Hadith 24: The Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam called ‘Ali on the Day (of the battle) of al Ta’if, and spoke privately with him…

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Hadith 24

 

دعا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عليا يوم الطائف فانتجاه، فقال الناس: لقد طال نجواه مع ابن عمه. فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: وما انتجيته ولكن الله انتجاه.

The Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam called ‘Ali on the Day (of the battle) of al Ta’if, and spoke privately with him. The people said, “His private conversation with his cousin has grown lengthy.” So the Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “I did not speak privately with him; rather Allah spoke privately with him.”

 

This hadith is narrated by Abu al Zubair and Jabir radiya Llahu ‘anhuma. Jabir’s version has several different chains of transmission, including:

Imam al Tirmidhi and others narrate — from al Ajlah — from Abu al Zubair — from Jabir.[1]

Imam al Tirmidhi says, “This hadith is Hassan gharib (fair rare); we only know the hadith to appear from al Ajlah. There are others who also narrate from al Ajlah other than Ibn Fudayl. The meaning of the words “rather Allah spoke privately with him” means Allah commanded me to speak privately with him.

However, the hadith is not as Imam al Tirmidhi claims; rather, it is da’if (weak). It contains several ‘ilal (hidden impairing defects), including the following:

  • There is a difference of opinion regarding the status of al Ajlah. Imam Ahmed says, “Al Ajlah narrates other munkar (unacceptable) hadith.”
  • Abu al Zubair is a mudallis (obfuscates when he narrates) and he is narrating this hadith with the word ‘an (from) and confused the narration; sometimes he narrates it as a mursal hadith, and other times he narrates it as a mawsul (connected) hadith. I have explained this in the original work.

Al Ajlah does enjoy tawabi’ (parallel narrations); however, nothing is authentic. I have explained this in the original work.

Consequently, all versions of this hadith revolve around Abu al Zubair al Makki; he is a mudallis (obfuscates when he narrates) and he is narrating this hadith with the words ‘an (from). All versions contain problematic elements.

Al Albani regards this hadith as da’if (weak).[2]

 

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[1] Imam al Tirmidhi: Sunan al Tirmidhi, hadith no. 3726.

[2] Al Albani: Silsilat Ahadith al Da’ifah, hadith no. 3084.