Hadith 37: ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib is my close confidant.

Hadith 36: Three people have never disbelieved in Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala: the believer from Al Yasin, ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib, and Asiyah, the wife of Firoun.
December 12, 2018
Hadith 38: I was with the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and with him were his Companions barefooted. ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib entered and the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to him, “O ‘Ali, you are their genius.”
December 12, 2018

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Hadith 37

 

صاحب سري علي بن أبي طالب.

‘Ali ibn Abi Talib is my close confidant.

 

Ibn ‘Asakir narrates — from Abu Bakr ibn Yusuf ibn al Qasim — Abu ‘Abdullah al Hussain ibn Muhammad ibn Mus’ab al Bajali al Kufi narrated to us in Kufah — Ahmed ibn ‘Uthman narrated to us — ‘Ali ibn Thabit narrated to us — Muhammad ibn Ismail and Mindal narrated to us — from Kathir ibn Abi al Safir al Numairi — from Anas ibn Malik — from Salman al Farisi who said, “The Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said…”[1]

This chain of transmission is wah (feeble). It contains the following defects:

  • ‘Ali ibn Thabit al Dahhan al ‘Attar al Kufi was only deemed a thiqah by Ibn Hibban.[2] Ibn Hibban is notorious for regarding majhul (unknown) narrators as reliable.

Ibn Hajar does not have a consistent methodology regarding Ibn Hibban and his incessant regard for treating unknown narrators as reliable. In general, he does not accept them; however, at times, he accepts it on account of a reason that appears to him.

The preponderant position regarding Ibn Hibban should entail a consistent methodology because his lenience in this regard is undeniable. Whenever he alone deems an unknown narrator reliable, it should be rejected. I have explained this in my book al Fawaʾid al Hadithiyyah.

  • The chain of transmission also contains the following narrators who I could not trace: Kathir ibn Abi al Safir al Numairi, Abu Bakr ibn Yusuf ibn al Qasim, and Abu ‘Abdullah al Hussain ibn Muhammad ibn Mus’ab al Bajali al Kufi.

The hadith is munkar (unacceptable and contradicting authentic reports) and batil (false).

 

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[1] Ibn ‘Asakir: Tarikh Dimashq, 42/317.

[2] Ibn Hibban: Kitab al Thiqat, 8/457.

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