The Praise of Imam ‘Abdullah ibn al ‘Abbas ibn ‘Abdul Muttalib

Chapter Two: The praise of the Ahlul Bayt for the Sahabah – Sayyidina ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib and his relationship with the Sahabah
November 19, 2018
The praise of Imam ‘Ali ibn Hussain
November 19, 2018

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The Praise of Imam ‘Abdullah ibn al ‘Abbas ibn ‘Abdul Muttalib


The scholar of the Muslims and the exegete of the Qur’an ‘Abdullah ibn al ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma says about the Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum:


إن الله جل ثناؤه وتقدست أسماؤه خص نبيه محمداً صلى الله عليه وسلم بصحابة آثروه على الأنفس والأموال وبذلوا النفوس دونه في كل حال ووصفهم الله في كتابه فقال

رُحَمَاءُ بَيْنَهُمْ تَرٰىهُمْ رُكَّعًا سُجَّدًا يَّبْتَغُوْنَ فَضْلًا مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانًا سِيْمَاهُمْ فِي وُجُوْهِهِمْ مِنْ أَثَرِ السُّجُوْدِ ذٰلِكَ مَثَلُهُمْ فِي التَّوْرٰىةِ وَمَثَلُهُمْ فِي الْإِنْجِيْلِ كَزَرْعٍ أَخْرَجَ شَطْئَهٗ فَاٰزَرَهٗ فَاسْتَغْلَظَ فَاسْتَوٰى عَلَى سُوقِهٖ يُعْجِبُ الزُّرَّاعَ لِيَغِيْظَ بِهِمُ الْكُفَّارَ وَعَدَ اللهُ الَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْا وَعَمِلُوا الصّٰلِحٰتِ مِنْهُمْ مَغْفِرَةً وَّأَجْرًا عَظِيْمًا[1]

قاموا بمعالم الدين، وناصحوا الاجتهاد للمسلمين، حتى تهذبت طرقه، وقويت أسبابه وظهرت آلاء الله، واستقر دينه، ووضحت أعلامه، وأذل الله بهم الشرك، وأزال رؤوسه ومحا دعائمه، وصارت كلمة الله العليا، وكلمة الذين كفروا السفلى، فصلوات الله ورحمته وبركاته على تلك النفوس الزاكية، والأرواح الطاهرة العالية، فقد كانوا في الحياة لله أولياء، وكانوا بعد الموت أحياء، وكانوا لعباد الله نصحاء، رحلوا الى الآخرة قبل أن يصلوا إليها، وخرجوا من الدنيا وهم بعد فيها.

Verily Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala selected for His Messenger Muhammad salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam such Companions who gave preference to Him over themselves and their wealth. They were ready to sacrifice their lives in order to protect him in every condition. Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala mentioned them in the Qur’an:


(Those with him are) Merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and prostrating [in prayer], seeking bounty from Allah and [His] pleasure. Their mark [i.e., sign] is on their faces [i.e., foreheads] from the trace of prostration. That is their description in the Torah. And their description in the Gospel is as a plant which produces its offshoots and strengthens them so they grow firm and stand upon their stalks, delighting the sowers so that He [i.e., Allah] may enrage by them the disbelievers. Allah has promised those who believe and do righteous deeds among them forgiveness and a great reward.[2]


They established the characteristics of this Din and sincerely strived for the good of the Muslims until the ways of this Din were refined, its resources were made strong, the favours of Allah became apparent, the Din was established, its luminaries became apparent, and until polytheism was disgraced, its main figures diminished, its support was erased, and until the word of Allah became dominant, and the word of the non believers was subjugated. May the grace, mercy, and blessing of Allah descend upon those pure and lofty souls. They were the friends of Allah whilst they lived and when they passed away it was as though they were alive. They were well wishes for the servants of Allah. They emigrated to the Hereafter before reaching there and had left this world whilst they were still present here.[3]


The qualities which ‘Abdullah ibn al ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma used to describe them are noble traits and good qualities which they are remembered by. They were exactly as he described. Allah had chosen and honoured them with the companionship of his Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. They preferred him above their own lives and wealth. They established the characteristics of the true Din. They strived sincerely for the good of the Muslims. They worked hard in spreading Islam and setting up its support until it was firmly established, and until polytheism was disgraced, its main figures diminished, and its support was erased, and until the word of Allah was made dominant and the word of the non believers was subjugated. It was because of these qualities that their souls were pure. They were the friends of Allah in this world. May Allah be pleased with them.

He also said in praise of ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan radiya Llahu ‘anhu:


رحم الله أبا عمرو، كان والله أكرم الحفدة، وأفضل البررة هجّادا بالأسحار، كثير الدموع عند ذكر النار، نهّاضا عند كل مكرمة، سبّاقا إلى كل منحة، حييا أبيا وفيا، صاحب جيش العسرة، ختن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وآله

May Allah have mercy on Abu ‘Amr! His relationship which was attained by marriage was one of the best. He was punctual in spending the early morning in prayer. He would weep whenever Jahannam was mentioned. He always promoted noble traits and was always in the forefront of carrying out acts of kindness. He was lovable, respectable, and trustworthy. He was the one who prepared the Jaysh al Usrah[4] and was the son-in-law of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.[5]


Upon the death of Zaid ibn Thabit, Ibn Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma said:


والله لقد دفن به علم كثير

By Allah, abundant knowledge has been buried with him.[6]


NEXT⇒ The praise of Imam ‘Ali ibn Hussain

[1]Surah al Fath: 29

[2]Surah al Fath: 29

[3] Muruj al Dhahab wa Ma’adin al Jawhar vol. 3 pg. 75

[4] Jaysh al Usrah: The army that went out with Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam in the expedition of Tabuk.

[5] Muruj al Dhahab wa Ma’adin al Jawhar vol. 3 pg. 64

[6] Fada’il al Sahabah of Imam Ahmed ibn Hanbal No.1873 The researcher of the book has declared the chain of narrators to be Hassan. There are other chains of narrators for this Hadith.

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