love him. Those present should convey [this message] to those absent. Had it not been for the honour of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, I would have never narrated this.’”[28]

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:

 

عن عبد الله بن مسعود أن النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قال للحسن و الحسين اللهم إنى أحبهما فأحبهما و من أحبهما فقد أحبني

Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said regarding Sayyidina Hassan and Sayyidina Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhuma: “O Allah! Certainly, I love them so love them. He who loves them has indeed loved me.”[29]

 

عن عبد الله بن مسعود رضي الله عنه قال كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يصلي فإذا سجد وثب الحسن و الحسين على ظهره فإذا أرادوا أن يمنعوهما أشار إليهم أن دعوهما فإذا قضى الصلوة وضعهما في حجره و قال من احبني فليحب هذين

Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud radiya Llahu ‘anhu narrates, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was performing salah. When he would go into sujud, Hassan and Hussain would jump on his back. When they [the Sahabah] intended to prevent them, he gestured to them to leave them. After he completed salah, he placed them in his lap and said, ‘Whoever loves me, should love these two.’”[30]

 

Sayyidina Hassan and Sayyidina Hussain are Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam flowers

 

The narration of Sayyidina Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas:

 

عن سعد يعني ابن أبي وقاص قال دخلت على رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و الحسن و الحسين يلعبان على بطنه فقلت يا رسول الله أتحبهما فقال و ما لي لا أحبهما و هما ريحانتاي

Sayyidina Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports, “I entered into the presence of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam while Hassan and Hussain were playing on his stomach.

I asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, do you love them?’

He replied, ‘Why should I not love them when they are my flowers!’”[31]

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar:

 

عن عبد الرحمن بن أبي نعم قال كنت شاهدا لابن عمر رضي الله عنه و سأله رجل عن دم البعوض فقال ممن أنت قال من أهل العراق قال انظروا إلى هذا يسألني عن دم البعوض و قد قتلوا ابن النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و سمعت النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يقول هما ريحانتاي من الدنيا

‘Abdur Rahman ibn Abi Na’m recalls, “I was present by Ibn ‘Umar when a man asked him about the compensation for [killing] a mosquito [while in ihram]. He asked, ‘Where are you from?’ ‘From Iraq,’ came the reply. He remarked, ‘Look at this man! He asks me about the compensation for [killing] a mosquito whereas they killed the [grand] son of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. And I heard Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam saying, ‘They [Hassan and Hussain] are my flowers of the world.’”[32]

 

Sayyidina Hassan and Sayyidina Hussain are from the Asbat

 

The narration of Sayyidina Ya’la ibn Murrah:

 

عن يعلى بن مرة قال خرجنا مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فدعينا إلى طعام فإذا الحسين يلعب في الطريق فأسرع النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم أمام القوم ثم بسط يديه فجعل حسين يمر مرة ههنا و مرة ههنا يضاحكه حتى أخذه فجعل إحدى يديه في ذقنه و الأخرى بين رأسه و أذنيه ثم اعتنقه و قبله ثم قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم حسين مني و أنا منه أحب الله من أحبه الحسن و الحسين سبطان من الأسباط

Sayyidina Ya’la ibn Murrah radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports, “We went out with Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam as we were invited for a meal. Hussain was playing on the road. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam rushed in front of the group and spread out his arms. Hussain began avoiding him to the right at times and to the left at times, making him laugh, until he finally grabbed him. He placed one hand on his chin and the other between his head and ears and then embraced and kissed him. He then pronounced, ‘Hussain is from me and I am from him. Allah loves the one who loves him. Hassan and Hussain are from the Asbat [33].’”[34]

 

Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam connection with Sayyidina Hassan and Sayyidina Hussain and his affection towards them

 

The narration of Sayyidina Buraydah ibn al Hasib:

 

عن عبد الله بن بريدة قال سمعت أبى بريدة رضي الله عنه يقول كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يخطبنا فجاء الحسن و الحسين عليهما قميصان أحمران يمشيان و يعثران فنزل رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم من المنبر فحملهما فوضعهما بين يديه ثم قال صدق الله و رسوله إِنَّمَاۤ أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَ أَوْلَادُكُمْ فِتْنَةٌ نظرت إلى هذين الصبيين يمشيان و يعثران فلم أصبر حتى قطعت حديثي و رفعتهما

‘Abdullah ibn Buraydah reports that he heard his father Buraydah radiya Llahu ‘anhu saying, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was once addressing us when Hassan and Hussain came wearing red shirts; walking and stumbling. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam descended from the pulpit, picked them up and placed them in front of him. He then exclaimed, ‘Allah and His Rasul have spoken the truth.

إِنَّمَاۤ أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَ أَوْلَادُكُمْ فِتْنَۃٌ

Your wealth and your children are but a trial.[35]

I saw these two children walking and stumbling. I could not control myself until I cut my talk and picked them up.’[36]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan:

 

عن معاوية رضي الله عنه قال رأيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يمص لسانه أو قال شفته يعنى الحسن بن علي و إنه لن يعذب لسان أو شفتان مصهما رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم

Sayyidina Muawiyah radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports, “I saw Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam sucking his tongue—or he said his lip—i.e. of Sayyidina Hassan ibn ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu. Undoubtedly, that tongue or lips that were sucked by Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam will never be punished.”[37]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Ya’la al ’Amiri:

 

عن يعلى العامري أنه قال جاء الحسن و الحسين يسعيان إلى النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فضمهما إليه و قال إن الولد مبخلة مجبنة

Sayyidina Ya’la al ’Amiri radiya Llahu ‘anhu narrates, “Hassan and Hussain came running to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. He hugged them and said, ‘A child is a cause of stinginess and cowardice.’”[38]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Aswad ibn Khalaf:

 

عن محمد بن الأسود بن خلف عن أبيه رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم أخذ حسينا فقبله ثم أقبل عليهم فقال إن الولد مبخلة مجبنة مجهلة محزنة

Muhammad ibn al Aswad ibn Khalaf relates from his father radiya Llahu ‘anhu that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam took Hussain and kissed him. He then turned to them [the Sahabah] and said, “Indeed, a child is a cause of miserliness, cowardice, ignorance and sorrow.”[39]

