Hadith 73: Verily Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala made a promise to me about ‘Ali. I said, “O my Lord, explain it to me!” …

Hadith 72: Verily the Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam formed a pact of brotherhood amongst the Muslims and said, “O ‘Ali, you are my brother. …
January 29, 2019
Hadith 74: “Whoever lends a helping hand to someone from my Ahlul Bayt (Family of the House), I will recompense him on the Day of Resurrection.” And he said, “The right of ‘Ali over the Muslims is like the rights of a father over his child.”
January 29, 2019

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Hadith 73

 

إن الله تبارك وتعالى عهد إلي في علي عهدا، فقلت: يا رب بينه لي! فقال الله سبحانه وتعالى: اسمع! قال: سمعت، قال: إن عليا راية الهدى، وإمام أوليائي، ونور من أطاعني، وهو الكلمة التي ألزمتها المتقين، من أحبه أحبني، ومن أطاعه أطاعني، فبشره بذلك! قال: فبشرته، فقال علي: أنا عبد الله وفي قبضته، فإن يعذبني فبذنبي، ولن يظلمني، وإن يتم الذي بشرني به، فالله أولى به، قال: فقلت: اللهم أجل قلبه، واجعل ربيعه الإيمان بك، فقال الله سبحانه وتعالى: فإني قد فعلت ذلك، ثم إن الله عهد إلي: أني أستخصه من البلاء ما لا أخص به أحدا من أصحابي! فقلت: يا رب أخي وصاحبي، فقال الله: إن هذا أمر قد سبق، إنه مبتلى ومبتلى به.

Verily Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala made a promise to me about ‘Ali. I said, “O my Lord, explain it to me!” Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala said, “Listen!” I said, “I am listening.” He said, “Verily ‘Ali is the standard of guidance; and the imam of the awliyaʾ; and the nur (light) of whoever obeys me. He is the kalimah (word) which I have enjoyed upon the pious. Whoever loves him, loves me. And who obeys him, obeys me. Give him (i.e. ‘Ali) the glad tidings of this!” The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “I gave him these glad tidings.” And he (i.e. ‘Ali) said. “I am the servant of Allah and in His control. If he punishes me, it is on account of my sin; He will never oppress me. If what you gave me glad tidings about is fulfilled, then Allah is more deserving than me.” He said, “O Allah, enlighten his heart and make it a spring of iman (faith).” Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala said, “Verily I have (already) done that.” Thereafter, Allah promised me, “Verily I will apportion for him more trials than any of your other Companions.” I said, “O my Lord, he is my brother and my Companion.” Allah said, “This is a matter that has already been decreed; he will be tested and through him will be tested (others).”  

 

This hadith is narrated from Abu Barzah, Anas, Abu Jafar, and ‘Umar ibn ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhum

 

The Hadith of Abu Barzah

Ibn al Maghazili narrates — Abu ‘Abdullah Muhammad ibn ‘Ali ibn al Hussain ibn ‘Abdul Rahman al ‘Alawi informed us (in what he wrote for me) — Abu al Tayyib Muhammad ibn al Hussain al Taymali al Bazzar narrated to us — al Hussain ibn ‘Ali al Saluli narrated to us — Muhammad ibn al Hassan al Saluli narrated to us — Salih ibn Abi al Aswad narrated to us — from Abu al Mutahhar al Razi — from al A’mash al Thaqafi — from Salam al Ju’fi — from Abu Barzah — from the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam[1]

The chain of transmission contains the following defects:

  • I could not trace Salam al Ju’fi, Abu al Mutahhar al Razi, al Hussain ibn ‘Ali al Saluli, and Abu ‘Abdullah al ‘Alawi.
  • Muhammad ibn al Hassan al Saluli was only regarded as a thiqah (reliable) by Ibn Hibban.
  • Ibn ‘Adi says the ahadith of Salih ibn Abi al Aswad are not correct (mustaqimah).[2]

There is another chain of transmission from Salih. Abu Nuaim and others narrate it.[3] It is batil (false) and mawdu’ (fabricated), as mentioned by al Dhahabi, Ibn al Jawzi, al Suyuti and al Albani.

 

The Hadith of Anas

Abu Nuaim and others narrate this version of the hadith with a chain of transmission that contains the narrator Lahiz ibn ‘Abdullah Abu ‘Amr al Taymi.[4] He is majhul (unknown). He narrates unacceptable reports from al Shaybani. Ibn ‘Adi, al Dhahabi and al Shawkani were adamant that the hadith is batil (false).

 

The Hadith of Abu Jafar and ‘Umar ibn ‘Ali

Ibn ‘Asakir narrates this version of the hadith with a chain of transmission that is saqit (wholly unreliable).[5] It contains the narrator Muhammad ibn ‘Ubaidullah ibn Abi Rafi’. He is matruk (suspected of forgery). Additionally, the hadith is mursal[6] (broken transmission).

 

In short, all the chains of transmission are very weak and ruined. The hadith is batil (false) and mawdu’ (fabricated).  

 

NEXT⇒ Hadith 74


[1] Ibn al Maghazili: Manaqib ‘Ali, hadith no. 69.

[2] Ibn ‘Adi: al Kamil, 4/66.

[3] Abu Nuaim: Hilyat al Awliyaʾ, 1/66

[4] Ibid.

[5] Ibn ‘Asakir: Tarikh Dimashq, 42/270.

[6] For an explanation of this term, Click Here [translator’s note]

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