Hadith 53: Indeed, when Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was approaching death, Safiyyah said, “O Messenger of Allah, every one of your wives has a family to whom she can resort back to…

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Hadith 53

 

أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لما حضر قالت صفية: يا رسول الله لكل امرأة من نسائك أهل يلجأ إليهم، وإنك أجليت أهلي، فإن حدث حدث فإلى من؟ قال: إلى علي بن أبي طالب رضي الله عنه.

Indeed, when Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was approaching death, Safiyyah said, “O Messenger of Allah, every one of your wives has a family to whom she can resort back to. And indeed, you have expelled my family; therefore, if something happens, who should I resort to?” He said, “To ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib radiya Llahu ‘anhu.”

 

Al Tabarani and others narrate — from Muawiyah ibn Hisham — from Hamzah al Zayyat — from Abu Ishaq — Dhu’ayb narrated to me (the hadith).[1]

Al Haythami says, “Al Tabarani narrates this hadith. All the narrators of the hadith are narrators from the Sahih (authentic) collections (i.e. al Bukhari and/or Muslim).”[2]

However, there is a difference of opinion regarding the status of Muawiyah ibn Hisham.

Abu Ishaq is a mukhtalit (commits serious errors).

Imam al Bukhari narrates — ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad said to me — Hussain al Ashqar al Kufi narrated to me—I met him in Basrah where he attended the gathering of Yahya ibn Adam — Isra’il narrated to us — from Abu Ishaq — from Malik ibn Malik—he was a guest of Masruq — from Safiyyah bint Huyayy.”[3]

Imam al Bukhari says that Malik (in the above chain of transmission) is not known except to have narrated this one hadith. And he does not enjoy any mutaba’at[4] (parallel narrations).

Al Ashqar is da’if (weak).

Abu Ishaq is a mudallis[5] (obfuscates when he narrates) and a mukhtalit (commits serious errors).

Ibn Abi ‘Asim narrates this hadith with a chain of transmission that contains the narrator Muhammad ibn al Hassan al Asadi.[6] He possesses some weakness.

It also contains the narrator Abu Ishaq. As mentioned previously, he is a mudallis (obfuscates when he narrates) and a mukhtalit (commits serious errors).

Al ‘Uqayli (also) narrates the hadith. He says, “It enjoys no mutaba’at (parallel narrations). It also contains the narrator Dirar ibn Surad. He is matruk (suspected of forgery). And it also contains Abu Ishaq. As mentioned previously, he is a mudallis (obfuscates when he narrates) and a mukhtalit (commits serious errors).”[7]

Al Daraqutni says, “This hadith is mudtarib (unresolvably problematic).”[8]

 

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[1] Al Tabarani: al Mujam al Kabir, hadith no. 4214.

[2] Nur al Din al Haythami: Majma’ al Zawa’id, 9/113.

[3] Imam al Bukhari: al Tarikh al Kabir, 7/311.

[4] For an explanation of this term. please see p. [translator’s note]

[5] For an explanation of this term. please see p. [translator’s note]

[6] Ibn Abi ‘Asim: al Ahad wa al Mathani, hadith no. 3111.

[7] Al ‘Uqayli: al Du’afa’ al Kabir, 4/172.

[8] Al Daraqutni: al ‘Ilal al Waridah, 15/290.