 

Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam consideration for Sayyidina Hassan and Sayyidina Hussain and his compassion towards them

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Hurairah:

 

و عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال كنا نصلي مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم العشاء فإذا سجد وثب الحسن و الحسين على ظهره فإذا رفع رأسه أخذهما بيده من خلفه أخذا رفيقا و يضعهما على الأرض فإذا عاد عادا حتى قضى صلاته أقعدهما على فخذيه قال فقمت إليه فقلت يا رسول الله أردهما فبرقت برقة فقال لهما الحقا بأمكما قال فمكث ضوؤها حتى دخلا

Sayyidina Abu Hurairah radiya Llahu ‘anhu narrates, “We were performing ‘Isha’ with Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. When he would perform sujud, Hassan and Hussain would jump on his back. As he would lift his head, he would compassionately take hold of them with his hand from behind him and place them on the ground. Whenever he returned [to sujud], they continued [to jump on his back] until he completed his salah. He then seated them on his thighs.” He continues, “I stood up and asked him, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Should I return them?’ Just then a flash of lightning struck so he told them, ‘Go to your mother.’ The light [of the lightning] remained until they entered [the house].”[40]

 

و عن أبي هريرة أن مروان بن الحكم أتى أبا هريرة في مرضه الذي مات فيه فقال مروان لأبي هريرة ما وجدت عليك في شيء منذ اصطحبنا إلا في حبك الحسن و الحسين قال فتحفز أبو هريرة فجلس فقال أشهد لخرجنا مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم حتى إذا كنا ببعض الطريق سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم صوت الحسن و الحسين و هما يبكيان و هما مع أمهما فأسرع السير حتى أتاهما فسمعته يقول لها ما شأن ابني فقالت العطش قال فأخلف رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم إلى شنة يبتغي فيها ماء و كان الماء يومئذ أغدارا و الناس يريدون الماء فنادى هل أحد منكم معه ماء فلم يبق أحد إلا أخلف بيده إلى كلابه يبتغي الماء في شنة فلم يجد أحد منهم قطرة فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم ناوليني أحدهما فناولته إياه من تحت الخدر فرأيت بياض ذراعيها حين ناولته فأخذه فضمه إلى صدره و هو يضغو ما يسكت فأدلع له لسانه فجعل يمصه حتى هدأ أو سكن فلم أسمع له بكاء و الآخر يبكي كما هو ما يسكت فقال ناوليني الآخر فناولته إياه ففعل به كذلك فسكتا فلم أسمع لهما صوتا ثم قال سيروا فصدعنا يمينا و شمالا عن الظعائن حتى لقيناه على قارعة الطريق فأنا لا أحب هذين و قد رأيت هذا من رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم

Marwan ibn al Hakam came to see Abu Hurairah in his fatal illness. Marwan said to him, “I have found no fault in you from the day you accompanied us except for your love for Hassan and Hussain.” Abu Hurairah radiya Llahu ‘anhu promptly got sat up and said, “I bear witness that we left with Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. While we were en route, Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam heard the voices of Hassan and Hussain crying; and they were with their mother. He hurried until he reached them. I heard him ask her, ‘What is the matter with my sons?’ She said, ‘Thirst.’ Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam went back to the water skin to look for water—and water was scarce in those days and people needed water. He called out, ‘Does anyone of you have water?’ Everyone went searching for water in his water skin, but no one found a drop. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam then said, ‘Pass me one of them.’ She passed the child to him under the curtain. I saw the whiteness of her forearms as she passed him the child. He took him, held him to his chest while the latter was screaming and did not keep quiet. He took out his tongue and the child began sucking it until he became calm; and I did not hear him crying anymore. The other was crying as before and was not keeping quiet. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam then said, ‘Pass me the other one.’ She passed him the child and he did the same. They both kept quiet and I could not hear a sound from them. He then said, ‘Depart.’ We thus split right and left away from the women until we met him on the open road. Should I not love them when I saw Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam doing this?”[41]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Salamah ibn al Akwa’:

 

عن إياس عن أبيه قال لقد قدت بنبي الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و الحسن و الحسين بغلته الشهباء حتى أدخلتهم حجرة النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم هذا قدامه و هذا خلفه

Iyas[42] reports from his father, “I led Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam with Hassan and Hussain on his grey mule until I entered them into Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam room; one was [seated] in front of him and the other behind him.”[43]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Bara’ ibn ‘Azib:

 

و عن البراء بن عازب قال كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يصلي فجاء الحسن و الحسين أو أحدهما فركب على ظهره فكان إذا رفع رأسه قال بيده فأمسكه أو أمسكهما قال نعم المطية مطيتكما

Sayyidina Bara’ ibn ‘Azib radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was performing salah. Hassan and Hussain—or one of them—came and climbed on his back. When he lifted his head, he stretched his hand and held him—or held them. He commented, ‘What a beautiful conveyance you have mounted!’”[44]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Shaddad ibn al Had:

 

عن عبد الله بن شداد بن الهاد عن أبيه رضي الله عنه قال خرج علينا رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم في إحدى صلاتي العشي الظهر أو العصر و هو حامل الحسن أو الحسين فتقدم رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فوضعه ثم كبر للصلوة فصلى فسجد بين ظهراني صلاته سجدة أطالها فقال إني رفعت رأسي فإذا الصبي على ظهر رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و هو ساجد فرجعت في سجودي فلما قضى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم الصلوة قال الناس يا رسول الله إنك سجدت بين ظهراني صلاتك هذه سجدة قد أطلتها فظننا أنه قد حدث أمر أو أنه قد يوحى إليك قال فكل ذلك لم يكن و لكن ابني ارتحلني فكرهت أن أعجله حتى يقضي حاجته

‘Abdullah ibn Shaddad ibn al Had narrates from his father radiya Llahu ‘anhu, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam came to us in one of the afternoon salahs; Zuhr or ‘Asr; carrying Hassan—or Hussain. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam went forward, put him down, recited the takbir for salah and began praying. He performed a lengthy sujud during his salah. I lifted my head and saw that the child was on Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam back while he was in sujud. So I returned to my sujud. When Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam completed the salah, people asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah! You performed an awkwardly lengthy sujud during your salah. We thought that something had happened or that revelation was descending upon you.’ Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam answered by saying, ‘None of this happened. However, my son climbed upon me. And I disliked hurrying him before he was finished.’”[45]

