Introduction

The Epilogue
October 26, 2018
Who are the Ahlul Bayt?
November 8, 2018

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Introduction

 

All praise belongs solely to Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala who has chosen for His special Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam supporters, making them the cream of creation and the strongest in faith. Through them did He strengthen din and make the word of the believers reign supreme. He promised them an immense reward and commanded the adherents of the religion to speak positively about them. Allah selected them for his choicest creation and His noblest Messenger, so they may listen directly from him to the revelation he received from his Rabb and observe his actions and behaviour, which will assist them in understanding the meaning of the revelation and enhance their understanding of the fundamentals of din and the principles of the Shari’ah. I testify that there is no deity besides Allah―Magnificent in His Majesty―and I testify that Muhammad salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is His trustworthy servant and His distinguished Messenger. May Allah send salutations on Muhammad―the leader of the Messengers―his pure family, all of his Companions, his chaste wives—the mothers of the believers—and those who follow them in righteousness till the Day of Recompense.

Certainly, the highest ranking masters of hadith and the loftiest narrators of isnad in eminence are the Sahabah of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. They are trustworthy, righteous, and reliable with Allah’s stamp of approval. It cannot be hidden from every person with external eyes and internal insight that they are the cream of the ummah and the elite of the A’immah. Undoubtedly, from among the clear manifest well-known proofs is to highlight all of their good and to avoid speaking negatively of them and their differences. Whoever verbally abuses the Sahabah of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam or any one of them, degrades them, criticises them, exposes their faults, or finds fault in any of them has oppressed himself and has harassed them. Loving them is Sunnah, supplicating for them is a means of proximity, emulating them is a means of deliverance, and following their footsteps is a great virtue. The Sahabah of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam are the greatest people (after the Messengers). It is not permissible to mention them in a bad light or to ridicule any of them for any defect or shortcoming.[1]

The Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum are responsible for transmitting the prophetic Sunnah, not to mention the noble Qur’an as well. Thus the greatest amanah (trust) which Allah―the Giver of Security, the Guardian―sent via the medium of Jibril ‘alayh al Salam, the trustworthy, to the choicest of all creation and the most trustworthy, Muhammad salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam; this greatest trust was then transmitted by the Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum [to the ummah]. Owing to this, we observe the Qur’an praising them and speaking very favourably of them.

They led upright lives. They did not display exemplary heroism only at Badr, Mu’tah, and Yarmuk. Rather, every page of their biographies is filled with ideal examples to emulate. They regulated and dedicated their lives for the reckoning of the Hereafter and every step of theirs was to acquire divine pleasure. The glorious Qur’an and prophetic Sunnah reached us through these legendary men who set the highest standard of purity and steadfastness. Hence, it devolves upon us to love them deeply, defend them, and be pleased with them―may Allah be pleased with them all.

Undoubtedly, the seniors of the Ahlul Bayt are part of the noble Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum. A double virtue combined for them and two excellences materialised in their favour viz. the virtue of being family and the virtue of being companion.

We now travel into the arena of Allah’s subhanahu wa ta ‘ala praise for them bearing in mind Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam bequest in their favour, to make manifest an important matter, those who have been given the glad tidings of Jannat―from the Ahlul Bayt and others―besides the ten. In view of the fact that books have been authored concerning the ten who have been promised Jannat―and they are deserving of the same―the time has come to list those who have been promised Jannat besides them. Besides, we realise that the opposite meaning is not intended, i.e. they being promised Jannat does not mean that others are dispossessed of this virtue. Instead, tens in fact hundreds of others like the participants of Bay’at al Ridwan (1400) and the participants of Badr (over 300) from the Ahlul Bayt and Sahabah radiya Llahu ‘anhum have all been guaranteed Jannat. We have in this treatise decided to mention those individuals for whom special glad tidings were sounded in a hadith, whether hassan or sahih.

We are pleased at Mabarrat al Al wa al Ashab to express our appreciation to the outstanding Ustadh ‘Ali ibn Muhammad al Ghamidi, professor of hadith and hadith sciences in Jami’ah Umm al Qura for his astounding efforts and noble assistance to al Mabarrah in this field.

We beseech Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala to unite us with Muhammad salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and his Companions in the exalted Firdaws. Amin. And our final invocation is all praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of the Universe.

 

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[1] Imam Ahmed ibn Hambal: al Sunnah, pg. 78; al Khatib al Baghdadi: Tarikh Baghdad, vol. 1 pg. 3 with variations.

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