Introduction

BACK Return to Table of contents

 

Introduction

 

The era of the Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum was an era of truthfulness and integrity. The purest exhibition of brotherhood and love, the most magnificent anecdotes of preference and the most manifest examples of Muslim brotherhood were predominant in that era. The books of history are honoured by these incidents, boast about them, embellish and beautify themselves by recording them. Evil found no place in their time and the remnants of the era of ignorance were wiped out by Islam, to the extent that Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam completed his mission of Prophethood and placed the fragments of ignorance under his feet. He tutored them and then bid them farewell. They would believe and trust one another and no one lied against his brother.

This illuminating and beautiful image remained between the Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam until the mischief mongers appeared who disfigured this image with falsehood and fabrications. Those most responsible for this are the factions who deviated from guidance; the most significant of them being two:

  1. Al Nasibah: Those who displayed enmity towards Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu and the Ahlul Bayt. Their existence was for notorious political agendas and motives. This group has ceased to exist for a long while now and they have not raised their ugly head. And all praise belongs to Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala.[1]
  2. Al Rafidah: Those who were extremist regarding Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu and the Ahlul Bayt and manifested their enmity towards the Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum. They have forged more lies than the first group. They have invented such fabrications which one feels ashamed of listening to.

Certainly, Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala expounded on the qualities of the Nabi’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum by His statement:

أَشِدَّاءُ عَلَى الْكُفَّارِ رُحَمَاءُ بَيْنَهُمْ

Forceful against the disbelievers, merciful among themselves.[2]

The lives of the Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum thorugh their mutual love, brotherhood, mercy, and assistance were a true embodiment of this verse. Every belief which contests this mutual relation is falsification of the categorical declaration of the Qur’an and rejection of the testimony of Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala.

The love the Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum possessed for the household of Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was incorporated in this lofty nurturing and general mutual affection was strengthened by the bequest of Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam in favour of the Ahlul Bayt.

 

أبو بكر الصديق والد الصديقة صلى العصر ثم خرج يمشي فرأى الحسن يلعب مع الصبيان فحمله على عاتقه و قال بأبي شبيه بالنبي صلى الله عليه و سلم لا شبيه بعلي و علي يضحك

Once, Sayyidina Abu Bakr al Siddiq, father of Sayidah ‘Aisha al Siddiqah radiya Llahu ‘anhuma, performed Salat al ‘Asr and then left on foot. He saw Hassan playing with some children so he carried him on his shoulder and commented, “By my father, he resembles the Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, not ‘Ali!” And ‘Ali laughed.[3]

 

He once declared:

والذي نفسي بيده لقرابة رسول الله ‏‏صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ‏أحب إلي أن أصل من قرابتي

By the One Who has control of my life, maintaining good ties with the relatives of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is more beloved to me than maintaining good ties with my own relatives.”[4]

 

And he advised:

ارقبوا محمدا صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم في اهل بيته

Honour Muhammad salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam by honouring his household.[5]

 

Sayyidina ‘Umar ibn al Khattab’s love for Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhuma and his seeking counsel from him in all matters is well-known. Eventually, this strong bond was crowned by relationship through marriage, when Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu wed his daughter to Sayyidina ‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhu. Furthermore, his love and compassion for Hassan and Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhuma, and the veneration he afforded them when granting them stipends[6] is famous; to the extent that al Daraqutni[7] authored a book which he named Thana al Sahabah ala al Qarabah wa Thana al Qarabah ala al Sahabah[8].

Our mother Sayyidah Aisha radiya Llahu ‘anha followed this praiseworthy pattern with propulsive sincerity for Allah and in following the practice of the Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.[9]

In this section, we will mention points which illustrate the harmonious relationship between Umm al Mu’minin and the Ahlul Bayt radiya Llahu ‘anhum.

 

NEXT⇒ The harmonious relationship between Umm al Mu’minin Aisha and the Ahlul Bayt in the books of the Ahlus Sunnah


[1] Ibn Sa’di: Al Tanbihat al Latifah fima Ihtawat alayhi al Aqidah al Wasitiyyah min al Mabahith al Munifah pg. 121.

[2] Surah al Fath: 29

[3] Sahih al Bukhari Hadith: 3542.

[4] Sahih al Bukhari Hadith: 3712; Sahih Muslim Hadith: 1759.

[5] Sahih al Bukhari Hadith: 3713.

[6] For a detailed thesis on the harmonious relationship between the Sahabah especially the three Khulafa’ and the Ahlul Bayt, study the book Haqa’iq an Al al Bayt wa al Sahabah of Yunus al Sheikh Ibrahim al Samura’i.

[7] He is ‘Ali ibn ‘Umar ibn Ahmed, Abu al Hassan al Daraqutni. Sheikh al Islam, al Muqri’ al Muhaddith. He was an ‘alim, hafiz, faqih and was righteous. He was born in the year 306 A.H. He was the only imam in the science of hadith in his era. He has written outstanding books. One of his works is al Ilal and al Sunan. He passed away in 385 A.H. See Siyar A’lam al Nubala’ of al Dhahabi vol. 16 pg. 449 and Wafiyat al Ayan of Ibn Khalikan vol. 3 pg. 297.

[8] Refer to Al Rasulillah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam wa Auliya’uh wa Mawqif Ahlus Sunnah wa al Shia min Aqa’idihim wa Fada’ilihim wa Fiqhihim wa Fuqaha’ihim of Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al Rahman ibn Qasim pg. 67.

[9] From the discussion Ummuna Aisha Malakat al Afaf of Nabil Zayyani.