 

Sayyidina Hassan and Sayyidina Hussain are the Leaders of the Youth of Jannat

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Sa’id al Khudri:

 

عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم الحسن و الحسين سيدا شباب أهل الجنة

Sayyidina Abu Sa’id al Khudri radiya Llahu ‘anhu relates that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam stated, “Hassan and Hussain are the leaders of the youth of Jannat.”[46]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Bara’ ibn ‘Azib:

 

عن البراء بن عازب قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم الحسن و الحسين سيدا شباب أهل الجنة

Sayyidina Bara’ ibn ‘Azib radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam confirmed, “Hassan and Hussain are the leaders of the youth of Jannat.”[47]

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:

 

عن عبد الله بن مسعود رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم الحسن و الحسين سيدا شباب أهل الجنة و أبوهما خير منهما

Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud radiya Llahu ‘anhu narrated that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam stated, “Hassan and Hussain are the leaders of the youth of Jannat. And their father is superior to them.”[48]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Hudhaifah ibn al Yaman:

 

عن زر بن حبيش عن حذيفة رضي الله عنه قال سألتنى أمي متى عهدك تعني بالنبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فقلت ما لي به عهد منذ كذا و كذا فنالت مني فقلت لها دعيني آتي النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فأصلي معه المغرب و أسأله أن يستغفر لي و لك فأتيت النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فصليت معه المغرب فصلى حتى صلى العشاء ثم انفتل فتبعته فسمع صوتي فقال من هذا حذيفة قلت نعم قال ما حاجتك غفر الله لك و لأمك ثم قال إن هذا ملك لم ينزل الأرض قط قبل هذه الليلة استأذن ربه أن يسلم علي و يبشرني بأن فاطمة سيدة نساء أهل الجنة و أن الحسن و الحسين سيدا شباب أهل الجنة

Zirr ibn Hubaysh reports from Sayyidina Hudhaifah ibn al Yaman radiya Llahu ‘anhu, “My mother asked me, ‘When did you last meet?’ i.e. with Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. I replied, ‘I have not met him from such and such a time.’ Upon this, she scolded me so I told her, ‘Leave me. I will go to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, perform Maghrib with him and ask him to seek forgiveness for me and you.’ I thus came to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and performed Maghrib with him. He continued observing salah until he performed ‘Isha’. He then left and I followed him. He heard my voice and asked, ‘Who is it? Hudhaifah?’ I replied in the positive. He said, ‘What is your need? May Allah forgive you and your mother.’ He then said, ‘Indeed this is an angel who has not descended to the world prior to this night. He sought permission from his Rabb to greet me and give me glad tidings that Fatimah will be the queen of the women of Jannat and that Hassan and Hussain will be the leaders of the youth of Jannat.’”[49]

 

Sayyidina Hassan is a Sayed (Leader) and Allah will reconcile between two Muslim armies owing to him

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Bakrah:

 

عن الحسن البصري قال سمعت أبا بكرة رضي الله عنه يقول سمعت النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم على المنبر و الحسن إلى جنبه ينظر إلى الناس مرة و إليه مرة و يقول ابني هذا سيد و لعل الله أن يصلح به بين فئتين من المسلمين

Hassan al Basri rahimahu Llah reports that he heard Sayyidina Abu Bakrah radiya Llahu ‘anhu saying, “I heard Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam declaring on the pulpit while Hassan was on his side; he would look sometimes at the crowd and sometimes at him [Hassan], ‘This son of mine is a leader and probably Allah will reconcile between two Muslim groups owing to him.’”[50]

 

عن أبى بكرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم كان يصلي فإذا سجد وثب الحسن رضي الله عنه على ظهره و على عنقه فيرفع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم رفعا رفيقا لئلا يصرع قال فعل ذلك غير مرة فلما قضى صلاته قالوا يا رسول الله رأيناك صنعت بالحسن شيئا ما رأيناك صنعته قال إنه ريحانتي من الدنيا و إن ابني هذا سيد و عسى الله أن يصلح به بين فئتين من المسلمين

Sayyidina Abu Bakrah radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was performing salah. When he prostrated, Hassan jumped on his back and neck. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam would get up slowly and compassionately so he does not fall.” He continues, “He did this many times. When he completed his salah, they asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah! We saw you acting with Hassan in a manner which we never saw you acting before.’ Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘Indeed, he is my flower of this world. And certainly this son of mines is a leader and it is possible that Allah will reconcile between two Muslim factions due to him.’”[51]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Hurairah:

 

عن سعيد بن أبي سعيد المقبري قال كنا مع أبي هريرة فجاء الحسن بن علي بن أبي طالب رضي الله عنهما فسلم فرددنا عليه السلام و لم يعلم به أبو هريرة فقلنا له يا أبا هريرة هذا الحسن بن علي قد سلم علينا فلحقه و قال و عليك و السلام يا سيدي ثم قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يقول إنه سيد

Sa’id ibn Abi Sa’id al Maqburi reports, “We were with Abu Hurairah when Hassan ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib came and made salam. We replied to him. However, Abu Hurairah was not aware of his presence. We said to him, ‘O Abu Hurairah, that was Hassan ibn ‘Ali who just greeted us.’ He (went after him and) caught up with him and said, ‘And peace be upon you, O my leader.’ He then said, ‘I heard Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam saying that he is a leader.’”[52]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah:

 

عن جابر قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم إن ابني يعني الحسن سيد و ليصلحن الله به بين فئتين من المسلمين

Sayyidina Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah radiya Llahu ‘anhuma relates that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Certainly my son—Hassan—is a leader. And Allah will most definitely unite two Muslim groups through him.”[53]

 

Sayyidina Hassan and Sayyidina Hussain both resembled Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam

 

The narration of Sayyidina Anas ibn Malik:

 

عن أنس رضي الله عنه قال لم يكن أحد أشبه بالنبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم من الحسن بن علي

