Hadith 5: Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan appointed Sa’d as the governor and said, “What prevents you from cursing Abu Turab (ref. to ‘Ali)?” …

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Hadith 5

 

أمر معاوية بن أبي سفيان سعدا فقال: ما منعك أن تسب أبا التراب؟ فقال: أما ما ذكرت ثلاثا قالهن له رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فلن أسبه، لأن تكون لي واحدة منهن أحب إلى من حمر النعم. سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول له خلفه في بعض مغازيه فقال له علي: يا رسول الله خلفتني مع النساء والصبيان. فقال له رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: ‏”‏أما ترضى أن تكون مني بمنزلة هارون من موسى إلا أنه لا نبوة بعدي‏”‏‏.‏ وسمعته يقول يوم خيبر: ‏”‏لأعطين الراية رجلا يحب الله ورسوله ويحبه الله ورسوله‏”‏‏.‏ قال: فتطاولنا لها فقال: ‏”‏ادعوا لي عليا‏”‏‏.‏ فأتي به أرمد، فبصق في عينه، ودفع الراية إليه، ففتح الله عليه. ولما نزلت هذه الآية: (فقل تعالوا ندع أبناءنا وأبناءكم‏‏) دعا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عليا وفاطمة وحسنا وحسينا فقال: ‏”‏اللهم هؤلاء أهلي”‏‏.

Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan appointed Sa’d as the governor and said,What prevents you from cursing Abu Turab (ref. to ‘Ali)?”

He responded and said, “I heard three things which the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said on account of which I will never curse him. To possess even one of these three things would be more beloved to me than red camels. I heard the Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam say to ‘Ali (when) he left him behind in some of his campaigns. ‘Ali said to him, ‘O Messenger of Allah! You left me behind with women and children?’ Thereupon Allah’s Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to him, ‘Are you not pleased that you are unto me as Harun was to Musa, except that there is no Prophethood after me?’ I (also) heard him say on the day of Khaybar, ‘I will give this banner to a person who loves Allah and His Messenger, and Allah and His Messenger love him too.’ We had been anxiously waiting for it, when the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘Call ‘Ali!’ He was called. ‘Ali’s eyes were suffering from inflammation (at that time). He salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam applied saliva to his eyes and handed the banner to him. Allah (eventually) granted victory through him. (The third occasion) was when the (following) verse was revealed:

Say, “Come, let us call our sons and your sons…”[1]

The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam called ‘Ali, Fatimah, Hassan, and Hussain and said, “O Allah! This is my family!”

 

This hadith has been reported by Imam Muslim (and others) from Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas radiya Llahu ‘anhu.[2] It (also) appears with an unacceptable wording. This version has been reported by Ibn al Maghazili.[3] I have mentioned it in the original work.

 

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[1] Surah Al ‘Imran: 61.

[2] Sahih Muslim, 2404.

[3] Ibn al Maghazili: Manaqib ‘Ali, 310.