Hadith 6: The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam went out one morning wearing a striped cloak (made) of a black camel’s hair. …

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Hadith 6

 

خرج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم غداة وعليه مرط مرحل من شعر أسود، فجاء الحسن بن علي فأدخله، ثم جاء الحسين فدخل معه، ثم جاءت فاطمة فأدخلها، ثم جاء علي فأدخله ثم قال: (إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت ويطهركم تطهيرا‏)

The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam went out one morning wearing a striped cloak (made) of a black camel’s hair. Hassan ibn ‘Ali came and the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam placed him under it. Then came Hussain and he entered (the cloak) with him. Then came Fatimah and he salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam placed her under it. Then came ‘Ali and he salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam placed him under it. Then he said, “Allah intends only to remove from you the impurity [of sin], O people of the [Prophet’s] household, and to purify you with [extensive] purification.”[1]


This hadith has appears from Aisha, ‘Umar ibn Abi Salamah, Wathilah ibn al Asqa’, Umm Salamah, ‘Abdullah ibn Jafar, and Abu Sa’id radiya Llahu ‘anhum.

 

The Hadith of Aisha

This hadith has been narrated by Imam Muslim.[2]

 

The Hadith of ‘Umar ibn Abi Salamah

Imam al Tirmidhi (and others) narrates from Yahya ibn ‘Ubaid — from ‘Ata’ ibn Abi Rabah — from ‘Umar ibn Abi Salamah, the foster son of Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam who said, “When the verse, ‘Allah intends only to remove from you the impurity [of sin], O people of the [Prophet’s] household, and to purify you with [extensive] purification,’[3] was revealed to Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam in the house of Umm Salamah, he called Fatimah, Hassan, and Hussain, and enveloped them in a cloak. ‘Ali was behind his back, so he (also) enveloped him in the cloak. And then he said, ‘O Allah! These are the people of my house, so remove the rijs (sins and evil deeds) and purify them, a thorough purification.’ Umm Salamah said, ‘And I, O Prophet of Allah?’ He salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘You are (already) in your place and you are (already) upon good.’”[4]

 

The Hadith of Wathilah ibn al Asqa’

Imam Ahmed (and others) narrates from al Awza’i — from Shaddad Abi ‘Ammar who said, “I entered (the presence) of Wathilah ibn al Asqa’. There were people around him and they mentioned ‘Ali. When they stood up (to leave) he said to me, ‘Shall I not inform you of what I saw from the Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam?’ I said, ‘Certainly!’

He then went on and mentioned something similar (to the above narration).[5]

 

The Hadith of Umm Salamah

 

فرواه أحمد في المسند وفي الفضائل وغيره عن أم سلمة: أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان في بيتها فأتته فاطمة ببرمة فيها خزيرة فدخلت بها عليه فقال لها ادعي زوجك وابنيك قالت فجاء علي والحسين والحسن فدخلوا عليه فجلسوا يأكلون من تلك الخزيرة وهو على منامة له على دكان تحته كساء له خيبري قالت وأنا أصلي في الحجرة فأنزل الله عز وجل هذه الآية (إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت ويطهركم تطهيرا) قالت فأخذ فضل الكساء فغشاهم به ثم أخرج يده فألوى بها إلى السماء ثم قال اللهم هؤلاء أهل بيتي وخاصتي فأذهب عنهم الرجس وطهرهم تطهيرا اللهم هؤلاء أهل بيتي وخاصتي فأذهب عنهم الرجس وطهرهم تطهيرا قالت فأدخلت رأسي البيت فقلت وأنا معكم يا رسول الله قال إنك إلى خير إنك إلى خير

Imam Ahmed (and others) narrates from Umm Salamah that Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was in her house. Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha came to him with a pot of khazirah (a kind of food). She entered (his presence) with it and he salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Call your husband and two sons!” She said, “‘Ali, Hassan, and Hussain came. They entered (his presence) and sat down eating from the food. Meanwhile, the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was lying on a mattress covered with a cloak from Khaybar. I was reading salah in the room, and Allah revealed the verse, ‘Allah intends only to remove from you the impurity [of sin], O people of the [Prophet’s] household, and to purify you with [extensive] purification.’[6] He salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam took hold of the remainder of the cloak and covered them with it. He removed his hand (from the cloak), raised it towards the sky and said, ‘O Allah! These are the members of my household and the nearest to me. Remove from them the rijs (evil deeds and sins) and purify them, a thorough purification.’ I (Umm Salamah) entered the house (where they were gathered) and said, ‘Me too, O Messenger of Allah?’ He said, ‘You are (already) upon good! You are (already) upon good!’

 

The remaining chains of transmission are not authentic. They have been mentioned in the original work.

 

NEXT⇒ Hadith 7


[1] Surah al Ahzab: 33.

[2] Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 2424.

[3] Surah al Ahzab: 33.

[4] Imam al Tirmidhi: Sunan al Tirmidhi, Hadith: 3205, 3787.

[5] Imam Ahmed: Musnad Ahmed, 4/107, Fada’il al Sahabah, 1077, 1149, and 1404).

[6] Surah al Ahzab: 33.