Sayyidina Anas radiya Llahu ‘anhu states, “There is no one who resembled Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam more than Hassan ibn ‘Ali.”[54]

 

عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه أتي عبيد الله بن زياد برأس الحسين رضي الله عنه فجعل في طست فجعل ينكت و قال في حسنه شيئا فقال أنس كان أشبههم برسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و كان مخضوبا بالوسمة[55]

It is reported about Sayyidina Anas ibn Malik radiya Llahu ‘anhu, “The head of Hussain was brought to ‘Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad and placed in a dish. He began poking it and said something about his beauty. Anas radiya Llahu ‘anhu observed, ‘He was the closest in resemblance to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.’ His [hair] was dyed with indigo.”[56]

 

عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه قال كنت عند ابن زياد فجيء برأس الحسين فجعل يقول بقضيب له في أنفه و يقول ما رأيت مثل هذا حسنا قال قلت أما إنه كان من أشبههم برسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم

Sayyidina Anas ibn Malik radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports, “I was by Ibn Ziyad when the head of Hussain was brought. He began poking the latter’s nose with his rod and commented, ‘I have not seen such beauty.’ I said, ‘He enjoyed one of the closest resemblances to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.’”[57]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Bakr:

 

عن عقبة بن الحارث قال رأيت أبا بكر رضي الله عنه و حمل الحسن و هو يقول بأبي شبيه بالنبي ليس شبيه بعلي و علي يضحك

‘Uqbah ibn al Harith narrates, “I saw Abu Bakr carrying Hassan as he remarked, ‘By my father, he resembles Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, not ‘Ali!’ And ‘Ali laughed.”[58]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Juhayfah:

 

عن أبي جحيفة قال رأيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و كان الحسن بن علي يشبهه

Sayyidina Abu Juhayfah radiya Llahu ‘anhu narrates, “I saw Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam; and Hassan ibn ‘Ali resembled him.”[59]

 

Sayyidina Hussain was a part of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar:

 

و عن الشعبي قال لما أراد الحسين بن علي أن يخرج إلى أرض العراق أراد أن يلقى ابن عمر فسأل عنه فقيل له إنه في أرض له فأتاه ليودعه فقال له إني أريد العراق فقال لا تفعل فإن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قال خيرت بين أن أكون ملكا نبيا أو نبيا عبدا فقيل لي تواضع فاخترت أن أكون نبيا عبدا و إنك بضعة من رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فلا تخرج قال فأبى فودعه و قال أستودعك الله من مقتول

Al Sha’bi reports, “When Hussain ibn ‘Ali intended to proceed to Iraq, he wanted to meet Ibn ‘Umar. He thus asked about him and was informed that the latter was in his land. He came to him to bid him farewell and said, ‘I intend to go to Iraq.’ Ibn ‘Umar advised, ‘Do not do so for indeed Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam has said, ‘I was given the choice between being a king and a Nabi or a slave and a Nabi. I was directed to be humble. So I chose to be a Nabi and a slave.’ You are indeed part of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam so do not go.’ He declined and bid him farewell. Ibn ‘Umar said, ‘I place you in Allah’s protection from being killed.’”[60]

 

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam foretells the martyrdom of Sayyidina Hussain

 

The narration of Sayyidah Umm Salamah:

 

و عن أم سلمة رضي الله عنها قالت كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم جالسا ذات يوم في بيتي فقال لا يدخل علي أحد فانتظرت فدخل الحسين فسمعت نشيج رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يبكي فاطلعت فإذا حسين في حجره و النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يمسح جبينه و هو يبكي فقلت و الله ما علمت حين دخل فقال إن جبريل عليه السلام كان معنا في البيت فقال تحبه قلت أما من الدنيا فنعم قال إن أمتك ستقتل هذا بأرض يقال لها كربلاء فتناول جبريل من تربتها فأراها النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فلما أحيط بحسين حين قتل قال ما اسم هذه الأرض قالوا كربلاء فقال صدق رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم أرض كرب و بلاء

Sayyidah Umm Salamah radiya Llahu ‘anha relates, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was sitting in my house one day and said, ‘No one should come to me.’ So I waited. Hussain entered [without my knowledge]. I then heard Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam sobbing so I went to see and saw that Hussain was in his lap and Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was wiping his forehead and crying. I said, ‘By Allah, I did not know when he entered.’ He related, ‘Jibril ‘alayh al Salam was with us in the house. He asked me, ‘Do you love him?’ I replied, ‘Of the world, yes.’ He then said, ‘Your ummah will soon kill him in a land called Karbala’.’ Jibril took some of its sand and showed Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. When Hussain was surrounded before being martyred, he asked, ‘What is the name of this land?’ They said, ‘Karbala’.’ He remarked, ‘Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam spoke the truth. A land of Karb (distress) and Bala’ (calamity).’”[61]

 

و عن عائشة أو أم سلمة رضي الله عنهما أن النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قال لإحداهما لقد دخل علي البيت ملك لم يدخل علي قبلها فقال لي إن ابنك هذا حسين مقتول و إن شيت أريتك من تربة الأرض التي يقتل بها قال فأخرج تربة حمراء

Sayyidah Aisha or Sayyidah Umm Salamah radiya Llahu ‘anha reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to one of them, “An angel came to my house who never came before. He said to me, ‘This son of yours, Hussain, will be killed. If you wish, I will show you the sand of the land where he will be killed.’ He then took out some red sand.”[62]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Anas ibn Malik:

 

عن أنس بن مالك قال استأذن ملك القطر ربه أن يزور النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فأذن له و كان في يوم أم سلمة فقال النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يا أم سلمة احفظي علينا الباب لا يدخل علينا أحد قال فبينما هي على الباب إذ جاء الحسين بن علي فاقتحم ففتح الباب فدخل فجعل النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يلتزمه و يقبله فقال الملك أتحبه قال نعم قال إن أمتك ستقتله إن شئت أريتك المكان الذي تقتله فيه قال نعم قال فقبض قبضة من المكان الذي قتل به فأراه فجاء سهلة أو تراب أحمر فأخذته أم سلمة فجعلته في ثوبها قال ثابت أي البناني الراوي عن أنس فكلنا نقول إنها كربلاء

