Shuqran al Habashi

Mihja’
May 20, 2019
Ayman ibn ‘ Ubaid
May 23, 2019

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Shuqran al Habashi [1]

 

Salih ibn ‘Adi was his name, Shuqran was his title, and he is the freed slave of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam inherited him from his father.[2] Mus’ab al Zubairi on the other hand says that he was an Abyssinian slave belonging to ‘Abdul Rahman ibn ‘Auf radiya Llahu ‘anhu who gifted him to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.[3] Whatever the case may be, he has the honour of being the slave of the Leader of Mankind and has the fortune of being listed among his emancipated slaves.

Enslavement is a misfortune, but it proved to be a fortune for him. He was taken along to the Battle of Badr and participated therein. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam put him in charge of looking after the captives at Badr.[4]

The rule is that slaves do not get a fixed share from the spoils of war, so he did not get a fixed share of the booty. The leader, however, has the liberty of apportioning to them something. Sayyidina Shuqran radiya Llahu ‘anhu was given something by every captive under his protection, and thus accumulated more wealth than the fixed share in the battle.[5] Pleased with his services for Islam, Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam emancipated him after the Battle of Badr.[6]

After securing his freedom, he remained in the company of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and learnt from him. He disseminated the prophetic gems he learnt to the ummah. ‘Ubaidullah ibn Abi Rafi’, Yahya ibn ‘Umarah ibn Abi Hassan al Mazini, and Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn ‘Ali ibn al Hussain are his famous students.[7] Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn ‘Ali ibn al Hussain, is the great great grandson of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. He reports the shawl narration, which will appear shortly. Imagine, a member of the Ahlul Bayt is the student of an Abyssinian slave. Islam and knowledge award a person honour in this life and the Hereafter.

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam utilised him during the Battle of al Muraysi’ in the year 6 after hijrah to look after all the booty acquired from this tribe, which included commodities, weapons, camels, and sheep.[8] Sayyidina Shuqran radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports that he saw the Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam performing salah while riding a donkey while on his way to Khaybar, making gestures for ruku’ and sujud.[9]  These reports prove that he was present at these important expeditions.

He was among the few who were present at the washing of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam after his demise. He also has the great fortune of lowering the body of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam into his place of rest. There was a shawl upon which Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam would pray. Sayyidina Shuqran radiya Llahu ‘anhu placed it under Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam in his grave as he did not want anyone to wear it after Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam demise.[10] Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam made a bequest in his favour upon his death.[11]

His lineage did not survive, however, and his last male descendant passed away in the caliphate of Harun al Rashid.[12]

 

NEXT⇒ Ayman ibn ‘ Ubaid


[1]Raf’ Sha’n al Hubshan, pg. 290.

[2]Al Bidayah wa al Nihayah, vol. 6 pg. 42.

[3]Raf’ Sha’n al Hubshan, pg. 290.

[4]Al Bidayah wa al Nihayah, vol. 6 pg. 43; Raf’ Sha’n al Hubshan, pg. 290.

[5]Al Bidayah wa al Nihayah, vol. 6 pg. 42.

[6]Raf’ Sha’n al Hubshan, pg. 290.

[7]Raf’ Sha’n al Hubshan, pg. 290.

[8]Al Bidayah wa al Nihayah, vol. 6 pg. 43 referenced to Tabaqat al Kubra, vol. 3 pg. 50.

[9]Al Bidayah wa al Nihayah, vol. 6 pg. 43 referenced to Musnad Ahmed, vol. 3 pg. 465.

[10]Jami’ al Tirmidhi, vol. 2, Book 5, Hadith: 1047. Grade: hassan; Sunan Ibn Majah, Book 6, Hadith: 1628; al Bidayah wa al Nihayah, vol. 6 pg. 43.

[11]Raf’ Sha’n al Hubshan, pg. 290.

[12]Al Bidayah wa al Nihayah, vol. 6 pg. 43; Raf’ Sha’n al Hubshan, pg. 290; Usd al Ghabah, pg. 554, Biography: 2447.

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