Sayyidina Anas ibn Malik radiya Llahu ‘anhu relates, “The angel of rain sought permission from Allah to see Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and he was granted the same. It was Umm Salamah’s day. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘O Umm Salamah! Guard the door for us. No one should come by us.’ While she was at the door, Hussain ibn ‘Ali intruded, opened the door and entered [without her knowledge]. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam began embracing him and kissing him. The angel asked, ‘Do you love him?’ ‘Yes,’ he replied. The angel said, ‘Your ummah will kill him. If you wish, I will show you the place where they will kill him.’ He replied in the affirmative. He took a handful of sand from the place where he was martyred and showed him. It was smooth or red sand. Umm Salamah took it and put it in her garment.” Thabit al Bunani the narrator from Anas radiya Llahu ‘anhu says, “We all would say it is Karbala’.”[63]

 

NEXT⇒ Chapter two – The Traditions Of The Sahabah Concerning The Virtues Of The Paternal Uncles And Paternal Aunts Of Rasulullah Salla Llahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam, Their Children And Grandchildren


[1] Al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 176, 177 and attributed it to al Bazzar and then stated, “Its narrators and the narrators of al Sahih besides Hisham ibn al Burayd who is reliable. Al Tabarani narrated it in al Mujam al Awsat however concerning Hussain instead of Hassan hadith no. 3917.

[2] Imam Ahmed reports it in Fada’il al Sahabah vol. 2 pg. 973 hadith no. 1372. Wasi Allah ‘Abbas declared it as sahih. Ibn Hibban hadith no. 6966; Abu Ya’la vol. 3 pg. 397 and the wording is his. Al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 187 and said about it, “Abu Ya’la narrated it and his narrators and the narrators of al Sahih besides Rabi’ ibn Sa’d—and it is said Ibn Sa’id—who is reliable.” Hussain Salim Asad said, “His narrators are reliable.” In Musnad Abi Ya’la 1873.

[3] Surah Al ‘Imran: 61

[4] Imam Muslim has narrated it in a lengthy narration in Kitab fada’il al Sahabah, bab min fada’il ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib radiya Llahu ‘anhu hadith no. 2404.

[5] Al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 185 and said about it, “Al Tabarani narrated it and his narrators are reliable.” It has a shahid by ‘Abdul Razzaq al San’ani—from Ibn ‘Uyaynah—from ‘Amr ibn Dinar that a man said to Ibn ‘Umar, “I have been charged with freeing a slave from the progeny of Ismail.” He said, “Free ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib.” Al Musannaf vol. 8 pg. 491 hadith no. 16017. The object is to establish their lineage to Ismail ibn Ibrahim ‘alayh al Salam.

[6] Every poisonous creature. It is said: every creation which intends evil.

[7] The eye which afflicts with evil. It is said: every sickness and calamity which afflicts man.

[8] Sahih al Bukhari narrated it in Kitab al Ambiya’, bab yazfun hadith no. 3371. This hadith appears in al Bazzar from ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud concerning which al Bazzar said, “Muhammad ibn Dhakwan made a mistake therein. It is actually from Ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma. Al Tabarani in al Mujam al Awsat from ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu. Ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma is from the Ahlul Bayt radiya Llahu ‘anhum.

[9] Al Tabarani narrated it in al Kabir vol. 3 pg. 125 hadith no. 2878. Al Haythami mentioned it in Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 195 and said about it, “Al Bazzar narrated it and al Tabarani narrated it with many isnads and his narrators have been declared reliable.”

[10] Al Tirmidhi narrated it in al Manaqib, bab fadl Fatimah 3871; Sheikh al Albani declared it sahih. Imam Ahmed narrated it in Musnad hadith no. 26639.

[11] Abu Ya’la narrated it in his Musnad vol. 12 pg. 383 hadith no. 6951; Hussain Salim Asad declared it Hassan. Al Haythami records it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 166 and said: “Abu Ya’la narrated it and his isnad is jayyid (excellent).”

[12] Imam Ahmed narrated it in al Fada’il 1373; al Tabarani narrated it in al Kabir vol. 3 pg. 121, 122 hadith 2862, 2867, 2869; Abu Bakr al Shaybani narrated it in al Ahad wa al Mathani vol. 1 pg. 308 hadith 425; al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 199 and said about it, “Al Tabarani narrated it and his narrators are the narrators of al Sahih.” Wasi Allah ‘Abbas declared it Hassan in Fada’il al Sahabah 1373 and Ibn Kathir declared it sahih in al Bidayah wa al Nihayah vol. 6 pg. 231.

[13] Al Tabarani narrated it in al Kabir vol. 3 pg. 122 hadith no. 2868. Al Haythami says in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 199, “Al Tabarani narrated it and his narrators are the narrators of al Sahih. Abu Bakr al Shaybani narrated it in al Ahad wa al Mathani vol. 1 pg. 308 hadith no. 426.

[14] Sikhab: It is a necklace taken from carnation/clove, musk, ‘ud and its like; a mixture of scents made into the form of a rosary and worn as a necklace for young boys and girls. It is said: a thread with pearls known as sakhaban due to the sound of the pearls when it is shaken from al sakhab with a fathah on the sin and kha’. (Sharh al Nawawi ala Sahih Muslim vol. 5 pg. 285)

[15] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab al Libas, bab al sakhab li al sibyan hadith no. 5884; Sahih Muslim, Fada’il al Sahabah, bab fada’il al Hassan wa al Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhuma hadith no. 57, 2421 the wording is his.

[16] Al Hakim narrated it in al Mustadrak, Kitab Ma’rifat al Sahabah, bab min fada’il al Hassan ibn ‘Ali 4791; al Dhahabi has declared it sahih and agreeing with al Hakim.

[17] Imam Ahmed narrated it in al Musnad hadith no. 9758 and in Fada’il al Sahabah vol. 2 pg. 972, 973 hadith no. 1371; Ibn Abi Shaybah in his Musannaf vol. 6 pg. 378 hadith no. 32175. Al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 180 and said, “Al Bazzar narrated it and his isnad is Hassan.”

[18] Al Hakim narrated it vol. 3 pg. 177 and said about it, “Hadith with a Sahih isnad and they have not recorded it.” Al Dhahabi agrees with him. Al Hakim said, “It is reported with an isnad like it in which there is Hassan. Both of them are preserved.”

[19] Sahih Muslim, Fada’il al Sahabah bab fada’il al Hassan wa al Hussain hadith no. 2421.

[20] Sahih al Bukhari, Fada’il al Sahabah bab manaqib al Hassan wa al Hussain hadith 3747.

[21] Al Tirmidhi narrated it in al Manaqib bab manaqib al Hassan wa al Hussain hadith no. 3769 and said about it, “Hassan gharib.” Al Albani has declared it Hassan in Sahih al Tirmidhi.

[22] Sahih al Bukhari, Manaqib al Sahabah, bab manaqib al Hassan wa al Hussain hadith no. 3749; Sahih Muslim, fada’il al Sahabah, bab al Hassan wa al Hussain hadith no. 2422.

[23] Al Tirmidhi narrates it in Manaqib, bab manaqib al Hassan wa al Hussain hadith no. 3782 and said about it, “Hadith is Hassan sahih.”

[24] Ibn al Ja’d narrates it in his Musnad vol. 1 pg. 295 hadith no. 2008; al Tabarani in al Kabir vol. 3 pg. 31 hadith no. 2583 and in al Awsat vol. 2 pg. 276 hadith no. 1972. Al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 176 and then said, “I say: it appears in al Sahih except his statement, ‘And love who loves him.’” He also says, “Al Tabarani narrated it in al Kabir and al Awsat, and al Bazzar, and Abu Ya’la. The narrators of al Kabir are the narrators of al Sahih.”

[25] Al Tabarani narrated it in al Kabir vol. 1 pg. 152 hadith no. 351 and in al Awsat vol. 2 pg. 91 hadith no. 1349. Al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 176 and attributed it to al Tabarani and said, “His narrators and the narrators of al Sahih except Yazid ibn Yahnas who is reliable.” Abu Ya’la narrated it hadith no. 960. Muhaqqiq Hussain Salim Asad said, “Its isnad is da’if (weak).” I declare: the hadith is sahih with all its chains and shawahid.

[26] Ibn Majah narrated it in his introduction, bab fadl al Hassan wa al Hussain ibnay ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib radiya Llahu ‘anhum hadith no. 143. Sheikh al Albani declared it Hassan. Imam Ahmed narrated it in his Musnad 7863, al Nasa’i in al Kubra 8168, al Tabarani in al Kabir vol. 3 pg. 38, 39; al Hakim in Marifat al Sahabah bab min Manaqib al Hassan wa al Hussain vol. 3 pg. 187 hadith no. 4799. Al Dhahabi declared it sahih and agreed with him. Salim Asad declared it Hassan in Musnad Abi Ya’la 6215.

[27] Imam Ahmed narrated it in his Musnad hadith no. 9671; Shu’ayb has declared it Hassan; and in al Fada’il 1376. Al Hakim narrated it in al Mustadrak, Kitab Ma’rifat al Sahabah, bab min Manaqib al Hassan wa al Hussain vol. 3 pg. 182 hadith no. 4777 and he declared it sahih, al Dhahabi has agreed with him. Al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 179 and said about it, “Ahmed narrated it and his narrators are reliable and there exists diffences with regards to some of them.” Al Bazzar narrated it. Al Albani declared it sahih in al Silsilah al Sahihah 2895. Imam Ahmed narrated it hadith no. 9671; Shu’ayb has declared it Hassan; and in al Fada’il 1376.

[28] Imam Ahmed narrated it in his Musnad hadith 23155 and in al Fada’il no. 1387. Ibn Abi Shaybah 32188, al Bukhari it al Tarikh al Kabir vol. 3 pg. 428. This isnad of the hadith is sahih besides al Haythami’s statement of it in Majma’ al Zawa’id vol. 9 pg. 176, “Ahmed narrated it and it has someone I do not recognise.” Shu’ayb al Arna’ut said, “Its isnad is sahih.” Al Hakim narrated it in al Mustadrak vol. 3 pg. 190 hadith 4806 and the wording is his.

[29] Al Bazzar narrated it in his Musnad vol. 5 pg. 217 hadith no. 1820. Al Haythami said in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 180, “Bazzar narrated it and his isnad is jayyid.”

[30] Ibn Khuzaymah narrated it, Kitab al Salah, bab dhikr al dalil ‘ala anna al isharah fi al salah bima yufhamu ‘an al mushir la yaqta’ vol. 2 pg. 48 hadith no. 887. Al Nasa’i in al Kubra, Kitab al Salah, bab al sabi yatawathabu ‘ala al musalli vol. 5 pg. 50 hadith 8170. Al Bayhaqi in al Kubra vol. 2 pg. 262 hadith no. 3237. Ibn Hibban in al Manaqib hadith no. 6970. Abu Ya’la in his Musnad vol. 9 pg. 250 hadith no. 5368. Al Bazzar in his Musnad vol. 5 pg. 226 hadith no. 834. Al Haythami said in Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 179, “The narrators of Abu Ya’la are reliable and there exists ikhtilaf with regards to some.” Al Albani declared it sahih in al Silsilah al Sahihah 4002 due to its shawahid.

[31] Al Bazzar narrated it in his Musnad vol. 3 pg. 286 hadith no. 1078. Al Haythami said in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 181, “Al Bazzar narrated it and his narrators are the narrators of al Sahih.”

[32] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab al Adab, bab rahmat al walad taqbilihi hadith no. 5994.

[33] The meaning of his statement, “… are from the asbat,” is: [they are] one of the nations in goodness. Asbat in the progeny of Ishaq ibn Ibrahim al Khalil ‘alayh al Salam is like tribes in the progeny of Ismail. The singular is sibt. It is used to refer to an ummah and vice versa. (al Nihayah pg. 408)

[34] Al Tabarani records it in al Kabir vol. 22 pg. 273 hadith no. 2586; it has ‘Abdullah ibn Salih whose memory is weak. Imam Ahmed records it hadith no. 17597, Ibn Hibban 6971, al Tabarani in al Kabir vol. 3 pg. 33 hadith no. 2589, al Hakim vol. 3 pg. 177, Ibn Majah 144—all of them mentioned an incident in the beginning. Al Tirmidhi 3775 condensed without mentioning the incident. All of them without mention of Hassan ibn ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu. In its sanad is Sa’id ibn Rashid or Ibn Abi Rashid who is accepted as a Hafiz Ibn Hajar stated in al Taqrib. Sheikh Shu’ayb has declared it da’if in Takhrij al Musnad. Al Albani declared it Hassan in Sahih al Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and Sahih al Jami. Al Haythami mentioned it al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 181 and said, “Al Tirmidhi narrated it condensed with mention of Hassan. Al Tabarani narrated it and his isnad is Hassan.”

[35] Surah al Taghabun: 15

[36] Imam Ahmed narrated it in al Musnad hadith 23045 and in al Fada’il 1358. Abu Dawood vol. 1 pg. 290 no. 1109. Al Nasa’i hadith no. 1586. Al Tirmidhi in al Manaqib, bab manaqib al Hassan wa al Hussain hadith no. 4774 and stated, “Hassan gharib.” Ibn Abi Shaybah in his Musannaf 32189. Ibn Hibban, Kitab al Fara’id, bab dhawi al arham hadith 6039. Al Albani declared it sahih in Sahih Abi Dawood. Al Arna’ut said, “Its isnad is strong in Musnad Ahmed 23045.”

[37] Imam Ahmed narrated it vol. 4 pg. 93 hadith no. 16894, al Arna’ut declared, “Its isnad is sahih.” Al Haythami said in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 177, “Ahmed narrated it and his narrators are the narrators of al Sahih besides ‘Abdur Rahman ibn Abi ‘Awf who is reliable.

[38] Sunan Ibn Majah, al Adab, bab birr al walad wa al ihsan ila al banat hadith 3666. Al Busiri stated in Misbah al Zujajah vol. 4 pg. 99, “Its isnad is sahih.” Al Albani declared it sahih. Ahmed also narrated it in al Musnad 17598 and al Fada’il 1362; al Tabarani in al Kabir vol. 3 pg. 32 hadith 2587; Ibn Abi Shaybah in his Musannaf hadith 32180. Al Haythami stated in al Majma’ vol. 10 pg. 54, “Ibn Majah, Ahmed and al Tabarani narrated it and their narrators are reliable.” Al Hakim narrated it in al Mustadrak vol. 3 pg. 164 with the addition of mihzanah and said, “Sahih on the condition of Muslim.” Al Bayhaqi narrated it in al Kubra vol. 10 pg. 202 hadith 20652 with the addition of mahzanah.

[39] Al Hakim narrated it in al Mustadrak, Kitab Ma’rifat al Sahabah, bab dhikr al Aswad ibn Khalaf vol. 3 pg. 335 hadith 5284. It is sahih with the shawahid which passed in the previous hadith besides the word majhalah.

[40] Imam Ahmed narrated it in his Musnad 10669, al Arna’ut declared it Hassan; and in al Fada’il 1401. Al Hakim narrated it in al Mustadrak 4782 and said about it, “Its isnad is sahih but they have not recorded it.” Al Dhahabi agreed with him. Al Tabarani narrated it in al Kabir vol. 3 pg. 51 hadith 2659. Al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 181 and said, “Ahmed narrated it and al Bazzar condensed and he said, ‘On a dark night.’ The narrators of Ahmed are reliable.” Sheikh al Albani said in al Silsilah al Sahihah 3325: “Sahih.”

[41] Al Tabarani narrated it in al Mujam al Kabir vol. 3 pg. 50 hadith no. 2656. Al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 180, 181 and attributed it to al Tabarani and said about it, “His narrators are reliable.” It appears it Musnad Abi Hurairah fi Jami al Ahadith of al Suyuti no. 42395 however its isnad is da’if.

[42] He is Iyas ibn Salamah ibn al Akwa’ al Aslami al Madani.

[43] Muslim narrated it in Fada’il al Sahabah, bab fada’il al Hassan wa al Hussain no. 2423.

[44] Al Tabarani narrated it in al Awsat vol. 4 pg. 205 hadith no. 3987. Al Haythami said in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 182, “Al Tabarani narrated it in al Awsat and his isnad is Hassan.”

[45] Imam Ahmed narrated it in al Musnad, Shu’ayb al Arna’ut declared it sahih 16076. Al Hakim narrated it in al Mustadrak, Kitab Ma’rifat al Sahabah, bab wa min manaqib al Hassan wa al Hussain vol. 3 pg. 165, 166 and declared it sahih. Ibn Abi Shaybah narrated it 32191. Al Albani declared it sahih in Sahih Sunan al Nasa’i 1140.

[46] Al Tirmidhi narrated it in al Manaqib, bab manaqib al Hassan wa al Hussain hadith no. 3768 and stated, “Hassan sahih.” Al Albani declared it sahih. Imam Ahmed narrated it in al Musnad 11012, 11612, 11636, 11794, al Arna’ut declared it sahih, and in al Fada’il hadith no. 1384. Al Hakim vol. 3 pg. 166, 167; al Nasa’i in al Khasa’is 140; Abu Ya’la vol. 2 pg. 395; Ibn Abi Shaybah in al Musannaf 32176; Ibn Hibban, Kitab ikhbarihi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ‘an Manaqib al Sahabah hadith no. 6959.

[47] Al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 184 and stated, “Al Tabarani narrated it and his isnad is Hassan.” I say: It appears in al Mujam al Awsat vol. 4 pg. 325 hadith no. 4332 and not it al Kabir. Note: Many ‘Ulama’ have considered this hadith from the mutawatir. It comes via 17 Sahabah as stated in Nazm al Mutanathir of al Kattani and Allah is pleased with all of them viz. Abu Sa’id al Khudri, Hudhaifah ibn al Yaman, ‘Umar ibn al Khattab, ‘Ali, Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah, Hussain ibn ‘Ali, Usamah ibn Zaid, Bara’ibn ‘Azib, Qurrah ibn Iyaz, Malik ibn al Huwayrith, Abu Hurairah, Ibn ‘Umar, Ibn Mas’ud, Anas, Buraydah, Ibn ‘Abbas and Hassan ibn ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhum.

[48] Al Hakim narrated it in al Mustadrak vol. 3 pg. 167 and declared it sahih. Al Dhahabi agreed with him. Al Albani declared it sahih in Sahih al Jami’ 47, 5493.

[49] Al Tirmidhi narrated it in al Manaqib, bab manaqib al Hassan wa al Hussain hadith no. 3781 and stated, “Hassan gharib.” Al Albani declared it sahih. Imam Ahmed narrated it in al Musnad hadith no. 23377, 23378, Sheikh Shu’ayb declared it sahih; and in al Fada’il no. 1406. Al Nasa’i in al Sunan al Kubra 8298, 9365. Al Hakim condensed vol. 3 pg. 151. Ibn Abi Shaybah condensed 32177. Ibn Khuzaymah in his sahih vol. 2 pg. 206. Abu Nasr al Mirwazi as appears in Mukhtasar Qiyam al Layl pg. 57

[50] Sahih al Bukhari, Fada’il al Sahabah, bab manaqib al Hassan wa al Hussain hadith no. 3746.

[51] Imam Ahmed narrated it in al Musnad hadith no. 20535. al Arna’ut stated: “The Hadith is sahih.” This isnad is Hassan. His narrators are reliable except Mubarak ibn Fudalah who is truthful. Abu Dawood al Tayalisi narrated it 874; Ibn Hibban is his Sahih, Manaqib al Sahabah vol. 15 pg. 418 hadith 6964; al Tabarani in al Kabir vol. 3 pg. 34. al Bazzar vol. 9 pg. 111 hadith no. 3657. Al Haythami has reported it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 175 and attributed it to Ahmed, al Tabarani and al Bazzar and stated, “The narrators of Ahmed are the narrators of al Sahih besides Mubarak ibn Fudalah and he had been declared reliable.”

[52] Al Hakim narrated it in al Mustadrak vol. 3 pg. 169, Kitab Ma’rifat al Sahabah, bab min fada’il al Hassan ibn ‘Ali and declared it sahih; al Dhahabi agreed with him. Al Tabarani narrated it in al Kabir vol. 3 pg. 35 hadith no. 2596. Al Haythami said in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 178, “Al Tabarani narrated it and his narrators are reliable.” Abu Ya’la al Mawsili narrated it 6561. Hussain Salim Asad stated, “Its isnad is sahih.”

[53] Al Tabarani narrated it in al Kabir vol. 3 pg. 35 hadith no. 2598, and in al Awsat vol. 7 pg. 130 hadith no. 7071. Al Haythami stated in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 178, “Al Tabarani narrated it in al Awsat and al Kabir and al Bazzar narrated it. ‘Abdur Rahman ibn Maghra’ appears therein, many have declared him reliable but he has some weakness. The remaining narrators of al Bazzar are the narrators of al Sahih.”

[54] Sahih al Bukhari, Fada’il al Sahabah, bab manaqib al Hassan wa al Hussain hadith no. 3752.

[55] Al wasmah: A plant whose colour is close to black which is used as a dye.

[56] Sahih al Bukhari, Fada’il al Sahabah, bab manaqib al Hassan wa al Hussain hadith no. 3748.

[57] Al Tirmidhi narrated it in al Manaqib, bab manaqib al Hassan wa al Hussain hadith no. 3778 and stated, “Hassan sahih gharib.” Al Albani declared it sahih. Imam Ahmed narrated it in Fada’il al Sahabah no. 1394; Ibn Hibban 6972. Al Arna’ut declared it sahih (Mawarid al Zam’an pg. 554). Al Tabarani in al Kabir vol. 3 pg. 125 hadith no. 2879.

[58] Sahih al Bukhari, Fada’il al Sahabah, bab manaqib al Hassan wa al Hussain hadith no. 3750.

[59] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab al Manaqib, bab sifat al Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam hadith no. 3544. Muslim narrated it with slight variations 2343, Kitab al Fada’il, bab shabihihi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

[60] Al Tabarani narrated it in al Awsat vol. 1 pg. 189 hadith no. 597. Al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 192 and stated, “Narrated by al Bazzar and al Tabarani in al Awsat and the narrators of al Bazzar are reliable.” Iraqi said in Takhrij Ihya’ al Din vol. 2 pg. 211: “Its isnad is Hassan.”

[61] Imam Ahmed narrated it in Fada’il al Sahabah no. 1391. Al Tabarani in al Kabir vol. 3 pg. 108 2819. The wording is his. Al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 188, 189 and stated, “Al Tabarani narrated it with many isnads and the narrators of one of them are reliable.” Wasi Allah ‘Abbas declared it Hassan in Fada’il al Sahabah.

[62] Imam Ahmed recorded it in al Musnad hadith no. 26567. Shu’ayb al Arna’ut said, “Hadith is Hassan with its many chains and shahid, and in al Fada’ill 1357, Wasi Allah ‘Abbas declared it sahih. Al Haythami stated vol. 9 pg. 187, “Ahmed narrated it and his narrators are the narrators of al Sahih.”

[63] Abu Ya’la narrated it in his Musnad vol. 6 pg. 129 hadith no. 3402 and the wording is his. Hussain Salim Asad declared it Hassan. Imam Ahmed narrated it in his Musnad hadith no. 13563. Ibn Hibban in his Sahih vol. 15 pg. 142 hadith 6742. Al Tabarani vol. 3 pg. 106 hadith no. 2813. Al Haythami said, “Ahmed, Abu Ya’la, al Bazzar and al Tabarani narrated it with many isnads. ‘Ammarah ibn Zadhan is therein who has been deemed reliable by a group and he has some weakness. The rest of the narrators of Abu Ya’la are the narrators of al Sahih vol. 9 pg. 187. Sheikh al Albani declared it sahih due to the combination of its chains. See al Silsilah al Sahihah vol. 3 pg. 159 hadith 1171.